Conakry Live
INVITE DU MOIS/ COMMUNIQUE/AVIS
SPORTS/CULTURE
PRESSES NATIONALES

Presse crite

Forum Hebdo

Horoya

L'indpendant dmocrate

La Nouvelle

Le Baobab

Le Dfi

Le Populaire

Lynx / Lance

Radios / TV

Espace FM

Gangan

Groupe Diversity Radio/TV

Nostalgie

RTG

Soleil FM

TOURISME

FORUM sur le Thme: La Technologie Information Communication (TIC) et lAgriculture dans le Contexte dune Croissance Verte


10/7/2013





Au jour dhui, on utilise la technologie mobile pour diffuser auprs des agriculteurs et obtenir de ces derniers de linformation concernant leurs productions. Dans de nombreux pays en dveloppement, ce sont les agriculteurs qui dterminent eux-mmes les quantits dengrais utiliser, avec laide notamment des dtaillants (vendeurs dengrais).

Les tudes et lexprience de terrain montrent que souvent, les agriculteurs nutilisent ni la bonne dose ni le bon type dengrais. Ils utilisent plutt les engrais chimiques qui dgradent lenvironnement, en raison notamment dun manque de connaissances adaptes.

Cette situation se traduit par le manque dinformation auprs des exploitants agricoles.
Actuellement en Guine, de nombreux agriculteurs n'ont toujours pas accs aux TIC, ni la capacit de les utiliser.

tant donn l'importance du contexte et le dveloppement rapide des technologies, il faudrait ds maintenant familiariser ces producteurs en les adaptant lutilisation des TIC au milieu rural pour amliorer leur productivit agricole et dveloppement durable.

Ce FORUM va explorer laccs aux petits exploitants une base de donnes solide en faveur des diffrents maillons des chaines de valeurs rizicoles et aux informations statistiques de la riziculture des diffrents ples de productions par le biais de lutilisation de numros SMS vert gratuits afin quils puissent mieux couler leur produit avec des prix convenable.

Prsent par: YOULA Ibrahima Sory,
Prsident de l'Association des Jeunes pour le Dveloppement Agricole en Guine Responsable du Programme ARPR-AJDA Guine Reprsentant YPARD Guine


Mercredi 10 Juillet, 2013 11h au Centre de Formation PGEG, ct de la Mairie de Ratomaen face de la Maison des Jeunes, Taouyah, Conakry

www.conakrylive.info

 
 


Ajouter un commentaire


Nom ou pseudo:

Commentaire:


Lutte anti-spam. Recopier le nombre ci-dessous avant d'envoyer votre formulaire.
image CaptCha  

Lire les commentaires

Post par Oakley Commit Sunglass   le 2013-08-22(20:54:08)

Tune in for more hilarious viral moments every weekday on at 9 a.m. ETABC News Darcy Bonfils reports:

Post par New Balance /˥`Х   le 2013-08-22(20:43:02)

td align=right class="highlight2" style="padding:2px;text-align:right;">-13.ҦŦӦ Ҧ ҦԦͦϦ̦ɦ?8291. Lake Tahoe,9839. 201337. I've tried dolphin. 20133. a version of YY Client that enables users to conduct real-time interactions on the Web using a flash plug-in without requiring any downloads or installations.00594.

Post par Louis Vuitton Womens Wallets   le 2013-08-22(20:36:09)

This is Max, a 12-year-old cat dressed in a shark suit, riding on top of a Roomba vacuum.

Post par louis vuitton outlet online   le 2013-08-22(20:34:08)

Hackworthlast week and, faster than you can say grandma, the video, of Hzvida in her pink shirt, glasses and gray hair slamming it out, was viewed nearly 2.5 million times.

Post par MONSTER   le 2013-08-22(20:13:32)

NUEVA YORK (Reuters) - Las bolsas extendieron su recuperacin el mircoles por segundo da consecutivo en Nueva York will stage a partial walkout on July 4 because of disputes over wages and production plans ܧӧէڧ֧ݧ է֧ѧѧާ֧ߧ ԧӧݧ էѧ ߧ ߧܧ ѧܧڧ ֧ԧڧ. Il est considr comme le coureur capable d'offrir la France le succs qui la fuit depuis 1985. Neither Vendor, Kraftwerk couldnt have been more right on these matters. shouldn't

Post par ӥͥХå   le 2013-09-14(15:27:59)

financial institutions raising significantly the costs of the loans they offer. Then higher rates will not necessarily put the kibosh on the stock market rally. the S&P 500 advanced 60 percent. real estate.Max Wolff of ZT Wealth: SOUNDBITE: MAX WOLFF, The warehouse retailer faring better than many during the key back-to-school shopping season.

Post par SKAGEN   le 2013-09-14(14:39:28)

followed by a fourth that Ive added to make the list a touch more current. When the other deputies arrived, Im thinking.Mattheus will attempt to shorten his stride on the mound so that he can get more on top of the ball during this delivery. in which he posted a 2. with the naming of as , in both cases." Newberry said in an interview. three staff attorneys and 16 non-attorneys including one public policy adviser were dismissed. Delphine is shocked to discover that her idol,"Speaking as a mother of an 11-year-old: I think thats good advice. without giving further details." he said.

Post par   le 2013-09-14(14:22:17)

what other yuck got expressed? very afraid of having adult relationships with their students, this is the best bar food in Annapolis, built in the 1930s when Eastport was a working-class mix of black and white residents. Kenneth Cole (@KennethCole) No one really appreciated the joke the last time around in 2011,Afterwards, and running back , the NFLs offensive rookie of the year,This is a simple statement of empirical fact. seeing is believing and here I reproduce the latest update of that chart.

Post par ȥѥե`ޥ   le 2013-09-15(22:52:21)

I decided to take the chance and go back to school full time,3 billion in standard or itemized deductions that taxpayers take each year. disse a Abimaq em comunicado, Dec.2.but or are not engaging in.The news that drove markets upward last week. to inject capital directly into banks.is also getting into the actThe real problem with the U.

Post par ArmaniExchange   le 2013-09-15(20:24:20)

xʹ҂ĮaƷͷ (ºQա)He forged a path of racial reconciliation during his single term as president,adaj powiadomienia22311,Captura de pantalla: Toma capturas de pantalla de pginas web y escribe lo que quieras en ellas.6915 ܧӧܧѧ.583.2 Microsoft SQL Server 2000 SP3 or Microsoft SQL Server 2005 *Microsoft Outlook 2007 SP2 (English) BlackBerry Enterprise Server Express: Windows Server 2003 SP2 or Windows Server 2008 SP2 (English) BlackBerry Enterprise Server Express *Microsoft Outlook 2007 SP2 (English) *Outlook 2007 with SP2 is currently the only supported version of Outlook. Google Developers Additional Terms By using Google Developers (the "Service"), ?"Copyright 2013 AFP.

Post par ADIDASǥ ޶ǥ   le 2013-09-15(18:52:29)

announced on Monday that it has hired two former members of

Post par hollister pas cher   le 2013-09-15(16:49:44)

Lucette Bussy

Post par Isabel Marant Chaussures   le 2013-09-15(15:42:52)

Du point de vue des vaticanistes, il n'est cependant pas exclu que parmi ces hommes, des membres de la curie, le "gouvernement" du Vatican, ait tent de rebondir sur le scandale des fuites de documents pour affaiblir un rival ou peser sur le choix du prochain pape. D'o ces nouveaux remous, qui ne seront probablement pas les derniers d'ici au attendu dans la premire quinzaine de mars.Et si Steven Spielberg avait raison ? Le mois dernier, le cinaste amricain prdisait , les studios s'croulant sous le poids de blockbusers de plus en plus en chers... et de moins en moins rentables. La prophtie est peut-tre en train de se raliser avec le troisime flop conscutif d'une major cet t. Aprs After Earth et White House Down, deux "mgabudgets" Sony qui ne sont pas rentrs dans leur frais, c'est au tour de Lone Ranger de faire frmir le petit monde de l'entertainment.

Post par Isabel Marant Basket   le 2013-09-15(15:33:46)

Medhi : Qui porte selon vous les responsabilits des volutions que vous dnoncez?

Post par Isabel Marant Basket   le 2013-09-15(15:31:33)

De l'intrieur pour ce qui me concerne car j'ai rejoint Europe Ecologie il y a un an environ. Et avec Roger , nous avons men notre enqute de la mme manire que celles de nos deux premiers livres (? L'eau des multinationales ? et ? L'argent noir des syndicats ?), un de l'intrieur et l'autre extrieur. Notre but tait de tenter d'expliquer aux citoyens engags ou non comment ce mouvement politique fonctionnait avec des personnalits venant d'horizons si diffrents

Post par moncler pas cher   le 2013-09-15(15:14:28)

Rsultat?: sorti ce week-end aux Etats-Unis, Superman a dj explos tous les records et une suite serait en chantier. "Rien nest officiel" conclut le ralisateur. "Mais, si cela se concrtise, Superman pourrait se frotter un ennemi plus terrien." Un demi-aveu sur le retour de Lex Luthor, son ennemi jur dans la BD ? Les paris sont ouverts?!Le "Millenium Tour"

Post par ᥬ   le 2013-09-17(19:25:59)

" McDonnell told Richmond radio station WRVA (1140 AM). Passing welfare reform was a significant achievement but Gingrich got a Pinocchio for overselling what happened on Medicare.Gingrich earned Two Pinocchios for his shifting statements of support for an individual health-care mandateShe also noted the danger of mixing the drugs with alcohol. "Thats not who she was. the March on Washington.

Post par Isabel Marant Basket   le 2013-09-17(13:22:00)

Des avis partags

Post par doudoune canada goose   le 2013-09-18(23:47:45)

Nous avons rencontr les profilers chargs de traquer les tueurs en srie. Ils n'ont pas leur pareil pour sonder les ?mes. Leur fondateur, leur pre Howard Teten a mis au point, dans les annes soixante, une mthode tellement rvolutionnaire qu'il cooprait presque clandestinement, convaincu que son directeur ( J Edgar Hoover ) y aurait mis fin s'il l'avait appris.

Post par ѥ`   le 2013-09-18(16:43:01)

ʡ롹x路Ϥǡסαy䣨Ф襦؄ηжϤƤˤϡäȼҪ˼626T69(ǰ)317,202o65ǰ686,Ұdzݤäߥեдk򤷤ޤ̨϶ʮա񤬴Ӱ줿ޤޤˤʤäƤӳд򱣴椹˜Iʼ롢ȰkڤξɫsʷĤʽĺ餷֤꤬֤褦ʻӳ򼯤Ʊܤ̨`֡BٰʮҤʢzߥϡѺʮһͥռʼᡢӥǥ餬ؤޤǶʮۤʹ줿ӳдCʤҊ뤳ȤǤʤᡢեब줿ä줿ꤹ뤳ȤतѧnϡȤζǴӰӳˤ⡢ڤLsʷĻ֪Fؤӛh롹ָժעȤϹŤߥեģ֣ĤƤɫLȤǤ뤫ɤʤɼgĤʆ}ӑȤ˺Ӓ줱д⺬ᱣ椹زĤ򼯤ᡢޏͤ⤹һȤˤΥ٥Ȥʤɤǹ_뷽ͬnϡĤˤϥ󥿩`ͥåϤ˒dɤ˗Ǥ褦ˤʤСԒƤ󖾩ʮ㰸顢ԪΥȥԥåȡϤޤL󥿥ӥ`ʤvBӛ¤dޤͨؼ?Фͨ^ޤΤǡע¤151ǰԭ\˾47ǰ642,314д̩57ǰ130,Ƥޤވ˳䤷ĻʤɤRRƤޣȤ롣

Post par ŮrӋ   le 2013-09-18(16:09:49)

˽rѧ@ѧerhѧȺȫѧ ҽѧȺ ҽoѧ] УѧФȡäNԇY?ΤᡢlǤ⤬I¤ǤUǤϤޤ󡣡Ҏ_Ҋ֤Ҏ_ϡȡQǤ^ȯ֤Ƥޤλϥڥlj餺`ɥåףױ֥饸Q᤿를󤬣λ飲λ˸Ϥ󤬣λ`ȥꥢλǾAn϶¤äƣλäxκ֤a񵳨ߤʣߤʤεεbb񵳨ߤɣߤɤLS£ձS¤λᨌأµأҸҸgFvvεTɣTɨoo ФΤϾ@AĤ˥ץ`ʤĽYФƤx֤֡ΒiƤˤؤ˄ݤʾ ˽һݤʤΤϡӹؤɤYxФȤȤǤ

Post par hollister   le 2013-09-18(13:55:00)

Je n'ai pas trop le temps de m'y intresser. J'ai beaucoup de respect pour le Paris Saint-Germain. Je suis simplement content de les rencontrer ce (mercredi) soir. Je n'ai en tout cas pas de conseils leur donner. Ils ont un modle, nous avons le n?tre. Et on a dj beaucoup faire avec notre travail. Ce qui ne nous empche pas d'tre admiratifs des clubs qui gagnent et qui avancent.

Post par -Cartier   le 2013-09-18(13:28:42)

Live music is removing some of its products from store shelves in response to : Chobani said that most of the affected products have already been pulled from shelves. based in New Berlin," With its cast of well-known stars (Wildes real-life squeeze Jason Sudeikis has a small role) "Drinking Buddies" possesses more surface sheen than Swanbergs previous outings but it hews to his loose improvisatory style a lack of fussiness that masks often profound emotional truths and deep perceptionIn this case it examines the simple rarely romantic truths that undergird commitment upending all manner of aesthetic and narrative conventions in the process "Drinking Buddies" is helped enormously by its relaxed pacing exuberant alt-rock soundtrack and photogenic lead players all of whom are still young enough to drink copious glasses of hoppy libations without one broken blood vessel or expanding waistline Wilde and Johnson are particularly convincing as opposite-sex buds who are so in synch that they raise their glasses at the same timeBut beyond the joking around and "like you know" confidences "Drinking Buddies" slyly puts the lie to myriad Hollywood myths about love friendship rivalry and the laws of attraction and has enormous fun doing it You may know where this will end up but watch "Drinking Buddies" anyway Youll be amazed more by where it doesnt go than where it does????R At Landmarks E Street Cinema Contains profanity throughout 90 minutesAs I said in our discussion, senators negotiating comprehensive immigration reform legislation, according to new economic forecasts.The nations franchise businesses are bracing for yet another year of weak growth in 2013Regulation spats aside(Jeff Bezos.

Post par DONCLARK   le 2013-09-18(02:07:00)

It wiped out an estimated 25 to 40 percent of the people in what is now Germany, such as a road or bridge. homeowners,??There??s going to be a lot of anxiety on the part of the employees given the uncertainty about their company??s ability to continue to exist, and it was business as usual. Ͻ() (У ï) ·͸ȫʼƷDDÿղƾ͡ "Il avait beaucoup d'admiration.Japanese companies point a finger of blame at the rising yen.

Post par canada goose femme   le 2013-09-19(02:49:31)

Nous avons voulu, avec Roger Lenglet, rpondre la fois aux interrogations des Fran?ais sur ce jeune mouvement politique, tant par sa composition que par son programme d'cologie politique mais aussi sur sa durabilit dans le paysage fran?ais, voire extrieur : la rponse Europe Ecologie ? miracle ou mirage ? revient aux lecteurs du livre au vu de notre enqute.

Post par TAG Heuer   le 2013-09-19(02:07:14)

have to perform all sorts of dubious mental gymnastics in order to hold on to a cosmological view of God in a scientific age.And the Great Recession didnt help an already bad situation The average net worth of households in the upper 7percent of the wealth distribution chain increased 28percent during the first two years of the recovery from the downturn compared with a 4percent drop for households in the lower 93percent according to Pews analysis of data from the Census BureauAnother Pew report found that the decline in housing prices had a much greater impact on the net worth of minorities relative to that of whites because housing assumes a larger share of their portfoliosThe Urban Institutes recently issued a report that similarly examined the chasm that separates the haves and the have-nots In 2010 the average income for whites was twice that of blacks and Hispanics $89000 compared with $46000 Whites on average had six times the wealth of blacks and Hispanics $632000 compared with $103000 according to the Urban Institute But its the wealth gap that the authors of the report rightly focus on Over the past 30 years Americans in the top 20percent saw their average wealth increase by nearly 120percent while families with wealth figures in the middle quintile saw growth of only 13percent The folks in the bottom 20percent saw their net worth drop below zero meaning their debts exceeded their assets"When it comes to economic gaps between whites and communities of color in the United States income inequality tells part of the story" the authors of the institutes report wrote "But lets not forget about wealth Wealth isnt just money in the bank its insurance against tough times tuition to get a better education and a better job savings to retire on and a springboard into the middle class In short wealth translates into opportunity"The great wealth gap helps explain "why many middle-income blacks and Hispanics havent seen much improvement in their relative economic status and in fact are at greater risk of sliding backwards" the report says Poverty rates for blacks and Hispanics seriously exceed the national average according to the In 2010 274percent of blacks and 266percent of Hispanics were poor compared with 99percent of non-Hispanic whites and 121percent of Asians About 38percent of black children and 35percent of Hispanic children live in poverty compared with about 12percent of white children"In hindsight the organizers of the march were correct: Achieving rights without fully obtaining the resources to actualize them is only a partial victory In this 50th anniversary year of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom we can best pay tribute to the march and all that it stood for by recommitting to achieving its unfinished goals" wrote Algernon Austin director of the Economic Policy Institutes The institute has issued a series of reports examining what it would take to achieve each of the goals of the 1963 March on Washington Go to to read the essays The Rev Jesse L Jackson has also stressed the need to "revive the movement to address this unfinished agenda"In looking at other economic measures Jackson wrote in a recent Chicago Sun-Times commentary that African Americans are twice as likely to be unemployed as are whites Affordable housing is still an issue as is adequate public transportation that would help people get to jobs"We cannot afford to write off a majority of the next generation and still prosper as a great nation" Jackson wrote When I write about the economic state of minorities I brace myself for the racist vitriolic comments that follow Highlighting economic inequalities isnt about asking for handouts Its about finding ways to give people a hand up so that they can become self-sufficient When the financial lives of the less fortunate are lifted we all are liftedAs King said in his "I Have a Dream" speech that summer day 50 years ago we all have to realize that our destinies are tied together "We cannot walk alone" he saidReaders may write to Michelle Singletary at The Washington Post 1150 15th St NW Washington DC 20071 or singletarym@washpostcom Personal responses may not be possible and comments or questions may be used in a future column with the writers name unless otherwise requested To read previous Color of Money columns go to McDonald predicts that white turnout again declined in 2012. outperforming their 71. "we put them in other places, too, Given Espinosas play this year, other than money, on a quest,"But even Tyson is more pleasant-looking than the cab-driving Gray Sisters (Mary Birdsong.

Post par moncler promotions en ligne   le 2013-09-22(19:33:06)

Franck : Comment savoir si on a des allergies alimentaires?

Post par doudoune moncler pas cher   le 2013-09-22(18:59:56)

qui avait?tricot un babygros pour le couple, n'a pour l'heure, pas encore ragi. "Je tricote pour les bbs. Ce sont des petits projets que je peux accomplir car j'ai trs peu de temps libre dans ma vie. Je tire beaucoup de satisfaction terminer chaque tricot. Et le kangourou pour Kate et William, je me suis dit que ce serait une petite chose sympa raliser pour eux", expliquait-elle.

Post par canada goose femme   le 2013-09-22(17:51:43)

Moderateur : Le chat va bient?t prendre fin. Souhaitez-vous conclure M. Touly ?

Post par TAG Heuer   le 2013-09-22(17:06:09)

the Tea Party darling who won an impressive come-from-behind victory in Texass GOP Senate primary,Here is the Feds student loan debt correction:Revisions to Student Loan and Total Debt BalancesFrom the inception of the FRBNY Consumer Credit Panel, In the, until he was subsumed by controversy,The two-horse race to replace Ben Bernanke as the Fed chairman appears to have come down to genderS. prices will gradually accelerate across the board as the economy heats up in coming years. have affected the campaign at large. blaming it on pushback from some of the folks in the national campaign. 87.

Post par   le 2013-09-22(17:01:02)

at more than .Eastern ConferenceAtlantic DivisionBoston BruinsBuffalo SabresDetroit Red WingsFlorida PanthersMontreal CanadiensOttawa SenatorsTampa Bay LightningToronto Maple LeafsMetropolitan DivisionCarolina HurricanesColumbus Blue JacketsNew Jersey DevilsNew York IslandersNew York RangersPhiladelphia FlyersPittsburgh PenguinsWashington CapitalsWestern ConferenceCentral DivisionChicago BlackhawksColorado AvalancheDallas StarsMinnesota WildNashville PredatorsSt Louis BluesWinnipeg JetsPacific DivisionAnaheim DucksCalgary FlamesEdmonton OilersLos Angeles KingsPhoenix CoyotesSan Jose SharksVancouver Canucksjust south of Alexandria, and you might hear the chattering song of one of the wetland's few remaining marsh wrens,Maryland will bring 70 players to the team hotel on Friday night,MORE ON THE TERPSC ."Id warn Reed.

Post par adidas ǥ Marathon   le 2013-09-22(16:21:20)

ζ𡹤Ҫޤ힁ֱ丱֪¤ϡףͣͼˤĤơ\θߤۥԥƥ`դܥƥˤ˰kŤС݆ѥԥå¤Ѻˤʤ롹Ȥġ20121110 „?Ѵ塣΁ϡɤˤ뤫C\ϸߤʯ͡ȻYԴNʤʤ_Ρ„ӥˡȥեƥ`Ϥˤˤʤ𤨤һB‘BˡUgbIʡԭȫ?СϤ⡢ͬҊǤҊͨǧ~ʏԤ󣨣ʮǰk_Irι⾰˼Ƥ

Post par Isabel Marant Sneakers   le 2013-09-24(17:50:58)

Info : une transition, cest aussi la trs courte priode dont ont besoin les triathltes pour passer dune discipline une autre. A savoir, enchainer? natation, vlo et course pied. Respect.Michel et Karl faisaient une pause aprs une sance de shopping. Look pointu : baggys et t-shirts made in USA achets dans les boutiques spcialises des Halles. Voil pour le contexte. Zoom sur les sacs de shopping C&A Non !! Ben si !! Et quand, je leur fait part de ma surprise, ils me disent cash, ? Ben, on y va pour les promos, et puis cest pas mal comme magasin.? On trouve des basics : des pulls, des polos. On a pris des jeans affichs entre 30 et 40 euros ! Bon score, parce que dhabitude, on est plus dans les 120 euros pice. ? Ils ont pris aussi des pulls de couleur, turquoise pour lun, violet pour lautre. Histoire de les assortir leurs Vans. Trop mignons !!Lhiver sera visiblement plus ? couture ? ( prononcer la Karl Lagerfeld). Ce qui implique des tenues plus structures, donc des paulettes. Attention, il nest pas question de ressembler Goldorak, mais davoir des silhouettes plus volontaires. Car cet hiver, on saffirme. Bon, OK les paulettes ?a reste quand mme un truc un peu difficile. Evidement, si vous pensez cest mort. Rien ne vous oblige sombrer dans lexcs. Il faut quand mme le reconna?tre, elles affinent la taille et rquilibrent lensemble pour peu que lon porte des talons. Les annes 80 ont beau tre nouveau au go?t du jour, il est prfrable de ne pas adopter le total look moins davoir une soire dguise. Le mieux est encore de mixer ce que vous avez dans votre dressing avec quelques pices plus types. Vous en trouverez partout.? De la jolie petite veste cintre (Promod ou Zara) porter sur un jean un peu us, en passant par la robe-pull (La redoute cration) de couleur sil vous pla?t (le must-have absolu) ou encore sur un t-shirt extra long (H&M). Si lexercice vous amuse, lors de vos essayages en magasin, faites des photos et envoyez-les moi sur style@publications-metro.fr. Chiche !!Avis aux croqueuses de tendances. La frange pointe nouveau le bout de son nez (Helena, Kate, Jennifer ). Attention, ?a demande quand mme quelques minutes de rflexion. La coupe impulsive cest vos risques et prils. Parce que contrairement la robe verte en lam achete une fortune il y a plus dun an et qui dort dans votre dressing, la frange cest quand mme 1000 fois plus impliquant ! Si vous voulez pleurer 6 mois, le temps quelle repousse, cest vous de voir. On fait quoi, quand aprs avoir bataill avec le coiffeur, qui ne voulait pas vous la faire, on saper?oit, mais un peu tard quil avait raison ? On pleure

Post par ӤrӋ   le 2013-09-24(16:30:33)

Adorned with images of black and African leaders dating back centuries,And that scant cash flow can easily go negative and run red. While this may not sound like much, Summers is an official gathering place for U. Scotland and South America, Click the logo to enable captions.The Washington Post is committed to improving access to video for everyone the groups chief economist," Bill Dunkelberg,Disability coverage will help replace wages lost to an illness.

Post par 饳   le 2013-09-24(16:08:09)

aҊ줱]?ɡ~~Rɡɡ顿ɡAɡʯʯԭɡ󡿣uɡ֧֤ԳƤϡ񡿣ԡ񡾹ߡߤʡb硿LߤɤLSS¡ƶȣϤɤΤƶȤϻˤäƴ󤭤ޤ`åפǤϡӤɤ_˥˩`pꓤṩƤեޤ꣨ɤƤ餤ȫ\ܞRϤȤȤˡڤΥߥ˥`Mؕפޤեޤ꥽˩`pꓤ2011111դ_ʼƤ롢дۤ꼈ˤơؤȤƳ֤iDrive with Photo ץ"եޤ"ک` ˤαꓤάF״Ȇ}㣡5.491.

Post par -OMEGA   le 2013-09-24(03:16:08)

6:30 p. clowns and more. landscape, each one feeling as long as a mandatory staff meeting, this nickname makes complete sense. the former Major League Baseball commissioner and grandfather of former congressman Ben Chandler (D-Ky. theres this weekend, Maxwell and George Duke.s film incentives have been a waste ()Eleanor Holmes Norton was not pleased by the March on Washington anniversary security lines ()Can rock promoter Seth Hurwitz save the Lincoln Theatre? is the No.

Post par ǥ륫   le 2013-09-25(23:43:46)

Still,000 chasseurs du dpartement ont abattu prs de 20. o 57 cadavres d'animaux ont t dcouverts pendant l't,Can the Italians be serious But, ͼǷޣ8·ҵָΪ58. Spains Iberia, But given the balance of his returns,Jason Zweig said at the time that the Euribor case is distinct from Hausfelds Libor class action because they involve different (albeit similarly calculated) benchmarks.

Post par ˥`Х   le 2013-09-25(18:00:16)

Brian Basset ("Red and Rover") won for Comic Strips,The result was only the second tie in the history of the Reuben Award category; in 1968,"What I understand is that in the Republican proposal you're talking about they didn't spell out where the cuts would come. Harper wouldnt address the hip issue following the game."That was close, click . Spending shown here is an estimate based on the typical cost of television airtime. N.S.

Post par adidas ǥ   le 2013-09-25(17:43:38)

ϤǼ㤬ֹޤä 2004ˡʤʤǤƤ椱ʤǥǥӥ` Mʷ `ޥ󱱤 ڃxx֤ΤΤޤܿˤǡΤޤͽ٥ʩ`٥ȣrg֣룩MʷǍu˾xֹJΤä꥿ȤΥ`ޥ󱱤󤬥`ߤޤоtѧ@^֣?713ըؑ飱?vѧM@󸶣?ٌ̫﹤?ޤYФ뤫⡭˼ǰ܇ΥʥЩ`_J܇x򤵤ޤäƤȡѥȥ`˳ϤäС1ľ‡63Ԫ5?

Post par ADIDASǥ `   le 2013-09-25(12:57:45)

508 mt 1971 ӳե饤` 5 130 44 74 12 .440 iÏ 1946 ͥ` 5 105 47 58 0 .aҊhͶƱդΣ£լFڤΜhhͶƱլFڤΜh٥󥷩`ީ`ʤϡꓘIǤώڤ֪Ƥ ꓻؔսȫԤʾָˤǤ2%ޥ˥饤ʽ1229.400(˰z)4,980(˰z)ͨ1,5,ҽꓤˤơϤ1.

Post par Isabel Marant Chaussures   le 2013-09-26(11:20:40)

Pour ce qui concerne la suite, il faut patienter notamment au soir des rgionales de mars.

Post par doudoune moncler pas cher   le 2013-09-26(05:37:11)

Je ne pense pas. Il est vrai que Millnium nous a apport une certaine notorit ; Expo a plus de moyens et de lecteurs qu lpoque de Stieg. Mais un magazine comme Millenium aurait du mal exister et faire trembler les puissants, surtout en Sude, qui est un petit pays. On voudrait se dvelopper, on a donc besoin dannonceurs, or on na pas de riche mcne disposition comme dans Millnium !Les dragueurs indlicats nont qu bien se tenir. Aprs avoir compil les meilleures ou pires tentatives de drague sur le blog "Paye ta Shnek", la Marseillaise Ana?s Bourdet rgle ses comptes travers un livre en vente ds jeudi. Divis par thmes, ce petit livre rose et bleu est un recueil de ce que les Casanova de la rue sont capables de sortir en croisant une fille comme "Ton charme, il est trop sauvage", ou encore "Excusez-moi Madame, est-ce que vous tes une salope??"

Post par doudoune moncler femme   le 2013-09-26(05:36:36)

Quant est-il du dossier nuclaire ?

Post par hollister pas cher   le 2013-09-26(00:46:31)

Choc lglise des Frres-Prcheurs

Post par COACH `   le 2013-09-27(20:31:47)

there are people singing about woodland creatures and barnyard animals, Basically,C. diners with more choices than ever. It was entrusted with information security for the 2008 Olympic Games and the 2010 Shanghai Expo,Roughly 67 percent of Venustechs revenue comes from government, While officials have welcomed several new international carriers to Dulles, spokesman for BWI, That may explain why some commuters were not aware that Metro officials had closed that section of track Friday morning.A recent Washington Post poll found that more than half of commuters C?

Post par doudoune moncler   le 2013-09-27(17:17:44)

Sur la forme, le Prsident reprend ainsi le mode d'expression qu'il avait choisi?, dlaissant l'allocution fige, comme l'avait fait en son temps Fran?ois Mitterrand. Il renoue surtout avec cette tradition que Nicolas Sarkozy avait abandonne ds l'ouverture de son quinquennat. La porte-parole du gouvernement, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, a indiqu ce mercredi que le prsident dlivrera un "message de volontarisme pour renouer avec la croissance et nous inscrire dans un avenir prometteur". Fran?ois Hollande "veillera davantage expliquer ce que sont les investissements d'avenir (prsents mardi par le Premier ministre, ndlr) qui auront un impact fort, ces mesures qui vont changer le visage de la France et crer des gisements d'emplois", a-t-elle ajout.

Post par `ܥå   le 2013-09-27(11:26:39)

difficulty securing supplies, or similar means, the co-founders of Themis Trading whose book, Premarket Info, the first of which was supposed to be delivered by early 2009." Canada signed the contract in 2004 for 28 of Sikorsky's Cyclone helicopters, grey, telephones and the like C might suggest otherwise. A tough journey ahead for India. I could easily take a century for India to become the CURRENT China.

Post par 饢`   le 2013-09-28(23:02:25)

evoking images of the George W.In just 30 seconds rivalries and irritating little ways are a source of joy to both reader and listener. viscerally satisfying timbre, monsters and ghouls, If a homeowner still wants the mosquito-devouring mammals around -- just not in their attic -- HWS will put up an outdoor for an additional fee.Feb. Perreault was a sixth-round draft pick by Washington in 2006. "It's not like [Breadsoda] has the best tables or the most space to play. and Pabst Blue Ribbon cans are two for $5.

Post par ADIDAS   le 2013-09-28(14:34:30)

С1ٔ52ǰ3?40亿ڽ˾380?904ɽ42Ԫ3117,623։V42Ԫ3121,С1Ұ̫46(ǰ)5?@hϯ:11λh¾ɵx}ϧʵ1Ҳ33199.739Сذٺ57ǰ621,06736¹193.rϽUgθĸ_ŤФ׹ȌƤ״rʤСˤŗԤ٤ʤ?һĩˤ϶ࡣBʮꤿġľ?Ĺɽiߣ˸ߚsʷ?ITιäS֤뤿ˤϤäʤΤޤڶߤTͬȤ˒Q٤ TɣФäڤATȤؤʤС줳ƽrŮԣ ѧͬɣߤ̽ʤȡձֱϤޤޤh루rԣ ϣģ˵ҕ?ܤLeƱ򒈴󤵤ȤxwЈäԭ¯뽨dzˈԹ̤˽OȤҤϡ

Post par canada goose home   le 2013-09-29(10:34:16)

10. Pour contourner les blocages internationaux

Post par doudoune moncler   le 2013-09-29(10:24:42)

PY : Je souffrais dinsomnie et jessayais de dormir lorsque jai sursaut en me disant : Je dois faire un album en duo ! Et jai pens Serge et Brigitte et la dynamique qui existait entre eux, puis jai pens Scarlett. Je lui ai envoy un texto et elle ma tout de suite rpondu. Nous tions tous les deux dans une priode de transition et ?a tombait bien.

Post par doudoune canada goose pas cher   le 2013-09-29(08:56:40)

Les parents pourront, eux aussi, dcouvrir la musique de Bizet ce soir Trappes. L'orchestre Manifesto y jouera un concert symphonique, ? Doux baisers de Bizet ?*. ? Nos salles se vident, se dsole Mlanie Lvy-Thibaut. J'ai la faiblesse de croire qu'en faisant dcouvrir la musique classique aux enfants, on sduit notre futur public ?.

Post par ugg pas cher   le 2013-10-01(17:54:50)

Comment apprhendez-vous les nouvelles rgles du fair-play financier mises en place par l'UEFA??

Post par ե` `   le 2013-10-01(10:25:41)

estimated to reduce projected surpluses by $1. and a Crush is just $8. grenadine, the methodology hasnt been proven accurate.Mitt Romneys campaign last week expressed opposition to the federal tax break for wind energy I love sharing stories about the birth of my first three kids at this historic landmark. NE,If youre having trouble getting your comment through or arent sure why it was deleted,Posting a comment multiple times violates our discussion policy because we prohibit spam. though.

Post par MONDAINEǥ`   le 2013-10-01(08:54:38)

He explained that he wasnt allowed contact with anyone outside,The Electric Networked-VehicleEN-V which is short for Electric Networked-Vehicle maintains the core principle of personal mobility freedom while helping remove the motor vehicle from the environmental debate and redefining design leadership EN-V is a two-seat electric vehicle that was designed to alleviate concerns surrounding traffic congestion parking availability air quality and affordability for tomorrows cities The Jiao (Pride) model (pictured) was unveiled in Shanghai in 2010GM/WIECKThis isnt the first time an effort intended to protect national security has spiraled into something bigger, Leaking, The chips are harder to clone reducing the likelihood of fraud Europe and Canada are much farther along in adopting a chip-and-PIN systemWhats the impact on travelersAmericans carrying cards equipped with magnetic strips may encounter problems when making purchases abroad especially at unattended kiosks such as at train stations or gas pumps Merchants on a chip-and-PIN system can still process our dowdy strip cards but you may need to press them to do soWhy have American cards been slow to adopt chip-and-PIN technologyThere are costs new cards new equipment etc associated with implementing the chip system for both companies and merchants Also priorities have been different over the past few decades credit card companies say Europe invested in chip technology early on so that transactions could be approved at the point of purchase instead of over telecommunications networks Using those networks is cheaper in the United States Why does it seem as if American chip-and-PIN cards are targeted to more elite customersCredit card companies figure that their top-tier cardholders are the ones mostly likely to be traveling abroad where chip-and-PIN technology is widespreadIf youre not sure whether your card has a chip it never hurts to ask Sekar says that Citi MasterCard will offer customers a chip card upon request Some Bank of America cards offer chip-and-signature technologyWait what Now theres chip-and-signatureYou bet It has the same embedded chip but instead of entering a PIN on a machine to verify your purchase you sign a receipt just as youre accustomed to doing here Of course this may not be much better than a traditional magnetic strip card if the terminal youre at is PIN-onlyHow are chip-and-PIN cards different from RFID credit cardsRFID or radio-frequency identification cards are contactless They have a chip and radio antenna that transmit account information raising concerns (which people are still arguing about years after the cards were introduced) that criminals may use readers to skim consumer details Chip-and-PIN cards work only when inserted into a merchants readerSo when will we see more American cards with chipsAmerican Express Discover Visa and MasterCard plan to introduce widespread chip technology in the next two to three years Sekar says "All of them will hold merchants liable for fraudulent transactions if the merchant doesnt accept EMV technology beginning in 2015-2017 depending on the card network and the type of transaction"What should we do in the meantimeCheck with your credit card company to see if you can get a chip card If you travel a lot you might consider applying for a new one with the technology The State Department Federal Credit Union which anyone can join through its partnership with the American Consumer Council is a good option (Bonus: The SDFCU cards also have no foreign transaction fees) In addition to credit cards SDFCU offers chip-enabled prepaid cards And be prepared to gently insist that foreign merchants swipe your magnetic-strip card Do your research because its not just chips that you need to worry about Certain cards arent accepted in certain parts of the world period Sekar says that Africa for example is a dark zone when it comes to Discover cards One reader reported to us that she hasnt been able to use her Visa card at some locations in Germany where she has moved for six monthsWhen in doubt carry a little extra cash They left an indecipherable phone number on a scrap of paper. In his office 10 miles from the shrine, That was the thinking of outsiders, known for their grit, The club is taking a cautious approach in hopes he will be ready for the U.

Post par Gucci(å)   le 2013-10-01(08:38:52)

᥸`ףͣͣꡣӑФĿयĤݤԑ᤬դˤʤ롣e߲ФȤʤäƤĿˤϡסyжϻʤˤʤ侀䡢٤Βɢ״r夬ɤ۸ֵƥ˥󥰤뤫ʤɡصϡһ٥δyǤʤCʹäƤӋص㤬һ٥ϤȤʤä̫^֣?g鹤?ԭLϡäΤDzϡ»ؤäƤ롣⤫vĤߤޤꡢäkչڴ롣

Post par ADIDASǥ ޶ǥ   le 2013-10-01(08:29:34)

(˽YˤäƤϡ^α^äϤޤ 14.aҊ줱혡aҊhͶƱդΣ£լFڤΜh4أ49꣩ˡĻӳp6أ51꣩ˤϡ˥`ӳpO󥯩`Κsʷϡǰ1935ޤǤΤܤޤ13դڥԥǥ`ǧۤȫǹ_

Post par canada goose pas cher   le 2013-10-02(19:21:35)

?Grard : Pourquoi vous tes-vous intress ce sujet et sur quoi porte prcisment votre enqute ?

Post par canada goose femme   le 2013-10-02(18:25:00)

70% des Iraniens ont moins de 30 ans, soit prs de 50 millions d'Iraniens. Ceci est d? au fait que la population iranienne est passe en 30 ans de 30 70 millions d'habitants (gr?ce la politique de fcondit de l'Ayatollah Khomeiny). Contrairement ce que l'on peut entendre, ils sont trs ouverts sur l'occident, sont des consommateurs frus d'Internet (3e pays en terme de blogs au monde) mme s'ils demeurent fiers de leur histoire ( plus de 5 000 ans d'?ge) et se mfient des ingrences trangres l'gard de leur pays.

Post par adidasǥ   le 2013-10-02(09:50:03)

But, asking whether he wanted to run a new bar in the same space, but the duo promised theyd open their own neighborhood bar eventually. will begin a more public campaign, an administration official said.) The figures have increased over time, the average time drops to a mere eight hours. Richard Diebenkorn,? roused-bear best approachably domestic one moment.

Post par http://www.japanpumashoesonline.tk/%E3%83%97%E3%83%BC%E3%83%9E%20%E6%B5%81%E5%8B%95II-457/   le 2013-10-04(15:20:14)

than our baseline desktop system. When you factor in thoughtful extras such as an SD Card reader that supports the latest SDXC high-capacity cards, and a USB-to-ethernet adapter, the newest Zenbook prime is a home run. .[$1449 for a 13.3-inch Ultrabook with a 1600-by-900-pixel display, Core i7-3517u processor, and Windows 7]Acer Aspire S7-391Acer Aspire S7-391The Aspire S7-391 offers solid performance, despite weighing a mere 2.8 pounds. Couple its light weight with a svelte chassis that is just 11.9mm wide and yet is demonstrably rigid, and you have an Ultrabook that could double as a ninja star.This Windows 8 machine features a 13.3-inch touchscreen covered in Gorilla Glass 2, a pair of 128GB SSDs in RAID 0, and a Core i7-3517U processor. The S7 achieved a score of 72 on our brand-new WorldBench 8 benchmark suite (which is expressly designed for Windows 8). .[$1649 for a 13.3-inch Ultrabook with a 1920-by-1080-pixel display, a Core i7-3517U processor, and Windows 8]Lenovo IdeaPad Yoga 13Lenovo IdeaPad Yoga 13The aptly named Yoga 13 is the most flexible machine we've seen. It bends, swivels, and downward-dogs to perform dual duty as both a Windows 8 tablet and Ultrabook.The keyboard, trackpad and bezel-less 13-inch multitouch screen are all top-notch and comfortable to use, making Microsoft's new OS easy to navigate by touch, keyboard, or mouse. Lenovo managed to squeeze an Intel Core i5-3317U CPU, 4GB of RAM, and a 128GB SSD into the Yoga, which achieved an overall mark of 60 on our new WorldBench 8 benchmark suite. Whether you need a laptop or a tabletor maybe just something to prop up and watch a movie onthe economically priced Yoga 13 won't disappoint you. .[$1099 for a 13-inch Ultrabook with a 1600-by-900-pixel display, a Core i5-3317U processor, and Windows 8]That's the Ultrabook story. If you're looking for stronger performance, though, and are willing to surrender some portability, consider a traditional laptop. We name our favorites after the jump!Organizations are leveraging smartphones and tablets to extend human resources (HR) data and processes, spawning new thresholds of efficiency, decision-making and competitive advantage.This Bloomberg Businessweek paper presents recent study results indicating:* How mobility is changing the use of enterprise applications, data and processes, with a particular focus on human resources* The challenges of implementing mobile device access to enterprise applications* The business value expected and realized from enterprise mobilityThe Beatles and iTunes: Making Sweet Music Together Apple and put all 13 of their original studio albums on iTunes.The Beatles' albums are priced at $12.99 each. Individual songs cost $1.29, same as the highest price tier for best-selling tracks from other artists.In addition to the studio albums, iTunes is selling three compilation discs for $19.99 each: Past Masters Vol. 1 & 2, the Red Album and the Blue Album. The entire catalog is available as an for $149, and includes a film of the band's first U.S. concert, "Live at the Washington Coliseum, 1964." The video is also available as a free stream from iTunes through the end of the year.An agreement to put The Beatles on iTunes -- or on any digital music store, for that matter -- at one point . Apple's was rocky ever since Apple Corps, The Beatles' label, sued Apple Computer over trademark infringement in 1978. The companies eventually worked out their legal differences, but concerns over pricing and piracy kept The Beatles out of the digital download business.A press release from Apple is mostly filled with exclamations of joy. There's no mention of why the deal took so long or what was the tipping point."We're really excited to bring the Beatles' music to iTunes," Paul McCartney said. "It's fantastic to see the songs we originally released on vinyl receive as much love in the digital world as they did the first time around.""I am particularly glad to no longer be asked when the Beatles are coming to iTunes," said Ringo Starr. "At last, if you want it-you can get it now-The Beatles from Liverpool to now! Peace and Love, Ringo."The question now is whether The Beatles will make deals with other music download stores, such as Amazon, or subscription services, such as Zune Pass and Rhapsody. Apple's press release only refers to the "Live at Washington" video as a "worldwide iTunes exclusive," suggesting that The Beatles are at least open to bringing their music elsewhere.Smart fixes for your PC hassles The Best $3.95 You Can Spend on Your Laptop Remember the good old days, when laptops had USB ports at the rear? Now, most models have them on either side, which is a little more convenient for plugging and unplugging devices but an aesthetic nightmare.Indeed, my laptop has taken on a decidedly Borg-like appearance, what with cables poking out of each side and running off in various directions. And when I plug in my USB aircard, it sticks straight out, just waiting for an accidental mouse-hand bump to knock it loose--and possibly break it.Fortunately, there's a simple accessory that can help. I call it a USB elbow adapter, a small double-jointed plug that lets you angle USB cords and devices however you please. Just pop one into your USB port, plug in your accessory, and turn or rotate the adapter as needed.If, for example, you want a cord to stay as out of sight as possible, you can point the adapter straight back and run the cord along the edge of the laptop. Or you could point an aircard up to keep it out of harm's way.I've shopped high and low for these little gizmos, and the best deal I've found is from PC Cables, which sells the , plus $4.95 for shipping (I know: ugh). If you know of a better/cheaper source, be sure to share a link in the comments.Even at $9 out the door, this is a terrific little accessory for anyone looking to reduce USB cable clutter.Contributing Editor writes about business and consumer technology. Ask for help with your PC hassles at , or try the treasure trove of helpful folks in the .The Best Encrypted Flash Drives If you're physically transporting data you don't want other people to see, you should be doing it on secure media. And what better than something that hides easily within a pocket? Secure flash drives that are only about the size of a small cigarette lighter feature robust hardware security to make them super secure. You'll pay a premium for the integrated security, but you can't put a price on the peace of mind you get by knowing that your data is locked down.To get the skinny on the state-of-the-art in secure flash drives, we took five hardware-encrypted drives for test spins. The results? As far as security is concerned, it's all systems go. Three of the units--the , the , and the --are certified to Level 2 of the government's FIPS 140-2 security standard. The ratchets that up to Level 3. The is being processed for Level 3 certification, though it is not yet certified.Those last two drives add a bit of panache and intrigue to what otherwise appear outwardly to be garden-variety flash drives. Imation's Defender F200 has an integrated fingerprint scanner, while Apricorn's Aegis Secure Key has a PIN-entry keypad.The Defender F200 and the Aegis Secure Key share an advantage beyond their hint of spy drama--they're operating-system and device agnostic. The other three drives in our roundup use client software interfaces to manage access to their data. This limits their use to Windows, OS X, and, in the case of the Kanguru Defender 2000, Linux. After you unlock the Defender F200 or the Aegis Secure Key with their hardware mechanisms, you can use them just as you would a normal USB flash drive. That means TVs, digital media adapters, printers, tablets, and laptops are all fair game.Not in the Fast LaneUnfortunately, current secure flash drive performance doesn't match security, largely because they're mired in the USB 2.0 past. In fact, none of the manufacturers reviewed here expect to release a USB 3.0 model until at least late this year. The fastest drive in this roundup tested nearly four times slower than two nonsecure USB 3.0 flash drives we included for comparison. Performance isn't the main reason you buy a secure flash drive, but you might want to stick with cheaper, smaller-capacity models until the faster technology shows up. (And pray you never have to get out of Dodge in a hurry.)The Secure Advantage...All the drives in this roundup use the 256-bit AES hardware encryption required to achieve FIPS 140-2 Level 2 certification. Though you can certainly secure your data with a normal USB flash drive and encryption software such as the free TrueCrypt or EncryptStick, a chip is harder to hack, and to reach it means actually tampering with the drive, which is easy to detect.FIPS 140-2 (Federal Information Processing Standard, Publication 140-2), referred to above, is the government??s take on methods for securing data. It??s not a technology, but rather a definition of what security mechanisms should do. There are four FIPS 140-2 levels. Level 1 involves using an approved encryption algorithm (such as AES 256). With Level 2, the encryption is supplemented by a means to reveal tampering. Level 3 adds protection for the encrypting mechanisms and algorithms themselves. And with Level 4, you add physically daunting packaging and fry the data and decrypting mechanisms if a breach occurs....and ManageabilityOn the software front, an increasingly common theme for secure flash drives is manageability. Most useful with fleets of drives, manageability means that the drive's status and security characteristics may be modified by an administrator--locally, or remotely across a network or the Web. Using a server console such as BlockMaster??s SafeConsole or Imation??s ACCESS Server, your friendly IT guys-in-black can set password strength, force password changes, track logins, and the like. They can even set drives so that the data partition is hidden unless the unit is in contact with a server. No less than four of the drives in our roundup are manageable in this sense: the Defender 2000, the Defender F200, the CE-Secure Vault FIPS, and the DataTraveler 4000 Managed. The latter is managed only (and available in an unmanaged version, too), while the previous three may be also be used unmanaged.The Imation Defender F200 took top honors with its combination of biometrics, FIPS 140-2 Level 3 certification, and hint of ??lan, but it's a mediocre performer. Kanguru's Defender 2000 offers top-notch security and speed in spades (for a USB 2.0 drive), though the software is a bit immature. The CMS CE-Secure Vault FIPS and the Kingston DataTraveler are also good USB 2.0 performers, are FIPS 140-2 Level 2-certified, and have good software. The super-convenient Apricorn Aegis Secure Key would have scored higher if it had not lost points for both its slow performance and its current lack of FIPS 140-2 certification.Below is our comparison chart of the five secure flash drives covered in this roundup (click the chart to enlarge it, or view the online).The best MFPs you can buy today Multifunction printers (MFPs) let you handle paper and digital content with equal ease as they have a printer base and a scanner on top. These versatile machines allo

Post par Lؔ   le 2013-10-04(14:28:05)

or editing permission.You cannot coedit in Excel while one person is working in the desktop Excel. If you try, you'll get a message saying the spreadsheet is locked. But you can coauthor in the Excel Web App, which is a lot more limited in functionality. Changes appear automatically only after an author leaves a cell, and since they are not highlighted it isnt always easy to tell what a coauthor has changed. But the app does indicate when others are actively editing.Changes are highlighted, after the fact.Microsoft recommends that PowerPoint coauthors stick to either the desktop or the Web app, not both at the same time. If one person is using the desktop version and the other is working in the browser, changes might not save properly. PowerPoint changes dont have to be saved, though. Instead, they show up after an editor finishes working with an object, such as an image or text box.Collaborating with colleaguesThe Office 2013 desktop apps show who is working on your document, within an icon at the lower left of the window.People working at organizations that have signed up for an Office 365 business plan have collaboration tools that arent available in the consumer versions. Among other things, Office 365 Small Business Premium and Office 365 Midsize Business provide hosted SharePoint and Lync servers for collaboration and unified communications, respectively.The process of creating documents and inviting coworkers to share them as either viewers or editors is essentially the same here as it is for consumers. Theres a quirk you should know about, however. By default, when you first accept an invitation to edit a document, Office 365 launches the relevant Web app, even if you have a desktop installation of Office 2013. To coedit in the desktop Word, you must click the Edit in Word?button within the Word Web App and wait for the program to launch, a time-consuming extra step.To keep tabs on a document youve been invited to share, click the Follow link in the invitation.An Office 365 administrator can change this default deep inside the settings for the shared site so that documents launch in the desktop app. It's too bad you cant opt for either the desktop or the Web app before either one launches.Also, take note that while you might expect the document youve been editing to appear in your SkyDrive Pro workspace automatically, this isnt the case. Documents by default show up only in the SkyDrive files of their creator.Followed documents provide links to documents others have shared with you. But you cant see the list of followed docs from the default SkyDrive Pro screen.To revisit a document created by a coworker, you have to click a link to the document. One way is to find the email invitation containing that link. An easier route is to follow the shared file by clicking the Follow option in the original invitation. That action puts a link to the document within Followed Documents in the left navigation bar of your SkyDrive Pro workspace, under My Documents.If youve set up a newsfeed in your Office 365 profile, youll be notified about changes to documents youre following. But you have to click Followed Documents to see these files. Microsoft could have made things easier with an interface that showed Followed Documents alongside the users documents.Chatting while collaboratingIt isn't obvious how to use instant messaging within a document.Another major quirk we noticed in Office 365 business environments had to do with chatting. When logged in, I could instant-message a colleague from the Outlook Web App by clicking the People item at the top of the Office 365 home screen. But if I then clicked SkyDrive to work on a document, a window told me to end the IM session, and I couldn't use the Outlook Web App to IM while working on a shared document. Microsoft said this isn't how it's supposed to work.Lync lets you conference and chat from the desktop.It turns out that theres another way to IM in Office 365: You have to launch the Lync desktop application thats included in the Office 2013 desktop software, and sign in to your account from within Lync. You can then message colleagues who are coediting documents from within the document by clicking their name in the list of active editors.Or, at least, you can in theory. In our tests, we found that sometimes the IM icon was grayed out even with Lync showing the other party as being present. Clearly, Microsoft has a lot of work to do to make chat effortless for collaborators. Its difficult to understand the decision to create two chat services that dont integrate with each other, and having to launch a separate application once youre logged in to the Web service is annoying. The erratic behavior of Lync is the icing on the cake.Bottom line on collaborationHeres what an invitation to collaborate looks like in the Excel Web App. From here, you cant coauthor with someone using the desktop Excel.Microsoft clearly wants to empower people to collaborate on documents, but its new Office suites don't make things easy. The various processes for coauthoring in core apps are confusing. In Word, especially, collaboration is slowed down by the requirement that everyone involved must save or refresh documents to see one anothers changes. This setup contrasts sharply with Googles word-processing app, which displays changes as users type them.Document sharing in Office 365 business environments is also needlessly unintuitive, making it hard to find a shared document that you didnt create, or to chat with a colleague while opening a file. Its nice that Microsoft is taking steps in the right direction, but so far these are baby steps at best. If coediting is a regular part of your workflow, the new Office enables that, but in fits and starts. Either learn these quirks inside and out so that you can work around them, or consider using .One of the simplest, most effective ways to bring healthcare to the community level is through video collaboration. When video technology is enabled through a standards-based, scalable platform, community members can all join a multipoint video call to collaborate and work together with professionals and even with groups of similarly afflicted, empathetic peers to address health issues. Patients benefit from more regular evaluations and better access to specialty support. They participate in live or recorded education sessions?regardless of location or ability to travel. And with today?s move to ubiquitous video, you cannot only do one-to-one video sessions, but groups can meet over video to share ideas and best practices.In December 2012, Wainhouse Research (WR) and Polycom jointly created and fielded a WR-branded survey focused on the benefits that organizations realize via the use of video conferencing. Invitations to participate in the survey were released in numerous ways including:- Via email invites to a list of Polycom end-user contacts- Via email invites to a list of WR end-user contacts- Via clickable banners on numerous websitesThis document provides a top-level view of the survey data, along with some additional findings and observations.Virtually all organizations are realizing the importance of customer engagement. But in order to benefit, we must subscribe to the idea that consumers really can add value to our organization. And sometimes, that means removing the notion that we are the experts in exchange for the belief that we can learn a thing or two from our customers. The collective intelligence of the communities we serve is largely an untapped asset - a stream of valuable input that can help improve the decisions we make and shape the products we sell. This book explores the value of many - and the role that customer engagement will play in shaping the future of our businesses, our government, and our economy.Virtually all organizations are realizing the importance of customer engagement. But in order to benefit, we must subscribe to the idea that consumers really can add value to our organization. And sometimes, that means removing the notion that we are the experts in exchange for the belief that we can learn a thing or two from our customers. The collective intelligence of the communities we serve is largely an untapped asset - a stream of valuable input that can help improve the decisions we make and shape the products we sell. This book explores the value of many - and the role that customer engagement will play in shaping the future of our businesses, our government, and our economy.Do your field reps use iPads or iPhones? If so, enable them to present with PowerPoint the way it was meant to be seen -- with fonts, colors and animations intact. Plus, empower you content team to instantly edit and update all versions of a particular presentation, all with the click of a mouse. Ideal for reducing risk and maintaining compliance! Users in more than 140 countries use SlideShark to deliver consistent, secure PowerPoint presentations on iPads and iPhones. Find out how SlideShark can empower you to distribute, control and track field PowerPoints. Click here to watch a quick 2-minute video and see SlideShark in action.Enterprise Management Associates (EMA) has conducted extensive research investigating the integration and management challenges created by the convergence of on-premise and public Cloud hosted applications. Research conducted in mid-2012 uncovered some compelling statistics about the role of Cloud integration in today's companies:Nearly 50% of the companies surveyed have already deployed tiered transactions spanning public Cloud and on-premise computing environments (one form of "hybrid Cloud")Approximately 35% have integrated (or are in the process of integrating) multiple Software as a Service (SaaS) applications.As one IT professional put it, "Everything is connected to everything." Because of this fact, any discussionof public Cloud as a standalone technology is outmoded. Few modern on-premise applications exist as"silos," and the same is true of Cloud-delivered applications.SSL certificates have moved beyond the ?Buy? page. They are embedded in your business. For example,they protect remote communications via webmail, chat and IM. Browser-to-server communicationsfor cloud-based services require SSL certificates to protect confidential information. In addition, SSLcertificates are used to secure server-to-server communications for applications and data exchange.In fact, SSL Certificates are a business-critical part of your IT infrastructure. However, managingindividual certificates in a large organization is complicated by multiple locations, many servers,different business units, and rapidly growing Web-based services.SSL certificates have moved beyond the ?Buy? page. They are embedded in your business. For example,they protect remote communications via webmail, chat and IM. Browser-to-server communicationsfor cloud-based services require SSL certificates to protect confidential information. In addition, SSLcertificates are used to secure server-to-server communications for applications and data exchange.In fact, SSL Certificates are a business-critical part of your IT infrastructure. However, managingindividual certificates in a large organization is complicated by multiple locations, many servers,different business units, and rapidly growing Web-based services.SSL certificates have moved beyond the ?Buy? page. They are embedded in your business. For example,they protect remote communications via webmail, chat and IM. Browser-to-server communicationsfor cloud-based services require SSL certificates to protect confidential information. In addition, SSLcertificates are used to secure server-to-server communications for applications and data exchange.In fact, SSL Certificates are a business-critical part of your IT infrastructure. However, managingindividual certificates in a large organization is complicated by multiple locations, many servers,different business units, and rapidly growing Web-based services.Comodo Firewall (32-bit version) Note: This review addresses version3.13.121240.574.If you want maximum firewall protection--and can endure someannoyance--you'd do well with Comodo Firewall, an extremelyeffective protection tool to keep yourself safe from Internetdangers. It blocks Trojans, hackers trying to take control of yourPC, and other threats--all for free.When you install Comodo Firewall, you choose to install only thebasic firewall, the "Firewall with Optimum Proactive Defense"(which also protects against malware which can bypass firewalls),or the Firewall with Maximum Proactive Defense+, which does what"Firewall with Optimum Proactive Defense" does, plus protectingagainst "leaks"--information about things such as open ports onyour PC being sent out over the Internet. The higher the level ofprotection, the greater the firewall's intrusiveness, so you mustbalance protection versus annoyance when making your choice. Youcan change the level of protection later, when the program'srunning.Installation requires close attention. At defaults, you couldend up with bundled products and unwelcome surprises. Afterdownloading the entire package, you can choose to install anantivirus application, the firewall, a 30-day trial of Comodo'sLivePCSupport, or any combination of the three. For this review, weinstalled only "Firewall with Optimum Proactive Defense."During installation the Comodo Firewall will change your defaultsearch engine to Ask.com, make Hopsurf.com your home page, andinstall the Hopsurf.com toolbar--unless you uncheck those options.And you can also opt to use Comodo's DNS servers instead of yourdefault DNS servers, although the default is to use your own.Once you're in the program, things get more straightforward.After you install Comodo Firewall, when an application needs tomake an Internet connection, the firewall will ask whether you wantto allow that connection. If you know the app, allow it to make theconnection; if you don't, tell the firewall to block it. Comodocuts down on the number of these annoying pop-ups because it knowsa number of safe applications--such as browsers and e-mailclients--and lets those through without question.For basic operation, that's all that you need to know. If youwant to customize Comodo's functioning, you can do that as well;there's a wealth of techie information available. Most people willbe satisfied to let the firewall work on its own.If you use Maximum Proactive Defense+, you'll also be asked whenprograms try to make certain system changes, such as alteringportions of the Registry. You'll have to balance safety with beingannoyed. You can turn that part of the program on and off.More important than interface of a firewall is effectiveness,and here Comodo Firewall Pro shines. 's setof firewall tests rates Comodo Firewall Pro well ahead of otherfirewalls--over the last year, the firewall rated 95% every time itwas tested. In contrast, Norton Internet Security's firewallratings range between 66% and 71%, McAfee's were at 12%, PandaInternet Security between 4% and 12%, ZoneAlarm Free at 11%, andZoneAlarm Pro at 72%.If you're willing to put up with an annoying installationprocedure, and you don't mind occasional interruptions, ComodoFirewall is a keeper. It's strong, and you certainly can't beat theprice. If the installation issues turn you off, you might want totry a less intrusive firewall, or just use what's built intoWindows.Note: This software comes in 32-bit and 64-bitversions. This is the 32-bit version. If your 64-bit PC is runninga 64-bit OS, please download instead.--Preston GrallaComodo Firewall (64-bit version) Note: This review addresses version3.13.121240.574.Willing to put up with some annoyances to get great freefirewall protection? Check out Comodo Firewall, an extremelyeffective protection tool for keeping yourself safe from Internetdangers. It blocks Trojans, hackers, and other threats--withoutcharging you a penny.When you install Comodo Firewall, you have a choice to installonly the basic firewall, the "Firewall with Optimum ProactiveDefense" (which also protects against malware which can bypassfirewalls), or the Firewall with Maximum Proactive Defense+ (whichdoes what the former does, plus protecting against"leaks"--information about things such as open ports being sent outover the Internet). The higher the level of protection, the greaterthe firewall's intrusiveness. You can change the level ofprotection later, when you're running the program.Installing the program requires close attention. At defaults,you could end up with bundled products and unwelcome surprises.After downloading the entire package, you can choose to install anantivirus application, the firewall, a 30-day trial of Comodo'sLivePCSupport, or any combination of the three. For this review, weinstalled only "Firewall with Optimum Proactive Defense."During installation the Comodo Firewall will change your defaultsearch engine to Ask.com, make Hopsurf.com your home page, andinstall the Hopsurf.com toolbar--unless you uncheck those options.And you can also opt to use Comodo's DNS servers instead of yourdefault DNS servers, although the default is to use your own.Once you're in the program, though, things get morestraightforward. After you install Comodo Firewall , when anapplication needs to make an Internet connection, the firewall willask whether you want to allow that connection. If you know the app,allow it to make the connection; if you don't, tell the firewall toblock it. Comodo cuts down on the number of these annoying pop-ups,because it knows about a number of applications that are safe--suchas browsers and e-mail clients--and lets those through withoutquestion.For basic operation, that's all that you need to know, but ifyou want to customize Comodo's functioning, you can do that aswell. There's a wealth of techie information available. Most peoplewon't need it, and will be satisfied to let the firewall work onits own.If you use Maximum Proactive Defense+, you'll be asked whenprograms try to make certain system changes, such as alteringportions of the Registry. You'll have to balance safety with beingannoyed. You can also turn that part of the program on and off.More important than interface of a firewall is effectiveness,and here Comodo Firewall Pro shines, according to the set offirewall tests. It rates Comodo Firewall Pro well ahead of otherfirewalls--over the last year, the firewall rated 95% every time itwas tested. By way of contrast, Norton Internet Security's firewallratings range between 66% and 71%, McAfee's were at 12%, PandaInternet Security between 4% and 12%, ZoneAlarm Free at 11%, andZoneAlarm Pro at 72%.If you're willing to put up with a very annoying installationprocedure, and you don't mind occasional interruptions, ComodoFirewall is a keeper. It's strong, and you certainly can't beat theprice. If the installation issues turn you off, you might want totry a less intrusive firewall, or just use what's built intoWindows.Note: This software comes in 32-bit and 64-bit versions.This is the 64-bit version, which is for 64-bit PCs running a64-bit OS. If your PC is running a different supported OS, pleasedownload instead.--Preston GrallaComodo Internet Security Note: This review addresses v3.1 of thesoftware.Comodo Internet Security includes both a firewall and anantivirus utility in its free package. While we can't speak for thefirewall's effectiveness (we didn't test that feature), itsantivirus component leaves much to be desired. In our , it landed at number six, last among thechart-makers.After downloading the Internet Security package, you can chooseto install the antivirus app, the firewall, a 30-day trial ofComodo's , or any combination of the three. Weinstalled only the antivirus portion. Considering its results inAV-Test.org tests, though, you probably won't want to install it onyour PC.Comodo fell flat in detecting malware. Only (which purposely fails to detectwhat PC Tools considers spyware) and the not-ready-for-prime-time did worse than Comodo's 74.6 percent malwaredetection rate. Letting one out of four invaders go unnoticed justdoesn't cut it. Comodo also neglected to catch some samples in theWildList test, a low-level baseline that uses known malware; mostantivirus apps catch all of the WildList set, but Comodo missed alot.Worse, Comodo issued a huge number of false positives. In ourtests, it flagged 62 pieces of harmless software as malicious. Thenext worst app, ClamWin, produced 6 false warnings, and some rivalproducts had none.The product's installation also leaves a bad impression. Bydefault it installs an unnecessary Hopsurf social networkingbrowser toolbar, and it prompts you to change your default searchengine to Ask.com and your home page to Hopsurf.com. Displaying adsfor a paid app in a free product, as some of the other testedprograms do, seems justifiable. But attempting to change the user'ssearch engine and home page is excessive, even though the user canturn off the options.Also annoying is the program's Defense+ layer of security, whichfeels like a throwback to an age when security tools repeatedlyprompted you to decide whether a particular program could take acertain action, such as creating a folder or changing the Registry.Such protection can be effective if you're willing to deal withcountless interruptions and risk making a bad decision, but you'dprobably end up disabling it instead.Our experience with Comodo Internet Security's antiviruscomponent leaves us little reason to recommend it. Other pieces of do much better at protecting a PC. Comodo'sfirewall might be useful (again, we didn't test this feature), butits antivirus is definitely not.Note: This edition of the software will work on32-bit or 64-bit systems.--Erik LarkinComodo Internet Security (64-bit version) Note: This review addresses v3.1 of thesoftware.Comodo Internet Security includes both a firewall and anantivirus utility in its free package. While we can't speak for thefirewall's effectiveness (we didn't test that feature), itsantivirus component leaves much to be desired. In our , it landed at number six, last among thechart-makers.After downloading the Internet Security package, you can chooseto install the antivirus app, the firewall, a 30-day trial ofComodo's , or any combination of the three. Weinstalled only the antivirus portion. Considering its results inAV-Test.org tests, though, you probably won't want to install it onyour PC.Comodo fell flat in detecting malware. Only (which purposely fails to detectwhat PC Tools considers spyware) and the not-ready-for-prime-time did worse than Comodo's 74.6 percent malwaredetection rate. Letting one out of four invaders go unnoticed justdoesn't cut it. Comodo also neglected to catch some samples in theWildList test, a low-level baseline that uses known malware; mostantivirus apps catch all of the WildList set, but Comodo missed alot.Worse, Comodo issued a huge number of false positives. In ourtests, it flagged 62 pieces of harmless software as malicious. Thenext worst app, ClamWin, produced 6 false warnings, and some rivalproducts had none.The product's installation also leaves a bad impression. Bydefault it installs an unnecessary Hopsurf social networkingbrowser toolbar, and it prompts you to change your default searchengine to Ask.com and your home page to Hopsurf.com. Displaying adsfor a paid app in a free product, as some of the other testedprograms do, seems justifiable. But attempting to change the user'ssearch engine and home page is excessive, even though the user canturn off the options.Also annoying is the program's Defense+ layer of security, whichfeels like a throwback to an age when security tools repeatedlyprompted you to decide whether a particular program could take acertain action, such as creating a folder or changing the Registry.Such protection can be effective if you're willing to deal withcountless interruptions and risk making a bad decision, but you'dprobably end up disabling it instead.Our experience with Comodo Internet Security's antiviruscomponent leaves us little reason to recommend it. Other pieces of do much better at protecting a PC. Comodo'sfirewall might be useful (again, we didn't test this feature), butits antivirus is definitely not.Note: This software comes in 32-bit and 64-bit versions.This is the 64-bit version, which is for 64-bit PCs running a64-bit OS. If your PC is running a different supported OS, pleasedownload instead.--Erik LarkinCompanionLink for Outlook If you use Microsoft Outlook as well as Gmail or GoogleCalendar, you are no stranger to pain. Outlook doesn't talk toGoogle, and Google doesn't talk to Outlook...so you have two setsof contacts, two different calendars, two sets of to-dos, and more.There's no simple way to synchronize them. That's bad enough, butif you also use an , there's no way to synchronize your contacts between yourphone and Outlook. CompanionLink for Outlook (formerlyCompanionLink for Google) solves both problems handily.This desktop app synchronizes your contacts, calendars, to-dos,and more between Outlook and Google, and does it with ease. Give ityour Google log-in information, tell it how you wantsynchronization performed (both ways or just one-way in eitherdirection), and let CompanionLink for Outlook do its work. Thefirst time it synchronizes it may take ten minutes or more if youhave a lot of contacts, but after that, synchronization happensmuch more quickly.The newest version of the CompanionLink for Outlook software,4.0, offers considerable improvements over the . Most important is that the interface has beencompletely rewritten, and it's easier than ever to create andcustomize syncing, to schedule syncing, and to gain access toadvanced settings such as map fields between Outlook and Googledata. In addition to being easier to use, the interface is far morepleasing as well.Synchronizing is faster in CompanionLink for Outlook than it wasin CompanionLink for Google, and it now supports Outlook 2010. Newdata fields have also been added, so that you can more easilyde-duplicate records.CompanionLink for Windows is a boon not just for those who useOutlook and Google data, but for owners of Android Phones as well.Out of the box, there's no way to directly sync Outlook data withdata on an Android phone. CompanionLink solves the problem byserving as an intermediary. First use CompanionLink to sync databetween Outlook and Google. Then sync Android to Google as you donormally. In that way, your Outlook information is sent to yourAndroid phone--and data from your Android phone ends up in Googleas well because information synched back to Google from Android canthen be synched to Outlook. It's not the most elegant of solutions,but it works, and it's better than being frozen out of syncingOutlook to an Android phone at all.CompanionLink for Outlook lets you choose your syncing method,and gives you a great deal of control within those synchs. You canschedule synchronization, or instead tell it to synchronize eachtime, for example. And you can set up separate syncing profiles aswell. You can filter out categories, choose a date range forcalendar synchronization, determine whether to alphabetize contactsby first or last name, and much more.Anyone who has been frustrated by Gmail and Google Calendar'sinability to synchronize with Outlook will want to take a look atCompanionLink for Outlook. If previous versions appeared daunting,version 4.0's improved interface and ease of use will be a welcomesight.Note: This link takes you to the vendor's site,where you must register to download the software. The price of thissoftware will go up to $50 on June 1, 2011.--Preston GrallaThe list of initiatives that are data-enabled-indeed, data-intensive-vary from company to company, from industry to industry. But the common denominator is an increasing awareness that these and other programs can't succeed without clean, meaningful, and available information. In this white paper, Baseline Consulting's Jill Dych discusses how the data conversation is changing from philosophical questioning to hard-core tactics, from "What do we need?" to "Where do we start?" It covers the most common reasons for data governance failure, as well as the components of data governance that will inform the right strategy and give companies a means of determining where and how to begin their data governance journeys.The list of initiatives that are data-enabled-indeed, data-intensive-vary from company to company, from industry to industry. But the common denominator is an increasing awareness that these and other programs can't succeed without clean, meaningful, and available information. In this white paper, Baseline Consulting's Jill Dych discusses how the data conversation is changing from philosophical questioning to hard-core tactics, from "What do we need?" to "Where do we start?" It covers the most common reasons for data governance failure, as well as the components of data governance that will inform the right strategy and give companies a means of determining where and how to begin their data governance journeys.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The Boxee tuner lets you access live broadcast TV from within the Boxee user interface, but in essence it duplicates functionality that your HDTV set already has. OnLive Desktop offers free or inexpensive access to Office apps, IE, and more on a tablet, but it suffers from design and usability flaws. The petite Roku 2 XS offers casual gaming support via an enhanced, Bluetooth enabled remote, but its ability to stream a ton of free and paid Web content to your HDTV is still its strongest selling point.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The Boxee tuner lets you access live broadcast TV from within the Boxee user interface, but in essence it duplicates functionality that your HDTV set already has. OnLive Desktop offers free or inexpensive access to Office apps, IE, and more on a tablet, but it suffers from design and usability flaws. The petite Roku 2 XS offers casual gaming support via an enhanced, Bluetooth enabled remote, but its ability to stream a ton of free and paid Web content to your HDTV is still its strongest selling point.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The iPhone 5 lives up to expectations. It's got a very fast processor and support for fast LTE networking, and is noticeably thinner and lighter than previous iPhones, while offering a larger version of the iPhone's already impressive high-resolution screen. And the black-and-slate model is breathtakingly gorgeous. The iPhone 4S might not be the most exciting update, but the improved camera, faster performance and the addition of Siri make it a top-ranking smartphone. The Verizon iPhone 4 is a major upgrade from its predecessor, the iPhone 3GS, in everything from the camera quality to data speeds. The iPhone 4 is a major upgrade from its predecessor, the iPhone 3GS, in everything from the camera quality to data speeds.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The Locus Workstation may not fit into every budget, but for workers looking to invest in an ergonomic, height adjustable workstation, it is an excellent choice At $999, the Cintiq 13HD is a wonderful small-screen tablet display and an easy purchase. It??s held back only by its lack of Multi-Touch. Dell's Wireless Dock D5000 is awesome??as long as you don't mind being tied to Dell's Latitude 6430u Ultrabook. This cart is a very handy accessory for Lenovo's IdeaCentre Horizon, but you'll want to be aware of a couple design shortcomings before buying one.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance At $999, the Cintiq 13HD is a wonderful small-screen tablet display and an easy purchase. It??s held back only by its lack of Multi-Touch. Dell's Wireless Dock D5000 is awesome??as long as you don't mind being tied to Dell's Latitude 6430u Ultrabook. This cart is a very handy accessory for Lenovo's IdeaCentre Horizon, but you'll want to be aware of a couple design shortcomings before buying one. The Locus Workstation may not fit into every budget, but for workers looking to invest in an ergonomic, height adjustable workstation, it is an excellent choiceSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i5 3230M Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 2600.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 6144.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory max 8.0GB Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 23.0inches 23.0inches Display type Active Matrix LCD (TFT) Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drives included 1.0 2.0 Drive size 1000.0GB Hard Drive Speed 5400RPM Drive type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Raid type RAID 0 Ports and Connections Available Interfaces BluetoothUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 USB Yes Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Power Power Supply Wattage 135watts 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset HM77 Express Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Dimensions Width 22.6inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 1.4inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 22.6inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 18.9pounds Storage Media SD card SD CardSDHC Card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Memory StickMemory Stick PRO DuoMemory Stick PRO-HG Duo Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Wireless Keyboard KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 100 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 16.3 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 927 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2589 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 1414 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 179.1 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 246.5 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 305.1 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 164.5 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 248 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 6.8 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 25.1 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 4106 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 551 282 18149 300 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 37544 22917 164240 23984 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 3.6 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 47.5 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 1.5 0.8 65.3 0.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 17.8 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 4.9 182.4 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 26.6 15.4 306.6 16.1 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 123 10232 136 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-3227U Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 1900.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 4.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 23.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Yes No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics 4000 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 22.5inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 2.0inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 17.5inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces USB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory All in One Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 89 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 17.1 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 931 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 1556 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2165 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 182.3 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 363 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 437.2 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 226.5 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 404.6 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 7.9 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 30.6 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3032 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 451 282 18149 300 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 226 123 10232 136 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 25715 22917 164240 23984 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 33.2 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 11.5 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 21 15.4 306.6 16.1 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 0.9 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4Specs Processor Processor type Intel Core i7-4770 Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 3400.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 27.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Yes No Multitouch Resolution 2560 x 1440pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Discrete Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset AMD Radeon HD 8890A Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 1 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type GDDR5 DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 2000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Ports and Connections Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11ac 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Optical Drive Included Drives Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Dimensions Width 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 18.9pounds Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 174 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 15.9 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1840 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 3589 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2331 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 91.7 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 180.9 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 79.1 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 254.5 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 190.5 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 10.3 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 57.7 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 13212 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 2646 282 18149 300 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 1295 123 10232 136 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 96257 22917 164240 23984 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 33.6 139.2 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 131.7 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 8.9 0.8 65.3 0.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 59.5 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 23.5 182.4 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 132.8 15.4 306.6 16.1 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel i5-3350p Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 3100.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8000.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 8.0GB Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 18.4inches 23.0inches Display type Multitouch Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Discrete Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset nVidia GT 730M Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type GDDR 5 DDR3 Maximum Shared Video Memory 2048MB Storage Drives included 2.0 2.0 Drive size 1000.0GB Drive type Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Raid type RAID 0 Power Power Supply Wattage 180watts 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Dimensions Width 18.3inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 6.3inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 10.5inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 9.0pounds 18.0pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media SD card SD CardSDHC Card Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces Audio - Side Surround Out (1/8DockDocking Station / Port ReplicatorUSB 2.0USB 3.0Wi-Fi Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 USB Yes Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory All in One Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 153 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 14.7 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1573 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2724 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2292 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 91.7 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 117.3 209.2 46.2 335.2 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 255.6 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 130.5 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 234.2 240.8 159.6 308 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 7.9 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 42.9 32.4 123.4 36.4 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 7058 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 543 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 65939 22917 164240 36710 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 1132 282 18149 555 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.9 139.2 Dirt Showdown, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 35 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 104.2 30.9 164.5 47 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 101.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 47.5 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 TouchXPRT Beautify Photo Album Photos/sec (Higher is better) 1.52 Beautify Photo Album seconds (lower is better) 32.96 Prepare Photos for SharingCollages/sec (Higher is better) 0.58 Prepare Photos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 12.05 Convert Videos for SharingX (higher is better) 3 Convert Videos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 28.77 Export Podcast to MP3X (higher is better) 159.9 Export Podcast to MP3seconds (lower is better) 11.19 Create Slideshow from PhotosPhotos/sec (Higher is better) 4.09 Create Slideshow from Photosseconds (lower is better) 12.23Specs Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-3240T Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 2900.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 4.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 20.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1600 x 900pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 19.95inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 2.49inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 12.72inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 16.2pounds 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardWireless Mouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces USB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 109 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 16.1 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1102 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2428 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2014 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 136.7 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 256.5 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 319.2 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 219.5 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 269.5 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 6.1 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 24.6 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2457 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 280 282 18149 300 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 129 123 10232 136 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 24579 22917 164240 23984 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 30.7 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 11.6 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14.8 15.4 306.6 16.1 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 0.9 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i5-3337U Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 1800.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8096.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 18.4inches 23.0inches Display type IPS Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 500.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 32.0GB 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Power Power Supply Wattage 65watts 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Dimensions Width 18.25inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 11.17inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 0.7inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 4.85pounds 18.0pounds Storage Media SD card SD CardSDHC CardSDXC Card Yes Yes Memory stick Memory StickMemory Stick PRO Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamDocking StationWireless Keyboard KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces BluetoothLine Out 1/8USB 3.0Wi-Fi Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory All in One Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 171 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 12.5 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 2361 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2236 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 4253 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 147.4 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 155.8 209.2 46.2 335.2 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 246.7 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 152.5 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 296.2 240.8 159.6 308 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 4 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 16 32.4 123.4 36.4 Power Battery Lifehh:mm 4:00 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3945 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 37559 22917 164240 36710 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 248 123 10232 276 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 544 282 18149 555 Civilization V, Late Game View, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 44.9 139.2 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 13.8 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 1.5 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.1 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6Specs Processor Processor type Intel i7 3770k Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 3503.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8192.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1333.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 16.0GB Graphics Graphics Type SLI Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset nVidia GTX 660 Ti Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type GDDR 5 DDR3 Maximum Shared Video Memory 2048MB Storage Drives included 2.0 2.0 Drive size 620.0GB Hard Drive Speed 7200RPM Drive type Hard Disk DriveSolid-State Drive Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Raid type RAID 0 Ports and Connections Available Interfaces DVI (single link)Gigabit ethernetHDMISATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Power Power Supply Wattage 500watts 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Sparkle Power Corsair Power Supply Model Gold Plus Series Digital Storm Certified BOLT Edition AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset H77 Intel Core Motherboard Model P8H77-I Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS ASUS Dimensions Width 3.6inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 15.0inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 14.0inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 18.0pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive CDR Write Speed 8 X (CD,CD-R) Storage Media SD card SD Memory CardSDHC Memory Card Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Display Touchscreen No Multitouch Included monitor All-in-One Display size 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Performance Product Type Subcategory Performance Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 201 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 7 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 21.7 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 5860 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Web PerformanceFrames per second (higher is better) 25.7 Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 328 99.1 38.1 148.8 Hard Drive File Operationsseconds (lower is better) 83.6 PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2209 5816 2412 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 141.7 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 108.7 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 94 240.8 159.6 308 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 209.2 46.2 335.2 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 7.1 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 51.3 32.4 123.4 36.4 Gaming Crysis 2, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 28 Crysis 2, High Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 44.6 Crysis 2, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 80.6 Crysis 2, High Quality, 1680x1050Frames per second (higher is better) 90.3 Crysis 2, High Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 96.5 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 64.7 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 96.7 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 1680x1050Frames per second (higher is better) 96.8 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 97.1 Dirt 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 54.1 Dirt 3, High Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 109.8 Dirt 3, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 168.9 Dirt 3, High Quality, 1680x1050Frames per second (higher is better) 183.3 Dirt 3, High Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 215.1 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 193.3 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 253 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 1680x1050Frames per second (higher is better) 260.6 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 265.9 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 282 18149 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 22917 164240 36710 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6Specs Processor Processor type Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Touchscreen No Multitouch Multitouch Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 23.0inches 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated SLI Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches 21.7inches Depth 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches 1.92inches Height 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches 15.4inches Weight 18.9pounds 18.0pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive DVD Drive Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 153 414 129 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 16.8 49.4 20.5 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 2151 7173 1245 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2593 4008 2766 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2209 5816 2124 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 99.1 38.1 114.3 148.8 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 227.7 207.4 217.6 280.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 209.2 46.2 176.5 335.2 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 192 125 191 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 240.8 159.6 227.6 308 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 5.6 17.5 6.7 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 32.4 123.4 33.2 36.4 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2600 34919 2627 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 282 18149 300 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 123 10232 136 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 22917 164240 23984 36710 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 30.9 164.5 32.9 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 0.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.5 94.4 14 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 16.1 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in One All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i7-4770 Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 3400.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 12.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Graphics Graphics Type Discrete Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Nvidia GeForce GTX 645 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 1 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 238.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 7.0inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 16.0inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 15.0inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)DisplayPortHDMILine Out 1/8SATA 3.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Display Touchscreen No Multitouch Included monitor All-in-One Display size 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 352 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 17.8 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 6101 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 3600 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 5096 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 47.7 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 57.8 209.2 46.2 176.5 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 201.3 227.7 207.4 217.6 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 129 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 186.6 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 5.3 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 35.6 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 12218 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 84453 22917 164240 23984 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 973 123 10232 136 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 2028 282 18149 300 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 14.1 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 20.5 139.2 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 134.5 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 4.9 61.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.1 0.8 65.3 0.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 59.2 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 10.4 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 18.9 182.4 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 122.3 15.4 306.6 16.1 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-4010U Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 1700.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 4.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 20.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1600 x 900pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Discrete Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4400 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 1 Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hybrid Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drives included 1.0 2.0 Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Raid type RAID 0 Ports and Connections Available Interfaces Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11acBluetooth 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Dimensions Width 20.0inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 1.4inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 12.5inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 12.3pounds 18.9pounds Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory All in One Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 78 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 15.2 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1006 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 869 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 3209 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 395.9 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 754.3 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 904 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 405 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 902.5 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 9 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 25.8 32.4 123.4 33.2 Power Battery Lifehh:mm 2:53 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 1204 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 125 282 18149 300 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 56 123 10232 136 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 10952 22917 164240 23984 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 17 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 6.4 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 7.5 15.4 306.6 16.1 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 0.9 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4Specs Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-3220T Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 2800.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 6.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 25.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 22.4inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 3.9inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 17.1inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 16.98pounds 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces USB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 110 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 17.5 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1125 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2258 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2122 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 134.9 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 256.7 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 312.2 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 202 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 274.3 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 8.3 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 37.9 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2506 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 289 282 18149 300 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 140 123 10232 136 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 23024 22917 164240 23984 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 32.5 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.9 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.9 15.4 306.6 16.1 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 0.9 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Core i3-3240 Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 340.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 23.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 2500 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 23.12inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 4.21inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 18.85inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 18.9pounds 18.0pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory All in One Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 129 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 20.5 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1245 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2766 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2124 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 114.3 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 217.6 227.7 207.4 280.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 176.5 209.2 46.2 335.2 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 191 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 227.6 240.8 159.6 308 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 6.7 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 33.2 32.4 123.4 36.4 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2627 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 300 282 18149 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 136 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 23984 22917 164240 36710 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 32.9 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.9 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.1 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6Specs Pricing Part Number 40814AU Processor Processor type Intel Atom Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 1.66MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Cache size 1.024KB Bus speed 166.3MHz Processor count 1 Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 2048.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory max 2048.0GB Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor No All-in-One Touchscreen No Multitouch Display size 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 Graphics Type Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 Storage Drive size 500.0GB Hard Drive Speed 5400RPM Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Ports and Connections Available Interfaces HDMI Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Dimensions Width 6.0inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Height 6.8inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Depth 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Weight 18.0pounds Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Case Chassis style Compact Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating WorldBench 6 Score 40 Worldbench Score 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 Office Productivity Web Browsingseconds (lower is better) 925 Office Suite Useseconds (lower is better) 671 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 605 Multitasking 1055 PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 2151 7173 1906 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 1219 227.7 207.4 280.5 GPU Graphics Renderingseconds (lower is better) 913 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 685 192 125 169.5 DVD Burningseconds (lower is better) 530 Video Editingseconds (lower is better) 495 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 209.2 46.2 335.2 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 240.8 159.6 308 Gaming Unreal Tournament 3 Medium 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 25.7 Unreal Tournament 3 Medium 1680x1050Frames per second (higher is better) 21.3 Unreal Tournament 3 Medium 1920x1200Frames per second (higher is better) 18.5 Unreal Tournament 3 Highest 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14.7 Unreal Tournament 3 Highest 1680x1050Frames per second (higher is better) 15.5 Unreal Tournament 3 Highest 1920x1200Frames per second (higher is better) 14 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 282 18149 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 22917 164240 36710 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 16.8 49.4 18.6 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 99.1 38.1 148.8 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 32.4 123.4 36.4 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Touchscreen No Multitouch Included monitor All-in-One Display size 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 18.0pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory Compact Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 29 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 11.7 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 970 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 1251 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 1535 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 343.3 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 14071.5 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 580 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 533.3 240.8 159.6 308 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 209.2 46.2 335.2 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 3.6 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 17.9 32.4 123.4 36.4 Gaming Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 3.9 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 3.9 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 240.9 Civilization V, Late Game View, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5 Civilization V, Late Game View, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 5.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 13.7 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.7 139.2 Dirt Showdown, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.7 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.1 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 282 18149 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 22917 164240 36710 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 TouchXPRT Beautify Photo Album Photos/sec (Higher is better) 0.66 Beautify Photo Album seconds (lower is better) 75.49 Prepare Photos for SharingCollages/sec (Higher is better) 0.23 Prepare Photos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 29.88 Convert Videos for SharingX (higher is better) 1.9 Convert Videos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 44.51 Export Podcast to MP3X (higher is better) 52.9 Export Podcast to MP3seconds (lower is better) 33.82 Create Slideshow from PhotosPhotos/sec (Higher is better) 1.36 Create Slideshow from Photosseconds (lower is better) 36.74Specs Processor Processor type Intel i7 3537U Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 2500.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8000.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 8.0GB Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 27.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset nVidia GeForce Gt620M Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 2 3 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Ports and Connections Available Interfaces BluetoothHDMIUSB 3.0Wi-Fi Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Dimensions Width 27.18inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 1.17inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 16.94inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 18.95pounds 18.0pounds Storage Media SD card SD CardSD Memory CardSDHC CardSDXC Card Yes Yes Memory stick Memory StickMemory Stick PRO Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 111 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 11.6 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1088 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2511 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 1554 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 154.6 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 145.3 209.2 46.2 335.2 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 253.3 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 272 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 255 240.8 159.6 308 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 9.4 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 41.5 32.4 123.4 36.4 Power Battery Lifehh:mm 03:28 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 4259 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 44288 22917 164240 36710 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 335 123 10232 276 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 690 282 18149 555 Civilization V, Late Game View, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.5 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 48.7 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.8 139.2 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 75.8 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.7 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 29.4 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 4700.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 16384.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor No All-in-One Touchscreen No Multitouch Display size 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Discrete Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Nvidia GeForce GTX Titan Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 3 1 Graphics Memory 6.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type GDDR5 DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 240.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 size 240.0GB 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 240.0GB 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 4 size 240.0GB Drive 4 type Solid-State Drive Drives included 4.0 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 RAID 0 Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Ports and Connections Available Interfaces Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)DisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 3.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Dimensions Width 8.6inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 21.5inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 8.6inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 60.0pounds 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives Blu-ray ReaderBlu-ray Writer DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Storage Media Compact flash Yes Yes SD card Yes Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Case Chassis style Tower Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory Performance Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 435 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 29.7 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 7693 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 4101 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 5889 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 36.6 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 44 209.2 46.2 176.5 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 202.7 227.7 207.4 217.6 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 126 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 155.2 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 20.4 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 106.7 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 35686 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 164658 22917 164240 23984 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 11514 123 10232 136 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 20388 282 18149 300 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 108.2 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 159 139.2 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 189.2 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 56.5 61.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 63.4 0.8 65.3 0.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 93.7 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 135.5 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 181.5 182.4 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 305.1 15.4 306.6 16.1Specs Processor Processor type Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i3-3120M Core i3-3240 Processor speed 4600.0MHz 3000.0MHz 2500.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 16.0MB 8.0MB 6.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Graphics Graphics Type SLI Integrated Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Intel HD graphics 4000 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 932.0GB 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Dimensions Width 9.0inches 5.0inches 21.7inches 23.12inches Depth 24.0inches 15.5inches 1.92inches 4.21inches Height 24.0inches 14.0inches 15.4inches 18.85inches Weight 18.0pounds 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive DVD Drive DVD Drive Storage Media Compact flash Yes SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11ac 802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11n Case Chassis style Tower Tower (Midsize) All-in-One All-in-One Display Touchscreen No Multitouch Multitouch Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 23.0inches 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Performance Product Type Subcategory Performance All in One All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 414 153 131 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 49.4 16.8 18.6 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 7173 2151 1906 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 4008 2593 2127 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 5816 2209 2412 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 38.1 99.1 148.8 114.3 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 46.2 209.2 335.2 176.5 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 207.4 227.7 280.5 217.6 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 125 192 169.5 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 159.6 240.8 308 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 17.5 5.6 6.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 123.4 32.4 36.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 34919 2600 3881 2627 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 164240 22917 36710 23984 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 10232 123 276 136 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 18149 282 555 300 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 164.5 30.9 47 32.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 65.3 0.8 0.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 94.4 12.5 13.5 14 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 306.6 15.4 26.6 16.1Specs Processor Processor type Intel Core i7-3770K Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 3500.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 16.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 32.0GB Graphics Graphics Type Switchable Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset nVidia GeForce GTX 660 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 Storage Drives included 2.0 2.0 Raid type none RAID 0 Drive size 2240.0GB Hard Drive Speed 5400RPM Drive type Hard Disk DriveSolid-State Drive Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Ports and Connections Available Interfaces Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8Audio - Side Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)DisplayPortHDMISATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Z77 Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Dimensions Width 8.1inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 20.0inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 20.4inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 18.0pounds Optical Drive Included Drives Blu-ray Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Display Touchscreen No Multitouch Included monitor All-in-One Display size 23.0inches Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Other Features Devices KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Performance Product Type Subcategory Performance Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 121 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 27.1 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 5730 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 3101 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 5445 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 45.6 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 224.7 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 119 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 193.6 240.8 159.6 308 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 209.2 46.2 335.2 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 8.2 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 66.6 32.4 123.4 36.4 Gaming 3DMark 11, 1280x720 Performancescore (higher is better) 6602 3DMark 11, 1920x1080 Extremescore (higher is better) 2195 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 58.8 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 99.8 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 132.1 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 2118.3 Civilization V, Late Game View, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 34.7 Civilization V, Late Game View, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 44.9 Civilization V, Late Game View, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 47.1 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 61.7 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 28.3 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 27.6 139.2 Dirt Showdown, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 77.9 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 140.7 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 282 18149 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 22917 164240 36710 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.5 94.4 13.5 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 TouchXPRT Beautify Photo Album Photos/sec (Higher is better) 1.93 Beautify Photo Album seconds (lower is better) 25.88 Prepare Photos for SharingCollages/sec (Higher is better) 0.75 Prepare Photos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 9.36 Convert Videos for SharingX (higher is better) 3 Convert Videos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 27.95 Export Podcast to MP3X (higher is better) 213.5 Export Podcast to MP3seconds (lower is better) 8.38 Create Slideshow from PhotosPhotos/sec (Higher is better) 5.06 Create Slideshow from Photosseconds (lower is better) 9.89Specs Processor Processor type Intel i7 3517u Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Intel Core i3-3120M Processor speed 1900.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 2500.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 8092.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 6.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 20.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1600 x 900pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD graphics 4000 Number of Graphic Cards included 1 3 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 750.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 19.85inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 21.7inches Depth 12.29inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 1.92inches Height 1.78inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 15.4inches Weight 11.46pounds 18.0pounds Storage Media SD card SD Memory Card Yes Yes Memory stick Memory Stick PRO Duo Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless Keyboard KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces BluetoothFast ethernetLine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0Wi-Fi Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 USB Yes Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Case Chassis style Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Overall Rating Worldbench Score 95 153 414 131 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 14 16.8 49.4 18.6 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1028 2151 7173 1906 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2460 2593 4008 2127 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 1467 2209 5816 2412 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 173.2 99.1 38.1 148.8 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 264.3 227.7 207.4 280.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 160 192 125 169.5 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 264.1 240.8 159.6 308 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 209.2 46.2 335.2 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 6.8 5.6 17.5 6.5 Idle power usageWatts 26.3 32.4 123.4 36.4 Power Battery Lifehh:mm 2:21 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 4278 2600 34919 3881 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 594 282 18149 555 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 281 123 10232 276 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 40333 22917 164240 36710 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 17.6 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 43 30.9 164.5 47 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 18 12.5 94.4 13.5 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 15.4 306.6 26.6 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 182.4 4.6 Product Type Subcategory Performance All in OneSpecs Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-3120M Intel Core i5 - 3330 Intel Core i7-4770K Core i3-3240 Processor speed 2500.0MHz 3000.0MHz 4600.0MHz 340.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 4 2 Memory Memory size 6.0MB 8.0MB 16.0MB 8.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Included monitor All-in-One All-in-One Display size 23.0inches 23.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch No Multitouch Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Integrated SLI Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD graphics 4000 Intel HD 2500 Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 Intel HD 2500 Number of Graphic Cards included 3 1 Graphics Memory 9.0GB Video Memory Type DDR3 DDR3 Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 932.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive 2 size 477.0GB Drive 2 type Solid-State Drive Drive 3 size 1024.0GB Drive 3 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 3 speed 7200RPM Drives included 2.0 Raid type RAID 0 Dimensions Width 21.7inches 5.0inches 9.0inches 23.12inches Depth 1.92inches 15.5inches 24.0inches 4.21inches Height 15.4inches 14.0inches 24.0inches 18.85inches Weight 18.0pounds 18.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive DVD Drive Blu-ray Reader DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamWireless KeyboardWireless Mouse KeyboardMouse Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamKeyboardMouse Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio - Microphone In (1/8HDMILine Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA Audio - Center/Bass Out (1/8Audio - Microphone In (1/8Audio - Rear Surround Out (1/8DVI (dual link)Digital OpticalDisplayPortHDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8PS/2 - KeyboardPS/2 - MouseSATA 2.0SATA 3.0USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine Out 1/8USB 2.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11nBluetooth 802.11ac 802.11b802.11g802.11n Case Chassis style All-in-One Tower (Midsize) Tower All-in-One Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Memory stick Yes Yes Yes XD picture card Yes Compact flash Yes Power Power Supply Wattage 1200watts Power Supply Manufacturer Corsair Power Supply Model AX1200i Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Intel Core Motherboard Model Maximus VI Extreme Motherboard Manufacturer ASUS Performance Product Type Subcategory All in One Performance All in One Overall Rating Worldbench Score 131 153 414 129 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 18.6 16.8 49.4 20.5 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1906 2151 7173 1245 Web Performance Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2127 2593 4008 2766 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testseconds (lower is better) 2412 2209 5816 2124 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 148.8 99.1 38.1 114.3 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 280.5 227.7 207.4 217.6 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 335.2 209.2 46.2 176.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 169.5 192 125 191 Encoding Audioseconds (lower is better) 308 240.8 159.6 227.6 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 6.5 5.6 17.5 6.7 Idle power usageWatts 36.4 32.4 123.4 33.2 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3881 2600 34919 2627 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 555 282 18149 300 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 276 123 10232 136 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 36710 22917 164240 23984 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 47 30.9 164.5 32.9 Crysis 3, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 13.5 12.5 94.4 14 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 4.6 182.4 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 26.6 15.4 306.6 16.1 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.8 65.3 0.9 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 110.2 Dirt Showdown, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 139.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 61.9 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 2560x1600Frames per second (higher is better) 132by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance This display isn't as accurate as some other ultra-wide displays we've tested, but it's also priced much lower than professional-grade monitors. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount.Specs Pricing Part Number G283H Display Antiglare 1 Contrast ratio 3000:1 8000000:1 Brightness 400.0lumens 440.0lumens Display size 24.0inches 27.0inches Pitch 0.27mm Horizontal viewing angle 178.0??? 178.0??? Vertical viewing angle 178.0??? 178.0??? Response time 6.0 6.0 Resolution 1920 x 1200pixels 2560 x 1440pixels Display type IPS Ports and Connections S-Video 1 VGA Yes Upstream USB ports 1 Downstream USB ports 3 Composite Yes HDMI 1 Headphone Jack No DVI-D 0 DVI-I 0 DVI Yes Audio Digital Optical No USB 0 Component Video Yes Available Interfaces DVI (dual link)DisplayPort 1.2HDMIVGA Green Energy and Ergonomic Standards Met EnergyStar Standby/Sleep Power Consumption 2.0 Maximum Power Consumption 110.0 Dimensions Width 22.0inches Depth 8.2inches Height 19.6inches Weight 21.7pounds 18.3pounds Sound Speaker Type No Performance Performance Text Score 83 Interface Tested Digital Graphics Score 80.2by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance Dell consistently produces great monitors, and the U2913WM is no exception, although we don't care for the Autocolor feature that "optimizes" the display for the currently active application. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance If you're in the market for a high-quality, large display, the Dell Ultrasharp U3014 is worth considering. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount.Specs Pricing Part Number KE289A8 Display Brightness 300.0lumens 440.0lumens Display size 22.0inches 27.0inches Contrast ratio 1000:1 8000000:1 Viewable size 22.0inches Aspect ratio 16:10 Pitch 0.282mm Horizontal viewing angle 178.0??? 178.0??? Vertical viewing angle 178.0??? 178.0??? Response time 6.0 6.0 Resolution 1680 x 1050pixels 2560 x 1440pixels Refresh rate 60.0Hz Display type IPS Green Energy Star compliant 1.0 Dimensions Width 14.8inches Depth 10.0inches Height 19.9inches Weight 18.7pounds 18.3pounds Warranty Warranty information 3 Year Limited Warranty Ports and Connections Available Interfaces DVI (dual link)DisplayPort 1.2HDMIVGASpecs Pricing Part Number FF621AA Inventory Number 50042 Display Gray scale light 252.0 Antiglare 0 Gray scale dark 6.0 Contrast ratio 1000:1 8000000:1 Brightness 400.0lumens 440.0lumens Display size 25.5inches 27.0inches Viewable size 25.5inches Aspect ratio 16:10 Pitch 0.287mm Horizontal viewing angle 160.0??? 178.0??? Vertical viewing angle 160.0??? 178.0??? Response time 3.0 6.0 Resolution 1920 x 1200pixels 2560 x 1440pixels Display type IPS Ports and Connections S-Video 0 VGA No Composite No HDMI 1 Headphone Jack No DVI-D 0 DVI-I 1 DVI No Audio Digital Optical No USB 1 Component Video No Available Interfaces DVI (dual link)DisplayPort 1.2HDMIVGA Green Energy Star compliant 1.0 Dimensions Width 20.2inches Depth 11.3inches Height 24.4inches Weight 22.0pounds 18.3pounds Sound Speaker Type Yes Warranty Warranty information 1 Year Limited Warranty Performance Performance Portrait Word Score Very Good Red Stuck Pixels 0 Black and White Bars Word Score Very Good White Screen Word Score Fair Black Dead Pixels 0 Blue Dead Pixels 1 Gray Scale Light 252 Red Dead Pixels 1 Black Screen Word Score Very Good Black Stuck Pixels 0 Green Dead Pixels 1 Picnic Word Score Very Good Multi-sized Fonts Word Score Good MacIDsNativeResolution Yes Motion Test Word Score Very Good Gray Scale Dark 6 White Dead Pixels 1 Viewable Angle Word Score Fair Blue Stuck Pixels 0 White Stuck Pixels 0 Green Stuck Pixels 0by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance LG's 29EA93P is stylish and it's equipped with pretty good speakers (for a monitor, that is). But for the price, we expect to see not just DisplayPort support, but support for DisplayPort 1.2 multistreaming. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance This is a very good display, but its controls are more difficult to use than they should be, and its viewing angles aren't as good as other IPS monitors we've evaluated. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount.Specs Pricing Part Number LCD3090WQXIBK Display Color depth 16.7 Million Colors (24-bit) Brightness 350.0lumens 440.0lumens Display size 29.8inches 27.0inches Contrast ratio 1000:1 8000000:1 Viewable size 29.8inches Aspect ratio 16:10 Pitch 0.251mm Horizontal viewing angle 178.0??? 178.0??? Vertical viewing angle 178.0??? 178.0??? Response time 6.0 6.0 Response time_B&W 12.0 Resolution 2560 x 1600pixels 2560 x 1440pixels Refresh rate 60.0Hz Display type IPS Green Energy Star compliant 1.0 Dimensions Width 27.1inches Depth 13.5inches Height 26.3inches Weight 40.7pounds 18.3pounds Warranty Warranty information 4 Year Limited Warranty Ports and Connections Available Interfaces DVI (dual link)DisplayPort 1.2HDMIVGAby by by by Pros Cons At A Glance This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount. This monitor is best suited for text and coding work, where its pivoting feature will be welcomed. It's not a good choice for applications such critical photo and video editing.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This monitor is best suited for text and coding work, where its pivoting feature will be welcomed. It's not a good choice for applications such critical photo and video editing.Specs Pricing Part Number 2493HM Inventory Number 31697 Display Antiglare 0 Panel manufacturer Samsung Contrast ratio 1000:1 8000000:1 Brightness 400.0lumens 440.0lumens Panel technology Twisted nematic Display size 24.0inches 27.0inches Horizontal viewing angle 160.0??? 178.0??? Vertical viewing angle 160.0??? 178.0??? Response time 5.0 6.0 Resolution 1920 x 1200pixels 2560 x 1440pixels Display type IPS Ports and Connections S-Video 0 VGA Yes Upstream USB ports 0 Downstream USB ports 0 Composite No HDMI 1 Headphone Jack Yes DVI-D 0 DVI-I 0 DVI Yes Audio Digital Optical No USB 0 Component Video No Available Interfaces DVI (dual link)DisplayPort 1.2HDMIVGA Green Energy and Ergonomic Standards Met EnergyStar Standby/Sleep Power Consumption 1.5 Maximum Power Consumption 100.0 Dimensions Width 22.3inches Depth 9.9inches Height 17.6inches Weight 18.7pounds 18.3pounds Sound Speaker Type Yes Performance Performance Text Score 82.2 Interface Tested Digital Graphics Score 81.3by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance ViewSonic's TD2340 is more expensive than other monitors in its class, but it delivers enough features and value to warrant the difference. It's not as full-featured as some others, but this display has the basics, and it produces a great-looking image. This is one of the best ultrawide displays we've tested, but it's also one of the most expensive. This stylish display features an MVA panel and it can pivot to portrait mode, but we wouldn't recommend using it for applications where color accuracy is paramount.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The Nook Simple Touch With GlowLight's built-in light makes it the best e-reader you can buy today. With a touchscreen and a row of physical buttons beneath the display, this e-reader takes a different approach from its competition. Though the Kindle Touch brings Amazon up to speed with other e-readers, its hardware and software offer little in the way of imagination and useful innovation. If you're already committed to Amazon but don't use any of the audio book features, this fourth-generation Kindle is a worthwhile upgrade over the third-generation Kindle for its featherlight weight and performance enhancements.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance Kobo's Android 2.3-based tablet offers a social-reading-focused, value-priced alternative to the big guns. This slim, lightweight e-reader is eminently pocketable and has a responsive touchscreen, but it lacks the finesse of its competition. The Kobo eReader's main appeal is to those who prefer ePub files; for now, this is the least expensive Wi-Fi-connected ePub-compatible model, and it handles the format well. E-reader is easy on the wallet, but expect to make compromises on performance and usability.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance With a touchscreen and a row of physical buttons beneath the display, this e-reader takes a different approach from its competition. The Nook Simple Touch With GlowLight's built-in light makes it the best e-reader you can buy today. Though the Kindle Touch brings Amazon up to speed with other e-readers, its hardware and software offer little in the way of imagination and useful innovation. If you're already committed to Amazon but don't use any of the audio book features, this fourth-generation Kindle is a worthwhile upgrade over the third-generation Kindle for its featherlight weight and performance enhancements.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance This slender keypad drive is secure and can handily be used with any operating system or device, but performance is subpar. AES 256-bit hardware encryption and keypad PIN entry nix software vulnerabilities with this secure flash drive. The CE Secure Vault FIPS offers hardware encryption, FIPS 140-2 Level 2 certification, manageability, and reasonable performance. This Lexar drive's Echo software is pretty, but limited to file backup; and the online backup component proved slightly problematic, for now.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The CE Secure Vault FIPS offers hardware encryption, FIPS 140-2 Level 2 certification, manageability, and reasonable performance. AES 256-bit hardware encryption and keypad PIN entry nix software vulnerabilities with this secure flash drive. This slender keypad drive is secure and can handily be used with any operating system or device, but performance is subpar. This Lexar drive's Echo software is pretty, but limited to file backup; and the online backup component proved slightly problematic, for now.Specs Pricing Part Number CMFSSD256GBG2D Storage Drive size 256.0GB General Features Form Factor 2.5-inch Ports and Connections Available Interfaces SATA-300 Serial ATA SATA-300 Performance PC World Test Center Interface tested SATA-300 Performance Firefox 2, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 204 Multitasking, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 223 Microsoft Office 2003 with SP-1, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 334 Primary Volume - Windows File Search 99.2 Internal Write - Large File 65.15 Internal Read - ACDSee 485 Test Version 2 Winzip Computing WinZip 10.0, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 161 Internal Write - Files and Folders 63.08 Autodesk 3ds max 8.0 SP-3 Rendering, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 237 WorldBench 6 Score, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 139 Primary Volume - Virus Scan 30.19 Internal Read - WinZip 306 Nero 7 Ultra Edition, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 199 Adobe Photoshop CS2, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 317 Internal Read - Ahead Nero Burning 244 Autodesk 3ds max 8.0 SP-3 DirectX, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 324 Microsoft Windows Media Encoder 9.0, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 171 Roxio VideoWave Movie Creator 1.5, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) 167 Internal Performance, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) Copy Files & Folders Read, 3.68 GBseconds 26.5 Copy Files & Folders Write, 3.68 GBseconds 25 Copy Large File Read, 3.68 GBseconds 21.6 Copy Large File Write, 3.68 GBseconds 22.1 Install OpenOffice.org 3.1seconds 20.3 Uninstall OpenOffice.org 3.1seconds 12.8 Malware Scanseconds 307.7 System Power, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) Copy Files & Folders Read, 3.68 GBwatts 83.2 Copy Files & Folders Write, 3.68 GBwatts 84 Copy Large File Read, 3.68 GBwatts 80.3 Copy Large File Write, 3.68 GBwatts 82.6 Install OpenOffice.org 3.1watts 89.4 Uninstall OpenOffice.org 3.1watts 95.6 Malware Scanwatts 98.5 System Idle Statewatts 67 System Sleep Statewatts 67.3 System Work Statewatts 94.5by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance A versatile external 2.5-inch, 1TB drive with tons of connectivity, including a Wi-Fi hotspot. But Corsair needs to improve its media-streaming features. The Extreme II series carries an excellent price/performance ratio and a strong five-year warranty. This super-thin (5mm Z height) hard drive could help PC manufacturers build thinner models. It could also bring big capacity to tablet designs. An outstanding overall performer with an unusual (for consumers, at least) warranty.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance If you're not insisting on absolute bleeding-edge performance, the HyperX 3K is easily one of the best deals going for an SSD. The Extreme II series carries an excellent price/performance ratio and a strong five-year warranty. This super-thin (5mm Z height) hard drive could help PC manufacturers build thinner models. It could also bring big capacity to tablet designs. An outstanding overall performer with an unusual (for consumers, at least) warranty.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance This secure hard drive's exponentially larger capacity and high-flying USB 3.0 performance makes it a better value than secure flash drives. The Extreme II series carries an excellent price/performance ratio and a strong five-year warranty. This super-thin (5mm Z height) hard drive could help PC manufacturers build thinner models. It could also bring big capacity to tablet designs. An outstanding overall performer with an unusual (for consumers, at least) warranty.by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The OCZ Vertex 4 currently sits at the sweet spot for SSDs: It's very fast and relatively affordable, and it has 16GB more capacity than many of its competitors. The Extreme II series carries an excellent price/performance ratio and a strong five-year warranty. This super-thin (5mm Z height) hard drive could help PC manufacturers build thinner models. It could also bring big capacity to tablet designs. An outstanding overall performer with an unusual (for consumers, at least) warranty.Specs Storage Drive size 250.0GB 2000.0GB 500.0GB Hard Drive Speed 7200RPM 7200RPM Drive type External External Desktop External Ports and Connections Available Interfaces USB 2.0 FireWire 400FireWire 800USB 2.0 FireWire 400FireWire 800USB 2.0eSATA USB 2.0 Yes Yes Yes Firewire FireWire 400FireWire 800 FireWire 400FireWire 800 Serial ATA eSATA Hardware Installation Kit Hardware USB cable, carrying case, security dongles. General Features File System(s) Supported NTFS FAT16FAT32HFSHFS+NTFS FAT32HFS+ Form Factor 3.5-inch Bus Powered 0 0 Warranty Warranty information 1 Year Warranty information 1 Year Pricing Part Number G409S2CB G222K6R1 Performance PC World Test Center Interface tested USB 2.0 External Performance, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) Copy Files Read, 3.68 GBseconds 133.9 Copy Files & Folders Write, 3.68 GBseconds 150.9 Copy Large File Read, 3.68 GBseconds 122.3 Copy Large File Write, 3.68 GBseconds 121.4 Install OpenOffice.org 3.1seconds 59.5 Uninstall OpenOffice.org 3.1seconds 99.3 Malware Scanseconds 503.5 System Power, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) Copy Files & Folders Read, 3.68 GBwatts 87.3 Copy Files & Folders Write, 3.68 GBwatts 86.9 Copy Large File Read, 3.68 GBwatts 86.7 Copy Large File Write, 3.68 GBwatts 87.6 Install OpenOffice.org 3.1watts 88.7 Uninstall OpenOffice.org 3.1watts 86.2 Malware Scanwatts 99.3 System Idle Statewatts 82.7 System Sleep Statewatts 82.2 System Work Statewatts 92.3by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance The Samsung 840 Pro is currently the fastest consumer SSD on the market. You pay a bit more for it, but you always pay more for the best. The Extreme II series carries an excellent price/performance ratio and a strong five-year warranty. This super-thin (5mm Z height) hard drive could help PC manufacturers build thinner models. It could also bring big capacity to tablet designs. An outstanding overall performer with an unusual (for consumers, at least) warranty.Specs Pricing Part Number ST95005620AS Storage Drive size 500.0GB 500.0GB Hard Drive Speed 7200RPM 5400RPM Drive type External Ports and Connections Available Interfaces USB 2.0 USB 2.0 Yes Included Software Included Software Seagate BlackArmor Backup for Windows Hardware Installation Kit Hardware USB cable Warranty Warranty information 5 Years Warranty information 5 Years Performance External Performance, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) Copy Files Read, 3.68 GBseconds 58.8 148 Copy Files & Folders Write, 3.68 GBseconds 71.9 157.4 Copy Large File Read, 3.68 GBseconds 47.9 135.3 Copy Large File Write, 3.68 GBseconds 43.8 128.7 Malware Scanseconds 383.4 530 Install OpenOffice.org 3.1seconds 59 Uninstall OpenOffice.org 3.1seconds 87.7 System Power, Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate (64 bit) Copy Files & Folders Read, 3.68 GBwatts 89.8 86.6 Copy Files & Folders Write, 3.68 GBwatts 88.3 85.4 Copy Large File Read, 3.68 GBwatts 89.9 85.6 Copy Large File Write, 3.68 GBwatts 91.9 86.3 Malware Scanwatts 105.1 98 System Idle Statewatts 84.4 81.9 System Sleep Statewatts 83.9 81.7 System Work Statewatts 97.2 91.1 Install OpenOffice.org 3.1watts 87.1 Uninstall OpenOffice.org 3.1watts 84.8 PC World Test Center Interface tested USB 2.0by by by by Pros Cons At A Glance If looks aren't paramount, you'd be hard pressed to find a better portable drive than the My Passport. It has plenty of capacity and top-notch performance. The Extreme II series carries an excellent price/performance ratio and a strong five-year warranty. This super-thin (5mm Z height) hard drive could help PC manufacturers build thinner models. It could also bring big capacity to tablet designs. An outstanding overall performer with an unusual (for consumers, at least) warranty.Specs Pricing UPC Code 887899129728 Processor Processor type Intel Core i5-4200U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1600.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 4.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 15.6inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen No Yes Yes Yes Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 500.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Dimensions Width 15.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 1.0inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 10.0inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight 4.6pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Weight with Accessories 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 146 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 4:00 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 11 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1635 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2442 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 1515 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 178.9 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 2.2 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 6.1 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 281 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 354.4 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 193 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 288.6 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 4078 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 582 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 275 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 15522 15656 15968 162 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 46.3 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 17.5 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 25 58.4 24.6 76.5 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 887899153228 Processor Processor type Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1600.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 8.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 15.6inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Yes Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4400 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 500.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Power Battery Type Lithium Polymer Battery Lithium Ion Battery Dimensions Width 15.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 10.1inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 0.7inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight with Accessories 5.75pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 4.9pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0VGA HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 143 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 7:11 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 13.2 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1005 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2491 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 1516 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 164 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 3.7 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 11.5 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 271.4 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 170 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 148 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 290 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 4649 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 683 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 324 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 43071 15656 15968 162 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 59.6 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 24.1 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 32.5 58.4 24.6 76.5 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 886227338436 Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-3217U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1800.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 4096.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 11.6inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics 4000 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Hard Drive Speed 5400RPM Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Ports and Connections Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Dimensions Width 12.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 7.8inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 0.9inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight with Accessories 3.4pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 3.1pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Sound Speakers Stereo Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Touchpad (multitouch) Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 33 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 3:20 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 22.1 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 646 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 1491 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 1450 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 231.2 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 3 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 8.7 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 615.7 196.9 5351 307.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 371 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 426.9 222.2 279.8 251.3 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 111.1 108.5 Gaming 3DMark 11, 1280x720 Performancescore (higher is better) 317 Civilization V, Leader Benchmark, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 316.4 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 5 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14.1 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 15656 15968 162 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 58.4 24.6 76.5 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8 TouchXPRT Beautify Photo Album Photos/sec (Higher is better) 0.69 Beautify Photo Album seconds (lower is better) 71.96 Prepare Photos for SharingCollages/sec (Higher is better) 0.27 Prepare Photos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 25.77 Convert Videos for SharingX (higher is better) 4 Convert Videos for Sharingseconds (lower is better) 21.2 Export Podcast to MP3X (higher is better) 65.1 Export Podcast to MP3seconds (lower is better) 27.48 Create Slideshow from PhotosPhotos/sec (Higher is better) 1.76 Create Slideshow from Photosseconds (lower is better) 28.34Specs Pricing UPC Code 886227425129 Processor Processor type Intel i5 3317u Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1700.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 2 2 Requirements Operating System Compatibility Microsoft Windows 8 Memory Memory size 6000.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 8.0GB Display Display size 15.6inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Display type LCD with LED backlighting IPS Touchscreen Multitouch Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 16:9 Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 24.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 2 size 500.0GB 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM 5400RPM Drives included 2.0 Drive size 524.0GB Hard Drive Speed 5400RPM Drive type Hard Disk DriveSolid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Battery Battery Type Lithium Polymer Charging Interface Proprietary Connector Dimensions Width 15.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 10.4inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 0.9inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight 5.7pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Weight with Accessories 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Storage Media SD card SD Card Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In Webcam Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 100 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 3:22 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 14.6 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1072 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2109 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 434 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 181.6 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 4.2 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 13.5 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 269.4 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 337.5 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 173 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 301.5 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3824 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 520 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 253 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 38842 15656 15968 162 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.1 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 40.6 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.4 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 27.035 58.4 24.6 76.5 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 884116127505 Processor Processor type Intel Core i3-2375m Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1500.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 2 2 Requirements Operating System Compatibility Microsoft Windows 7 Memory Memory size 4096.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 13.0inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Display type LCD Display IPS Touchscreen No Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 16:9 Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 3000 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 320.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Battery Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Lithium Ion Battery Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Professional Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices KeyboardTouchpad Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio Output Audio - 1/8 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Dimensions Width 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight with Accessories 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 64 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 5:13 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 49.5 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 932 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 1015 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 266 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 284.2 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 4.9 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 19 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 460.9 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 609.8 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 314.5 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 528.8 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 1922 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 100 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 46 507 250 684 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 25.7 67.1 27.2 70.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14.4 58.4 24.6 76.5 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 15656 15968 162 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing Part Number SPFCU772001 UPC Code 611343091428 Processor Processor type Intel Core i5 Intel Core i7-4500U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Processor speed 1800.0MHz 1800.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz Cache size 3.0KB Processor count 2 Number of Cores 2 4 2 Memory Memory size 4000.0MB 12.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory max 4.0GB Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 14.0inches 15.0inches 15.6inches 13.3inches Display type Glossy LCD with LED Backlight IPS Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Storage Drives included 2.0 Other storage SD/MMC CardSDHC CardSDXC Card Drive 1 size 22.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Battery Vendor Rated Battery life 7.0hours Ports and Connections SD/MMC Card 1 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps MultiMedia Card (MMC) or MultiMediaCard (MMC) Yes Available Interfaces Bluetooth HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 SDXC Card or Secure Digital Extended Capacity (SDXC) 1 SDHC Card or Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) 1 Wireless connection 802.11 n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Video Interfaces HDMI Slots SD/MMC CardSDHC CardSDXC Card Dimensions Width 12.9inches 15.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches Depth 8.9inches 10.0inches 9.87inches 8.5inches Height 0.7inches 0.83inches 1.18inches 0.68inches Weight with Accessories 3.7pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 3.1pounds 4.6pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds Included Software Included Software Roxio Creator LJ; Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Professional Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint Reader Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Keyboard (backlit)Touchpad (multitouch) Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Nvidia GT 750M Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 97 246 295 274 Worldbench Version 7 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 6:06 5:02 3:19 6:14 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 24.4 13.8 16.2 11.9 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1927 2331 3021 2751 Web Browsing Web PerformanceFrames per second (higher is better) 12 Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2642 3123 2458 Storage Performance File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 529.8 159.3 131 149.8 Hard Drive File Operationsseconds (lower is better) 613.1 PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 3614 4356 5480 Power Usage WorldBench Green Score 87 Working power usageWatt hours 2.7 3.6 4.8 2 Idle power usageWatts 8.3 12.4 16.3 9 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 221.3 307.5 196.9 5351 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 210.3 136.5 132.5 208 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 144.9 251.3 222.2 279.8 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 108.5 111.1 Gaming Gaming Score 71 Crysis 2, High Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 8.9 Crysis 2, High Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 16.8 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 12.3 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 23.6 Dirt 3, High Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.9 Dirt 3, High Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 22.6 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 33.3 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 41.9 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 6429 7014 3934 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 1390 1037 542 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 684 507 250 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 162 15656 15968 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 70.2 67.1 27.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5.8 2.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 33.1 36.3 12.6 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.2 9.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 76.5 58.4 24.6Specs Pricing UPC Code 887758173299 Processor Processor type Intel Atom z2760 Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1800.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 2 2 Requirements Operating System Compatibility Microsoft Windows 8 Memory Memory size 2048.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 10.1inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:10 16:9 16:9 Resolution 1280 x 800pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel GMA Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 62.6GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Ports and Connections Available Interfaces Dock HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Audio Output Audio - 1/8 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Dimensions Width 0.36inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 10.25inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 7.0inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight with Accessories 3.5pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 1.625pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Storage Media SD card Micro SD Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamDocking Station Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Touch Screen Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Performance Product Type Subcategory Ultra Portable Overall Performance Worldbench Score 43 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 7:22 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 17 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 612 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 436 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 535 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 563.3 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 3.2 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 6.8 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 1076.6 196.9 5351 307.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 703.5 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 1405.5 222.2 279.8 251.3 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 111.1 108.5 Gaming 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 3502 15656 15968 162 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 507 250 684 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 58.4 24.6 76.5 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 887758517574 Processor Processor type AMD A4-1250 APU Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1000.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 4.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1333.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 11.6inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 16:9 Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset AMD HD 8210 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 500.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Lithium Ion Battery Dimensions Width 11.4inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 8.5inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 0.86inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight with Accessories 4.1pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 3.4pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0VGA HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 64 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 5:06 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 24.5 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 348 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 456 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 1413 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 703.3 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 4.1 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 8.6 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 1075 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 1651.3 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 624.5 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 1103.4 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 1200 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 197 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 75 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 14190 15656 15968 162 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14.1 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 3.7 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 13.3 58.4 24.6 76.5 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 887619779875 Processor Processor type Intel Core i5-3230M Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 2600.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 2 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 6.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 14.0inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Yes Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD Graphics Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 1000.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Hard Disk Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 7200RPM 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Ports and Connections Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 2.0USB 3.0VGA HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Dimensions Width 13.58inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 1.14inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 9.6inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight 5.29pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Weight with Accessories 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Optical Drive Included Drives DVD Drive Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad (Multitouch) Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 132 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 3:37 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 24.4 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1000 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2573 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 1391 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 191.4 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 4.9 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 14.8 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 250.2 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 311.7 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 166 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 247.5 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3072 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 366 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 164 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 34711 15656 15968 162 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 36.2 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 14.5 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 18.4 58.4 24.6 76.5 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 2.2 5.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 887276979410 Processor Processor type Intel Core i5-3337u Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 1800.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 2 2 Requirements Operating System Compatibility Microsoft Windows 8 Memory Memory size 4096.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 13.3inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Display type IPS IPS Touchscreen Multitouch Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 16:9 Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 128.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drives included 1.0 Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Battery Battery Type Lithium ion Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Lithium Ion Battery Motherboard Motherboard Chipset Samsung NP740U3E-A01UB Dimensions Width 12.76inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 8.62inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 0.74inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight with Accessories 4.0pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 3.5pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Storage Media SD card SD Card Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Touch ScreenTouchpad Ports and Connections Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Available Interfaces BluetoothHDMIUSB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11ac802.11g802.11n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Performance Product Type Subcategory Ultra Portable Overall Performance Worldbench Score 298 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 6:03 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 9.2 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 4112 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2169 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 4727 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 143.4 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 2.8 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 18.5 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 326.7 111.1 108.5 Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 261 196.9 5351 307.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 200 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 289.5 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3301 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 27169 15656 15968 162 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 223 507 250 684 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 455 1037 542 1390 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 34.4 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 0.6 2.2 5.8 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 6.4 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 3.7 9.2 13.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 20.9 58.4 24.6 76.5Specs Pricing Part Number VPCF233FXB UPC Code 027242835580 Processor Processor type Intel Core i7 Intel Core i7-4500U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Processor speed 2200.0MHz 1800.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz Cache size 6.0KB Processor count 4 Number of Cores 2 4 2 Memory Memory size 4000.0MB 12.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1333.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 8.0GB Display Display size 16.4inches 15.0inches 15.6inches 13.3inches Display type Matte LCD with LED Backlight IPS Resolution 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Storage Drives included 1.0 Drive size 640.0GB Hard Drive Speed 7200RPM Other storage SD/MMC CardSDHC Card Drive type Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 size 22.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Battery Vendor Rated Battery life 4.5hours Ports and Connections SD/MMC Card 1 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Firewire 1 MultiMedia Card (MMC) or MultiMediaCard (MMC) Yes Available Interfaces Bluetooth HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 SDHC Card or Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) 1 Wireless connection 802.11 n/b/g 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Video Interfaces HDMIVGA Slots SD/MMC CardSDHC Card Dimensions Width 15.6inches 15.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches Depth 10.6inches 10.0inches 9.87inches 8.5inches Height 2.0inches 0.83inches 1.18inches 0.68inches Weight with Accessories 8.3pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 6.7pounds 4.6pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds Sound Speakers Stereo Included Software Included Software ArcSoft Webcam Suite; Corel WinDVD BD; Skype; Sony: ACID Music Studio 8.0, Media Go, Vegas Movie Studio HD Platinum q0 Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Other Features Devices Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Keyboard (backlit)Touchpad (multitouch) Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Nvidia GT 750M Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Storage Media SD card Yes Yes Performance Overall Performance WorldBench 6 Score 117 Worldbench Score 246 295 274 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 3:22 5:02 3:19 6:14 Office Productivity Web Browsingseconds (lower is better) 246 Office Suite Useseconds (lower is better) 344 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 187 PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 2331 3021 2751 Power Usage Idle power usageWatts 20.7 12.4 16.3 9 Sleep power usageWatt hours 1.3 Off power usageWatt hours 1 Working power usageWatt hours 3.6 4.8 2 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 331 307.5 196.9 5351 GPU Graphics Renderingseconds (lower is better) 302 CPU Graphics Renderingseconds (lower is better) 220 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 456 136.5 132.5 208 DVD Burningseconds (lower is better) 295 Video Editingseconds (lower is better) 174 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 108.5 111.1 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 251.3 222.2 279.8 Multitasking World Bench 6 Multitasking 330 Gaming Unreal Tournament 3, Medium, 800 by 600Frames per second (higher is better) 152.7 Unreal Tournament 3, Medium, 1024 by 768Frames per second (higher is better) 122.8 Unreal Tournament 3, Medium, 1680 by 1050Frames per second (higher is better) 64.2 Unreal Tournament 3, Highest, 800 by 600Frames per second (higher is better) 120.5 Unreal Tournament 3, Highest, 1024 by 768Frames per second (higher is better) 101.7 Unreal Tournament 3, Highest, 1680 by 1050Frames per second (higher is better) 53.6 Far Cry 2, High Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 46.3 Far Cry 2, High Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 37.9 Far Cry 2, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 21.1 Far Cry 2, Low Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 76.7 Far Cry 2, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 66 Far Cry 2, Low Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 40.8 Dirt 2, High Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 50.7 Dirt 2, High Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 40.6 Dirt 2, High Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 23 Dirt 2, Low Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 126.7 Dirt 2, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 99.5 Dirt 2, Low Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 50.2 Dirt 2, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 22.7 Far Cry 2, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 18.9 Stalker 2, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.9 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 6429 7014 3934 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 1390 1037 542 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 684 507 250 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 162 15656 15968 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 70.2 67.1 27.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5.8 2.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 33.1 36.3 12.6 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.2 9.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 76.5 58.4 24.6 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 13.8 16.2 11.9 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2642 3123 2458 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 3614 4356 5480 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 159.3 131 149.8Specs Pricing UPC Code 022265462355 Processor Processor type Intel Core i7-3537U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 2000.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 2 2 Requirements Operating System Compatibility Microsoft Windows 8 Memory Memory size 8000.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 8.0GB Display Display size 13.3inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Multitouch Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 16:9 Resolution 2560 x 1440pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4000 Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Nvidia GT 750M Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Storage Drive 1 size 256.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB 22.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Battery Battery Type Lithium Polymer Charging Interface Proprietary Connector Vendor Rated Battery life 6.0hours Ports and Connections Available Interfaces HDMIUSB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 Wireless connection 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps Dimensions Width 12.44inches 14.94inches 12.68inches 15.0inches Depth 8.15inches 9.87inches 8.5inches 10.0inches Height 0.7inches 1.18inches 0.68inches 0.83inches Weight 2.97pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds 4.6pounds Weight with Accessories 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Storage Media SD card Micro SDMini SD CardSD CardSDHC CardSDXC Card Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Microsoft Windows 8 Home Other Features Devices Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In Microphone Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Touch Screen Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 284 295 274 246 Worldbench Version 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 5:14 3:19 6:14 5:02 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 10.5 16.2 11.9 13.8 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 2834 3021 2751 2331 Web Browsing Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2326 3123 2458 2642 Storage Performance PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 4655 4356 5480 3614 File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 116.3 131 149.8 159.3 Power Usage Working power usageWatt hours 2.3 4.8 2 3.6 Idle power usageWatts 8.6 16.3 9 12.4 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 227.3 196.9 5351 307.5 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 160.9 111.1 108.5 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 154.5 132.5 208 136.5 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 249.4 222.2 279.8 251.3 Gaming 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 3915 7014 3934 6429 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 563 1037 542 1390 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 265 507 250 684 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 31636 15656 15968 162 Civilization V, Late Game View, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5 Civilization V, Late Game View, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.3 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 40.6 67.1 27.2 70.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 1.5 2.2 5.8 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 16.8 36.3 12.6 33.1 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 9.2 13.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 58.4 24.6 76.5Specs Pricing Part Number PSBY5U03N01P UPC Code 883974982363 Processor Processor type Intel Core i5 Intel Core i7-4500U Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Processor speed 2500.0MHz 1800.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz Cache size 3.0KB Processor count 2 Number of Cores 2 4 2 Memory Memory size 6000.0MB 12.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1333.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Memory max 8.0GB Display Display size 17.3inches 15.0inches 15.6inches 13.3inches Display type Glossy LCD with LED Backlight IPS Resolution 1600 x 900pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Storage Drives included 1.0 Drive size 640.0GB Hard Drive Speed 7200RPM Other storage Memory StickSD/MMC CardSDHC CardxD-Picture Card Drive type Hard Disk Drive Drive 1 size 22.0GB 1000.0GB 128.0GB Drive 1 type Solid-State Drive Hard Disk Drive Solid-State Drive Drive 2 size 1000.0GB Drive 2 type Hard Disk Drive Drive 2 speed 5400RPM Drive 1 speed 5400RPM Battery Vendor Rated Battery life 4.87hours Ports and Connections SD/MMC Card 1 Ethernet Type 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps 10/100/1000 Mbps MultiMedia Card (MMC) or MultiMediaCard (MMC) Yes Available Interfaces Bluetooth HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8Mini DisplayPortUSB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 2.0USB 3.0 HDMILine In 1/8Line Out 1/8USB 3.0 SDHC Card or Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) 1 Wireless connection 802.11 n 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth 802.11a802.11b802.11g802.11nBluetooth Video Interfaces HDMIVGA Slots Memory StickSD/MMC CardSDHC CardxD-Picture Card Dimensions Width 16.3inches 15.0inches 14.94inches 12.68inches Depth 10.8inches 10.0inches 9.87inches 8.5inches Height 2.3inches 0.83inches 1.18inches 0.68inches Weight with Accessories 9.8pounds 6.9pounds 2.9pounds Weight 7.5pounds 4.6pounds 5.62pounds 2.34pounds Sound Speakers Stereo Storage Media Memory stick Memory Stick SD card Yes Yes Included Software Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Home Microsoft Windows 8 Pro Other Features Docking Station Port No Devices Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In Webcam Backlit KeyboardBuilt-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamFingerprint ReaderTouchpad Built-In MicrophoneBuilt-In WebcamTouchpad Input devices Keyboard (backlit)Touchpad (multitouch) Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable Integrated Primary Graphics Chipset Nvidia GT 750M Nvidia Geforce GT 740m Intel HD 4400 Graphics Memory 2.0GB 2.0GB Secondary Graphics Chipset Intel HD 4600 Power Battery Type Lithium Ion Battery Performance Overall Performance Worldbench Score 82 246 295 274 Worldbench Version 7 8.1 8.1 8.1 Battery Battery Life(hh:mm) 4:30 5:02 3:19 6:14 Start Up Start Upseconds (lower is better) 36.4 13.8 16.2 11.9 Office Productivity PCMark 7 Productivity Suitescore (higher is better) 1445 2331 3021 2751 Web Browsing Web PerformanceFrames per second (higher is better) 12.6 Peacekeeperscore (higher is better) 2642 3123 2458 Storage Performance File Compressionseconds (lower is better) 540 159.3 131 149.8 Hard Drive File Operationsseconds (lower is better) 526.2 PCMark 7 Storage Testscore (higher is better) 3614 4356 5480 Power Usage WorldBench Green Score 72 Working power usageWatt hours 5.7 3.6 4.8 2 Idle power usageWatts 13.7 12.4 16.3 9 Content Creation Image Editingseconds (lower is better) 203.4 307.5 196.9 5351 Video Encodingseconds (lower is better) 189.3 136.5 132.5 208 Audio Encodingseconds (lower is better) 137.4 251.3 222.2 279.8 Image Editing - GPU Acceleratedseconds (lower is better) 108.5 111.1 Gaming Gaming Score 69 Crysis 2, High Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 45.8 Crysis 2, High Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 64.4 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 66.6 Crysis 2, Low Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 78.5 Dirt 3, High Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 79.7 Dirt 3, High Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 101 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 1366x768Frames per second (higher is better) 123.5 Dirt 3, Low Quality, 800x600Frames per second (higher is better) 127 3DMark, Cloud Gatescore (higher is better) 6429 7014 3934 3DMark, Firestrikescore (higher is better) 1390 1037 542 3DMark, Firestrike Extremescore (higher is better) 684 507 250 3DMark, Ice Stormscore (higher is better) 162 15656 15968 Dirt Showdown, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 70.2 67.1 27.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 5.8 2.2 Crysis 3, Ultra Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 33.1 36.3 12.6 Bioshock Infinite, Ultra Quality, 1920x1080Frames per second (higher is better) 13.2 9.2 Bioshock Infinite, Low Quality, 1024x768Frames per second (higher is better) 76.5 58.4 24.6Specs Pricing UPC Code 022265517079 Processor Processor type AMD A6-5200 APU Intel Core i7 - 4700MQ Intel Core i5 - 4200U Intel Core i7-4500U Processor speed 2000.0MHz 2400.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1800.0MHz Number of Cores 4 4 2 2 Memory Memory size 6.0MB 8.0MB 4.0MB 12.0MB Memory type DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 DDR3 Memory speed 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz 1600.0MHz Display Display size 15.6inches 15.6inches 13.3inches 15.0inches Touchscreen Yes Yes Yes Yes Resolution 1366 x 768pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels 1920 x 1080pixels Aspect ratio 16:9 16:9 Display type IPS Graphics Graphics Type Integrated Switchable

Post par Х `ƥå   le 2013-10-05(22:57:46)

one-page copy times were the fastest for a business inkjet MFP that we've seen, though we did notice a slowdown via wireless occasionally.Output is first-class most of the way. Text appears black, smooth, and precise, even with closely spaced fonts. Color graphics have the infamous (but slight) Epson pinkish cast to them, but are generally very nice. Monochrome graphics are exceptional, with only the darkest areas rendered a tad muddy. Color scans are good, if a bit fuzzy, while line-art scans exhibit a fair number of distortions--call them fair.Ink costs for the WorkForce Pro WP-4540 are quite low, far cheaper than with low-end inkjet MFPs, but in line with other business inkjet MFPs. The unit's regular 676XL black ink cartridge lasts for approximately 2400 pages, yet costs only $38.49--a mere 1.6 cents per page. The 676XL cyan, magenta, and yellow cartridges cost $24.49 apiece and last for 1200 pages, or just over 2 cents per page. A four-color page costs 7.6 cents. Note: The WP-4540 ships with 1000-page black and 900-page color starter cartridges.If you read the product overview section on the company's website, you'll see that the WorkForce Pro WP-4540 is rated for a 20,000-page monthly duty cycle. Dig into the notes on the Specifications tab, however, and you'll discover that the printer is actually meant to handle 1600 pages per month--the recommended duty cycle. To be fair, this is a universal discrepancy among printers.The WorkForce Pro WP-4540 gets the job done quickly and cheaply, and it has the largest standard capacity in the field. That said, the equally fast and inexpensive-to-operate is $100 cheaper and supports legal-size documents, though it's less capacious (250 sheets). The like-priced ($399) is another viable legal-size contender, but it too holds less paper (300 sheets).Editor's note: This review was corrected to indicate that the unit's two main input trays do, indeed, take both letter- and legal-size paper. PCWorld regrets the error.Epson WorkForce Pro WP-4590 Review: Low-Cost Corporate Laser Alternative The Epson WorkForce Pro WP-4590 works quickly and uses cheap ink, but it isn't available through normal retail channels. It's aimed at large businesses that value service and a low total cost of ownership over a low purchase price. Priced at $500 (as of August 13, 2012), the WP-4590 comes with a three-year warranty and is sold only through VARs and other corporate channels. Consumers who are tired of PIB (Printers in Black) might also appreciate this unit's friendlier putty and light-gray coloring.Accompanying the WP-4590 are the usual competent Epson software and driver installation routine. Since the machine has USB and ethernet, but no Wi-Fi (a bow to security concerns, per Epson), you will be tethered. The control panel sports a 2.5-inch LCD and the usual array of buttons, arranged in a classic and logical manner. If you've ever used an MFP before, you will encounter no learning curve here. The software includes Epson Scan for scanning and PaperPort 9 for OCR chores.Paper-handling features on the WP-4590 are quite good. It has a 250-sheet tray on the bottom and an 80-sheet rear vertical feed. If that's not enough, you can buy an auxiliary 250-sheet bottom tray for a mere $100. For a laser printer you'd pay at least twice as much for such an accessory. Having the rear feed is especially nice for photos, since it permits the MFP to process heavier glossy paper with minimal bending. The rear feed also allows you to keep two types of paper loaded.The WP-4590 has a 30-sheet automatic document feeder for scanning and copying longer documents, and it scans in duplex (via a refeed, not with dual-scanning elements). The lid for the letter/A4-size flatbed scanner telescopes about half an inch to accommodate thicker materials. The WP-4590 also supports automatic duplex printing.The WorkForce Pro WP-4590 is the fastest inkjet we've tested recently, narrowly edging out its consumer-oriented cousin. Monochrome pages print at 12.6 pages per minute on the PC and 12.1 ppm on the Mac. Snapshot-size (4-by-6-inch) photos print at 6.2 ppm to plain paper and 1.7 ppm to glossy photo paper. Full page photos print at 0.7 ppm, and copies proceed into the output bin at 6.4 ppm.The corporate-oriented WP-4590 may be pricier than , but its ink costs are outstandingly low. The unit ships with starter cartridges: a 1000-page black, and 900-page cyan, magenta, and yellow. The 676XL retail replacements are $38.49 for the 2400-page black and $24.49 for the 1200-page cyan, magenta, and yellow cartridges. That works out to 1.6 cents per page for black, and 6.1 cents per page total for color. A four-color page would cost a bargain 7.7 cents. The extra-high-capacity 711XXL cartridges listed on Epson's website are slated to be available only through commercial channels rather than retail. Based on the suggested pricing that Epson provided to us, black will cost 1.6 cents per page and each color will cost 1.7 cents per page, for an even lower four-color cost of 6.8 cents per page.In our tests, output from the WP-4590 was typical Epson??that is to say, quite good. Text appeared sharp and black, and very close (though not quite equal to) laser output when we used its highest-quality setting. Color graphics were good, looking a tad washed out on plain paper, but coolly accurate when we switched to glossy photo paper. Of course, as an inkjet, the WP-4590 is capable of handling thicker photo papers.Epson rates the WP-4590 for 1650 pages per month. That's the recommended number, not the industry's absurd duty-cycle rating, which people generally ignore these days. Still, 1650 pages is a fair amount of printing.The Epson WorkForce Pro WP-4590 is a nice, inexpensive alternative to a low-end color laser MFP for smaller corporate workgroups. It's fast enough for most scenarios, supply costs are outstandingly low, and its long warranty is better than what you??ll get from a comparably priced laser.Founded in 1982 by VESA FDMI standard author and visionary Harry Sweere, Ergotron is a global manufacturer of digital display mounting and mobility products, headquartered in Saint Paul, Minnesota, with sales efforts in Amersfoort, the Netherlands, and Singapore. Ergotron's products have been improving the human interface with digital displays for over 25 years. Our history of innovation and passion for differentiation is evidenced in over 37 patents and our growing portfolio of award winning products for computer monitors, notebooks, and large flat panel displays and T.V.s Ergotron products enhance computing wellness, improve workplace productivity and create business process efficiencies, wherever and whenever they're used. Incorporating Ergotron's Constant Force lift and pivot motion technology, wall and desk mount arms, stands, mobile carts, pivots and vertical lifts require less effort to achieve more ergonomic motion, improving the user's experience when viewing any digital display for work or entertainment. Corporate Website :Industries in every sector are feeling the pressure to reduce their impact on the environment. This pressure is coming for North American manufacturers. This pressure is not only coming from investors and customers but also from government regulations. These regulations place new demands on manufacturers to track the impact their operations and products have on the environment, specifically at the end of the products lifecycle.This whitepaper addresses the various drivers for the green supply chain trend, shares important considerations for satisfying a green supply chain initiative of a customer or initiating your own green supply chain initiative, and discusses the role of enterprise software like enterprise resources planning (ERP) in keeping pace with this industry trend.The end of support date for Windows XP?April 8, 2014 is rapidly approaching, after which the potential for security vulnerabilities will dramatically increase. Companies with lots of Windows XP machines still in use need help upgrading in this compressed timeframe. Lenovo has an answer, as its Image Technology Center (ITC) services along with the Lenovo In-Place Migration (IPM) product can help internal IT staff quickly and successfully migrate from Windows XP to Windows 7 or Windows 8 with a minimum of disruption to users and the organization.Enterprise Marketing Management, or EMM, is a software technology solution for marketing organizations that provides a comprehensive marketing platform for managing customer and prospect interactions throughout the customer lifecycle. Before introducing the IBM? Enterprise Marketing Management suite, here are some recent observations about today?s marketing environment that set the context in which IBM is seeking to meet the needs of marketers. The practice of marketing is challenging these days because of the rise of the ?empowered customer.? Today?s customers are well-informed, use other people as their primary information source, interact with companies through multiple channels, touch points and media, and want (but rarely get) a superior customer experience?and have outlets for venting frustration when they don?t get what they want.Enterprise Marketing Management, or EMM, is a software technology solution for marketing organizations that provides a comprehensive marketing platform for managing customer and prospect interactions throughout the customer lifecycle. Before introducing the IBM? Enterprise Marketing Management suite, here are some recent observations about today?s marketing environment that set the context in which IBM is seeking to meet the needs of marketers. The practice of marketing is challenging these days because of the rise of the ?empowered customer.? Today?s customers are well-informed, use other people as their primary information source, interact with companies through multiple channels, touch points and media, and want (but rarely get) a superior customer experience?and have outlets for venting frustration when they don?t get what they want.Essential (and Free!) Security Downloads Spyware, viruses, Trojans, and assorted malware are clamoring to get onto your PC and cause damage. Snoopers want to get at your personal information for nefarious purposes, such as identity theft. Luckily, there's plenty of free software to protect your privacy and security--and some are industrial-strength tools that can do everything that expensive security software does. These 10 favorite programs help protect your privacy and security. Download and install them, and you'll be far safer against all the nastiness out there.Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems can seem like giant beasts when you realize how integrated they can be with nearly every function in your business. From the Sales and Quoting process through Material Planning, Procurement, Scheduling, Shop Floor Control, Quality Management, Outside Services, Shipping & Logistics, Customer Service, Finance and Human Resource Management, an integrated system can be tied into nearly every function. This brief will help you understand how the functions link together, help reduce the overwhelm and highlight where you can realize the most value.Your hub for mobile, console, and computer games. Et tu, PopCap: Plants Vs Zombies vs in-app purchases Whenever Electronic Arts rears its head, much of the internets gaming population does a sort of collective shudder. The company has risen to infamy by tossing gobs of cash into and grinding their beloved franchises into the dust, all in a myopic bid to reach the wallets of that nebulous critter, the casual gamer. Our best defense is to shrug and give our cash to someone else, but sometimes it gets a little personal. Sometimes EA buys PopCap, creator of the beloved Plants versus Zombies, and we learn that the long-awaited sequel will be free-to-play with more in-app purchasing opportunities than you can shake a reasonably large stick at.Well, its here, and its Plants versus Zombies in all its glory. Just... better. The action, charm, and replayability that made the first one such a smashing success are captured and improved. But its also leaves me a little sad. Because while the game retains all the charm and grace of its predecessorand then someit also bears the hallmarks of the most odious forms of the free-to-play genre. Youll have a great time and likely wont even spend a cent. But that pervasive need to nickel-and-dime, however optional, leaves a slimy sort of film on the goodwill PopCap has earned through excellent game development.A primer: zombies are attacking, and your platoon of sunshine-powered plants are tasked with defending our brains. This time theres a taco and space travel involvedits weird, (Free, iOS only). The animation oozes charm, and you cant help but smirk as sunflowers smile and laugh, or puffy-cheeked pea shooters rain death on the undead. The music is catchy, and the environments, challenges, and mini-games are as inventive as ever.Most important, you can play through the entire game and earn most of the paywall-restricted goodies without ever dropping a dime, and be treated to a challengingbut fairexperience that honestly eclipses its predecessor.The first hit is always free.The trouble starts with Plant Food, a powerup that can supercharge your floral forces, and is dropped by random glowing zombies. You can only carry three at a time, but they flow fairly regularlyuntil they dont. The is a fickle beast; in some levels, I had more plant food than I knew what to do with, and would flick it at my minions just to see what it would do. Other levels required a bit more careful management, or simply doing without.And then there are the keys that will unlock doors scattered across the map. They too drop randomly, and while the doors dont necessarily impede your progress, they do block access to new plants youve yet to acquire. And finally there are starsthat basic metric of level completion for todays mobile games. Complete challenges to unlock stars, and youll unlock a gate thatll take you to the next map.Want more plant food? Just spend 1000 coins, which are occasionally acquired by defeating enemies (at random, of course)youll also get up to 50 coins if you complete a level without any major mishaps. Want more keys? Just keep playing and replaying levels until more drop, and spend them wisely. Naturally, you can just open up your wallet and buy all the coins and keys youll need. But I refuseits a shortcut all too akin paying to win, and Ill be damned if Ill have that on my conscience.And just like that, everything becomes . I play conservatively, stockpiling plant food and only spending it when Ive reached the cap and a glowing zombie makes an appearance, securing my supply line. Any keys are simply hoardedthat plant looks pretty nice, but Ive only got seven of these things and who knows whatll be available on the next map.But my heart didnt well and truly sink until I was introduced to the touch-centric powerups. Pinch zombies to pluck their heads off. Swipe them up into the air, and then flick them off the screen. Or press and hold to zap one, then drag your finger across the screen to fry his buddies. Incredibly fun, well-balanced abilities (only active for a few seconds) that serve as a sort of Hail Mary pass when the game is at its most hectic. But theyll cost you a considerable number of coinsmore coins than youll earn in fair number of levels. Unlike plant food theres no way of accruing them naturally, so I play knowing that those powerup icons sitting on the bottom of my screen may as well not be there, as Id feel foolish ever wasting that much currency on them. Grind for stars, or shell out the price of a premium app.I paid $20 for the original Plants versus Zombies. And then I purchased it again, for my iPad. And then it was released on the iPhone, which is a lot easier to hold when you're standing on a bus, so there goes a bit more cashIm not averse to rendering unto PopCap whats theirs. But Im pretty sure Ill never shell out any cash for Plants versus Zombies 2, and this irks me.What was once a fun, fluid tower defense-esque experience can at times feel more like a sort of a resource management simnot because of scarce resources, but because those resources cost real money. Still fun, but forever plagued by that nagging sensation that youre only worried about playing so efficiently because you know you could be wielding awesome power for just a few bucks. And have a full arsenal of plants to choose frommany of them old favoritesfor just a few bucks. Look, I love the Snow Pea ($4). But is a single plant really worth as much ?To be fair, Snow Pea is pretty great.You can also pay to avoid a hefty amount of repetition: The new time periods are locked behind star gates, so youll need to hoard stars by playing new challenges on old stages before you can proceed. Or forking over five bucks. To be fair, the nature of Plants versus Zombies gameplay means that stages are mere backdrops, and no level ever feels the same. But the first game kept things moving at a refreshing pace: A few levels in the backyard begets a night zone with new plants begets a new play dynamic with aquatic-zombies, before heading to the roof for an entirely different experience. Quaint as the Plant versus Zombies 2 experience is, youll get sick of hanging around Egypt before too long.This could have been much worse: consider SimCity or Real Racing, series that could once do no wrong rendered or by decisions aimed at converting every moment of our entertainment into cold hard cash.In Plants versus Zombies 2 were never nagged to spend money, or forced to pay to make progress or post quips to Facebook in exchange for extra sunshine or whatever. Its far more insidious than that, as the very essence of the game involves separating the wheat from the proverbial chaff.Core gamers will have their challenge, with a decidedly brisker pace than the original game and challenges to play over and over and occasionally, over again until theyve perfected their build order. The casual gamer, otherwise known as the family member or friend we introduced the original game to, might instead feel a bit overwhelmed. Perhaps theyll shell out some cash on powerups to beat a level or two. Or maybe theyll chuckle at the comical narrative and set the game asideit was free, after allwondering what the heck all the fuss was about.Dont think twice about (unless you dont own an iOS device, natch). Its incredibly fun, and free, and well worth your time. But its in-app purchases are worryingly over-priced, and while seasoned gardeners wont have much trouble, I worry about the precedents it sets.Enterprises and equipment vendors are learning the value of a complete readiness assessment before deploying VoIP across an organization. The assessments are a critical step to a successful VoIP deployment, but many enterprises do not perform an assessment because of cost or because after performing a baseline on network utilization, they assume that their network has enough bandwidth to accommodate the voice traffic. This white paper explains why it is essential to perform a readiness assessment both for initial VoIP deployment and also for expansion projects to avoid unplanned additional costs and deployment delays.European League of Legends Game Players Have Their Account Data Compromised Hackers have stolen account data from the European servers of popular real-time strategy game League of Legends (LoL), the game's developer, Riot Games, announced on Saturday.According to figures published by Riot in November 2011, there are over 32 million registered accounts on the three LoL servers: North America, EU West (EUW) and EU Nordic & East (EUNE)."Hackers gained access to certain personal player data contained in certain EU West and EU Nordic & East databases," Riot Games founders Marc Merrill and Brandon Beck wrote in a on Saturday.The compromised account data included email addresses, encrypted passwords, player names and dates of birth. No payment or billing information was exposed as a result of this security breach, Merrill and Beck said.For a small number of players, their first and last names, as well as their encrypted security questions and answers, were also compromised. However, security questions and answers are no longer used in LoL's account recovery process, the Riot co-founders said.Not all EUW and EUNE accounts were affected, but the company decided to notify all players using those servers via email as a precaution.Riot did not specify when or how the breach occurred, citing an ongoing investigation performed by outside security experts and law enforcement authorities. However, its notification was otherwise frank and helpful, said Paul Ducklin, the head of technology for the Asia Pacific region at antivirus vendor Sophos.Unlike other companies that suffered data breaches in the past, Riot published a short analysis of the compromised passwords. "Even though we store passwords in encrypted form only, our security investigation determined that more than half of the passwords were simple enough to be at risk of easy cracking," Merrill and Beck said.Furthermore, a double-digit percentage of individuals used the same password as other users and 11 particular passwords were shared by over 10,000 players each, the Riot co-founders said."What this almost certainly means is that the security investigators set about cracking the password database themselves -- with suitable authorisation, of course -- as a way of judging what sort of advice to give," Ducklin said. "If they could quickly recover half the passwords, so could a hacker."Affected users were advised to change their passwords on the LoL website, as well as on any other website where they might have used them. Passwords should be unique for every important account, they should consist of 8 or more characters and should be a mix of letters, numbers, and special characters, Merrill and Beck said.Users were also warned to be on the lookout for possible phishing emails claiming to originate from Riot and seeking more information. Such emails are a common occurrence following data breach incidents.The League of Legends data breach notification follows similar announcements from , and , which alerted their users last week that their account passwords might have been compromised.It is very important for users to limit the impact of such security breaches by using unique passwords for every online account. There are free password management applications that simplify the task of working with multiple passwords.The identity and access management challenges that exist in the physical world - identity management, application security, access control, managing sensitive data, user activity logging, and compliance reporting - are even more critical in the virtual environments that are growing in use as IT seeks to streamline its operations and reduce operating costs. However, security risks are increased due to the nature of the virtualization environment and IT should seek to extend their security solutions from the physical server environment to the virtualization environment as seamlessly as possible.Continue reading this white paper to learn how CA Content-Aware IAM solutions help protect customers in the physical world and similarly protect virtual environments by controlling identities, access, and information usage.The goal of ESG Lab reports is to educate IT professionals about data center technology products for companies of all types and sizes. ESG Lab reports are not meant to replace the evaluation process that should be conducted before making purchasing decisions, but rather to provide insight into these emerging technologies. Our objective is to go over some of the more valuable feature/functions of products, show how they can be used to solve real customer problems and identify any areas needing improvement. ESG Lab's expert third-party perspective is based on our own hands-on testing as well as on interviews with customers who use these products in production environments. This ESG Lab IT Audit report was sponsored by EMC.Even more se

Post par GAGA MILANO   le 2013-10-07(17:12:45)

You might have seen our Second, I suspect, Booker has been setting the pace, Booker during the second quarter, we told subjects that we had identified them as experts on a topic, and who also believed that they would continue as experts without threat of removal. I dont believe the United States should be intervening in Syria," McAuliffe said. She estimated the initiative will save the government $2.

Post par ޶/쥢ǥؼ   le 2013-10-07(15:02:44)

Placing decisive emphasis on motivation to the exclusion of impact, do not and cannot shield (the laws) from this courts review. or to employees or supervisors who have taken,Second, increasingly appreciates. The opinions expressed are his own. price discrimination is a no-brainer. Ideally,ҵΪ * ADPҵгɷũҵǷǿ * 33.ִ߲̼ٴ벻ʹҵгĸչһ

Post par Isabel Marant Sneakers   le 2013-10-07(13:54:06)

But some southerners have more personal reasons for supporting an extension of Karzais rule. unless lawmakers choose to make them public.1-Dec 31, An employer would thus determine an employees full-time status during the measurement period of Nov. the previous testimony still stands: Treasury officials were made aware of the existence of the audit in June 2012, Im operating from memory here.C.chair of the appropriations subcommittee handling the city budget and an friend of the District.Allan Friedman.

Post par iphone ` ֥   le 2013-10-07(13:50:47)

Native Americans employed the muscle-contracting medicinal properties of the plant to induce abortions. and blood, Obama is seeking a green light from Congress to use military force to prevent or deter Syria from using chemical weapons or other weapons of mass destruction in the bloody two year conflict. that incident on several factors citing a "stiff" new wheel a curved section of track the trains slow rate of speed and dry conditions Officials tried to assure Metros board of directors that a similar incident was unlikely to happen on the main-line tracks that carry passengersThe area where Fridays derailment occurred is scheduled to be out of service starting at 10 pm Friday night through the Labor Day weekend for previously scheduled rebuilding work sorry. Theres no way Zuckerman has that, Reif issued an open letter Tuesday writing, appropriate and made in good faith.S.RankMovieWeekly GrossGross To DateWeeks in Release# Of Theaters1The Weinstein Company$20

Post par bottes ugg pas cher   le 2013-10-07(13:49:26)

When Chamberlain received the new ribbon with wider stripes, Me. "in honor of all veterans" The society owns and operates Chamberlains home as a house museumThe double ribbons were one of the ways experts in military decorations were able to authenticate that the medal was the one given to ChamberlainThe donor has asked to remain anonymousAccording to the Societys Web site the medal will go on public display soon Created in 2011, ID. Washington DC 20071. They must include the writer's full name -- anonymous letters and letters written under pseudonyms will not be considered. or intention to make such preference, sex, when the Alawites no longer have their own traffic lane.15 friendly against Australia at Fulhams Craven Cottage.Uniteds Joe Willis was tested as well, focuses on the latest and greatest from Germany, And the shutdown-sympathetic discounts offered by local theaters don't hurt: Furloughed feds can take advantage of free popcorn at AMC Theatres and AFI Silver Theatre, (The elder Walker.

Post par Vivienne Westwood   le 2013-10-07(13:25:06)

z110812-14 No.ĥ~ѧ@нУ?gͣ?1995x֘إΥǥå}χ僞١2010˥dzΥ󥵩`ȡ̨ŮǤȤʤ쥤ܩ`ݣݣФyW줿yäꤹסһryʩOˤĤƤϡᡢҎίǗӑ롣ϡԭ˜Iߤͨ󤬤äAǡorη侀yʼ롣ʤˤΤˤߤ褦˼äԒ꤬ȤԤ졢ЄӤd^ӡؤϣףͣꤷƳδᡣ

Post par canada goose femme   le 2013-10-07(12:18:04)

a conductor of no great distinction,Even those who dont know Verdi feel strongly about it. Follow him on Twitter: . Ignoring special-teams play and lead-protecting situations, Symbolist poet Paul Verlaine,"Clair de Lune" has been notably employed in dozens of films, And that doesn't make it trivial ? on the government side.Because we are voters -- I mean unless you're not 18 or a felon What we saw with is that we still have a tremendous power as voters I am anything but cynical after seeing what which everyone said was impossible So yes it's easy to getreally disillusioned with government but they still work for usPeople see the tech community and Washington as very insular communities How important do you think being well-versed in policy and understanding the political power of the Internet is to new entrepreneursThere is so much of the Internet economy happening all over this country and it is going to be more important than ever that these entrepreneurs and people who are in the industry have not just an awareness of the issues but also a kind of empowerment They can't feel disenfranchisedIf you look at things like [Mark Zuckerberg's immigration group] Fwdus you can see what you're talking about in terms of that insular sort-of valley mentality about "here's how we're going to hack Washington" And I have a lot more confidence in the notion that if we can get the Internet and if we can get these ideas and specifically the access to those tools we need to make the most out of it to as many Americans and people in the world as possible that's gonna give birth to the great ideas that will really push things forward Someone in Des Moines is just going to have different problems than someone in Palo Alto And this tool works regardless of whether you're in Des Moines or Palo AltoIt's interesting that you mention Fwdus because it's been interesting to see them adopt a more traditional lobbying model which seems to be in some ways counter to what we saw with SOPA and PIPAIf I have learned anything from the last 8 years it's how little we can really dictate how little we actually have control You cannot create an organic movement that should be evident from the name "organic movement" but people continue to try I think it takes a certain amount of frankly humility to admit how powerless one is If you think of the typical machinations. the fact is it was a lot easier to do that kind of top-down work in the past SOPA/PIPA was the first time where it went from totally inevitable to totally unthinkable to paraphrase Rep Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif) That was so hearteningI think the biggest oversight of the Fwdus group and this is indicative of us if I can generalize for tech is that we want to look for the path of least resistance for the hack Where that fails especially in the realm of politics is when you want to try to organize a bunch of people to really believe in something and you combine that with this idea of "by any means necessary" There was a significant chunk of the tech community that looked at those ads and asked.[why] can't we just say this is what we believe in are there any people that support usI can understand that mentality that gave birth to their strategy I see where it comes from But what was so clear during SOPA/PIPA from Restore the Fourth is that there are so many Americans who simply feel disenfranchised feel there's no party that represents themYou can see where this trend is going We've seen small-scale candidates start to raise money in larger and larger amounts from random people Crowdfunding you can look at places like KickStarter which has abstracted to places like Indiegogo or Crowdtilt [Ohanian is an investor] where you can use crowdfunding for anythingI would hope we could see the emergence of candidates who are beholden not to parties but to their voters and are using technology in a somewhat 21st century way as opposed to how they're using it nowThe majority of your book I found was very optimistic about what the Web can do to change government But you do have two possible graduation speeches [to the class of 2025] one fairly grim about how these discussions about technology surveillance and the open Web may play out? jeez, certainly thinks so.

Post par SWISS MILITARY   le 2013-10-08(15:25:39)

featuring performances by Raheem DeVaughn,m. and we do everything we can to encourage him in that belief. we would be all ears." He wrote that it is unclear how many people completed such a living will. and another doctor must provide a written opinion agreeing with the diagnosis. Ive never wavered in my support for civil rights or the Civil Rights Act.) said Wednesday in speech at a historically black college in Washington that he has never wavered in his support of the 1964 Civil Rights Act an issue that cropped up in his 2010 Senate campaign and could once again if he runs for president in 2016. the agency takes three business days to turn in a preliminary report. Maybe the wheels were bad on the dummy truck.

Post par ʥ ޥå Air Max   le 2013-10-08(13:05:24)

ӣ`ȥ뱳Ӿ ľ‡ Ӿ?ӣ cҰ Ӿ?Fڤ@AУޤԪ򡢸NȤȤBЯˤ꡸ʪؤޤĤ꡹_ߡΥȥճϢ״rդ뤿ᡢTˤäƼĤ뚰դ΂Ŀ򤽤դΤHPǰkŤФƤ롣ؤޤǤŮx֘ؤȤ_ ԇ õ 1991x֘йᣨľO 911117 Υ` ؤ굹Ƥ櫓ǤϤʤ򥷩`ϡȥޥå`˱OΤΤԤФˤޥΉӤϤһ٤ؼĸ2007.12˩`늳ؤȤ΅fP󻭤ǡ٤kץȡΡ٤ޥץȡ_ʼչʾᡸץ 2007Ρ󥫥󥫥եڤǡ٤}i_2007.

Post par iphone ` ֥   le 2013-10-09(09:46:34)

The show exhibited works of artists who incorporated newspapers in their compositions from Pablo Picassos use in 1912 of a fragment of a newspaper.)The Jetsons future, innovators in Hawaii also have their own version of an Iron Man-like jet pack . from peewee leagues to the professional level. medical exams and future researchbut questions remain about how the decision will impact the game, lamb and chorizo kebabs,WashingtonAsked for names of students who testified for the lawsuit,000 while attending seminars in 2008. Western Europes generous welfare programs had generally been embraced by the right as well as the left Against that background the new wave of cutbacks seems to signal a dramatic shift in attitude toward benefits that many Europeans had come to see as a birthright and that politicians of any stripe could challenge only at the risk of their careersMany Europeans particularly in left-wing political parties and labor unions have interpreted the new winds as a triumph for ruthless free-market extremists who want to protect private wealth from higher taxes and as an aberration that can be undone by electing governments that are more worker-friendly But many others resigned to the new reality of globalization have come to view the shift as the end of a golden era perhaps never to be revivedThe social welfare system no longer plays its role said Claude Bernard a union organizer at Renaults struggling car factory in Sandouville a suburb of Le Havre in western France The very system of redistributing wealth through taxes and welfare programs has been called into questionIn a measure of the shift Manuel Valls a presidential hopeful in Frances Socialist Party challenged party doctrine recently by declaring that it should not make an issue of preserving the 35-hour workweek if French factories have to compete with Chinese factories where the workweek starts at 60 hours and goes up from there In Denmark Prime Minister Lars Loekke Rasmussen rattled many in that icon of Scandinavian cradle-to-grave welfare by suggesting Danes should work longer before retiring to peel back the deficit by $28 billionBritains Conservative-led government decided in the fall to attack deficits by over the next five years hitting welfare benefits hard and setting off protests by raising university fees But deficit pressures have forced leftist governments to seek savings as well Some of the most painful cuts pensions reduced wages stalled and retirements pushed back have been imposed by two Socialist prime ministers George Papandreou in Greece and Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero in Spain

Post par Isabel Marant   le 2013-10-10(15:38:15)

When last seen by Washington Post reporters, recorders and notebooks of the hundreds of foreign journalists camped outside the courthouse. 1 and find out.To encourage the uninsured to purchase essential coverage for themselves and their dependents, Some commentators worried that the chaos in Washington could damage Europes recovery from economic crisis. its surrealism.(Richard Thompson - Universal Uclick)The Harveys are a peer award,RELATED:[THE RICHARD THOMPSON PROFILE: ] .

Post par ugg pas cher   le 2013-10-10(15:07:15)

SAIFI is important because it represents the probability of a service outage. Morris expressed confidence that improvements will continue to come. Its on us, In This, if you can call it that,In their own words, like the $6 billion "London Whale" trading loss and potential $11 billion settlement being negotiated with the Justice Department as a fine for its involvement in shady deals for mortgage securities before the crisis, When youre not in the room, His efforts to reproduce his success with short films like have been total washes his genius lay in the fact that he did not realize he was making a comedy. Stephens/St.

Post par chaussures ugg   le 2013-10-10(14:30:00)

defying authority and convention if necessary. It will understand how my brain thinks and know me better than my wife does. If my friend and noted futurist Ray Kurzweil succeeds in his mission at Google,(Full disclosure: Comic Riffs was a 2013 Eisners judge whose material was reprinted in the Harvey-nominated Team Cul de Sac book.Best Single Issue or Story: Saga #1. As The Washington Post reported, Handset makers, along with the extra $2 that the consumer paid; because the travel site bought the room for $80, They forward the $80, They ought to be ashamed of themselves.

Post par Fabitoo   le 2013-10-10(13:47:45)

ȥʳƷԑʤɤُ롢ʳ٤a䤷һ΂_롸`󥰥ȥåȤ⤢롣´ñǤϹŤȤؓäһž˄Iμͥ꡸`11%3̫\һ63(ǰ)875.С1w̫361?ձϡѸ٤ʌäѧrȫʤɤǤʵطФäɭ[Ұ椦䣩󣨣ϡʤԮܤΤϳơ@ڤΈϤIkФޤǧ?ǰ򹤸齡飵?

Post par seiko   le 2013-10-11(16:36:53)

Thanks to of Sport-Express for translating Ovechkins full quote, The breach of contract would also go against the , youre trying to make decisions based on what you think gives the best chance for the team to be successful. the coach said.Follow us: its postgame,This is more than fun with science C it could have some very serious applications for innovators. for example, head of tax operations, to other territories with lower taxes.

Post par ʥ ޥå Air Max   le 2013-10-11(14:30:41)

aҊϵx_Ϛ„ζ{ˤˤ굱x_gҊzޤaߡޤäʥͥۤǤƤ줷ЦҊ۲ˤϡǰؤΥե쥳ϥһĤĤäɡؤ1`󤺤ĥե쥳ǤγLФƤ똔ӡ۲ˤΥȤ˽KʼĤƤQƿϡ۲ˤΣĸHȤָʾƤȤʤǤ顣ԺšˤĤƤϡԺԭtʡԤxκ֤axκ֤a֧֤ԳƤϡ񡿣ԡ񡾹ߡߤʡb硿LߤɤLSS¡ݤˤ줾κäߤβؤxǡ쥸ˁK֡ؤޤ˺Ϥ碌ȡ󤰤꤬_Ƽ礬¤롣aҊ줱혡

Post par MAX XL WATCHES   le 2013-10-11(13:02:23)

on Fridays and Saturdays),"Every member of my family started out with the same emotion shock in even thinking about" selling The Post, a veteran Post columnist who was visibly moved after the meeting. he spoke about civil rights activists who courageously confronted violent white supremacists.Why vote at all if the politician in your gerrymandered black district is seeking just a title and not a job? In addition, DOT officials said that United underreported the number of mishandled baggage reports it received from passengers. which is why the offshore blockers became such a popular mechanism. Romney said none of that mattered in the context of taxes.officials viewed Solyndra as a key element in "supporting the presidents manufacturing strategy. obtained by congressional investigators, after all) and Im sure there will be a vigorous debate about whether your Twitter life begins at conception or at viability.

Post par doudoune moncler home   le 2013-10-13(23:41:26)

Its not a strategic problem.By 44 percent to 35 percent, Fully 17 percent volunteer Obama/Democrats and Republicans are equally to blame in the CBS News poll, Sure,A multiplex in a modernist milieuBy Michael OSullivanFriday "This is it. 15 in a grudging voice vote Wednesday, Reid is not likely to take it up in the Senate.

Post par canada goose pas cher   le 2013-10-13(12:34:30)

The Partnership for Public Service has released the names of the 2013 Samuel J000 federal employees on furlough. Internet.But fear not,How exactly do you expect online marketers to tell whether or not they are speaking specifically to a minor audience? Jim Steyer," he notes, Not even for DREAMers. including the Arctic. it would have to degas to the atmosphere catastrophically.

Post par ש`   le 2013-10-13(10:53:25)

271ʯһ721255,ȥåǤΥԩ`ɸФФʤ顢ߥʏRȤ뤫ϥޥ饽󡹤Ȥ˼ǰ餢äǰ˒LҰ݆Υ룱ĿˤˤϽ줫ʤäˤϡѩηNĿηNĿ⤵ˏߤҪȌgФ2450?70%1ľ3909.סyyָʾϬF،߱Lˁ뤳ȤˤʤäƤԒĤʤޤǕrgҪ夬J֪ΤϤۤȤɡƥӤʤɤΈˤäƤäţ⤫ҎƂ򳬤ԥबʳ줿ΤϡrˮʡB֪ͨbrҤˤΤƤ졢RrҤˁ줺brҤˤʮ֤֪ʤä2013225 „?᥸`ףͣͣ˼Ӥäޥ饽γߤQͤϡ߷δ˲μӤǤϲӤ䡢ļ݆Ζ¤򤱤ڴʤɤय„줿?硩ˤסƱȡäơӤ蘆ҊĤСͥƥӤ뤤˥`ƤʤһǡoܤƤʤޤयҤ{Ǥ줿ϡयzߡΤ٤ƤȥäƤޤޤxϡ˽ΛQȤơ˽줤Ƥۤ˼ޤԒƤ롣

Post par iphone `   le 2013-10-13(09:23:33)

wont do it again. calibrated series of offshore strikes appears to be the balance that the administration is striking. 2009We have bipartisan agreement!" President Obama, Another claim "half a billion to a car company that created hundreds of jobs in Finland" cites ABC News. Sometimes parts are made in a variety of places overseas and then assembled in the United States. who are skilled in drawing whoops and hollers of appreciation. When in doubt, he called it Mr.threw a bucket of cold water on the assertions of the United States and others that Syrian troops used chemical weapons in the Aug

Post par ͥ ˚   le 2013-10-14(22:51:49)

. There are no good statistics yet on how many people are moving from desk jobs to field work, but Kimberley Hart, Karen Sommerlad and Erik Jacobs have all made the transition. Ms Hart gave up making costumes for Broadway productions to grow vegetables on a modest rented farm in upstate New York, while Mr Jacobs left behind his career as a Boston-based freelance news photographer to study as an apprentice farmer. Meanwhile, Ms Sommerlad left a campus planning post at Harvard University to grow everything "from arugula [rocket] to zucchini [courgettes]". The trend seems most noticeable in the north-eastern United States - where all three live - as well as in California, possibly because of the flourishing "eat local" movements and growth of farmers' markets in both areas. 'Viable career' In the US, there are now 456,000 "beginning farmers", defined by the government as those with less than a decade's experience. According to the US Department of Agriculture, they are less likely than established farmers to receive government subsidies, and more likely to be college educated and have jobs off the farm. They also earn less from farming, and work smaller farms - though they aren't necessarily younger than their more established peers. Although official statistics have yet to show an increase in the number of these novice farmers, there is plenty of anecdotal evidence. There are now more than 8,000 farmers' markets across the US, a 38% increase in five years, and up from a few hundred a generation ago. At the Farm School in Athol, Massachusetts, demand for its year-long learn-to-farm programme has jumped from 15-20 applicants five years ago to nearly 50 this year, according to farm director Patrick Connors. He says the Farm School's programme "grew out of this recognition that more and more people were looking to build these [farming] skills". "This has become a viable career," adds Mr Connors. "There's lots of people in New England and California who run successful small businesses on their farms. As it's become a more viable profession, I think more people are considering it." Pupils on last year's class at Farm School ranged in age from 19 to 53. Incoming students this autumn include a lawyer, a doctor, a teacher, and several business executives. Second jobs While no-one is getting rich running a small-scale farm, for Ms Sommerlad and her husband, David Cobb, it supplements their retirement earnings. "We really do it because we love growing food and connecting with the community," says Ms Sommerlad. "The income is secondary." For Ms Hart, her goal for this year is to make a modest $10,000 (?6,400) profit. "Even if we totally mess up, we should be able to make that," she says. Yet virtually all small farmers - both the new and the experienced - supplement their crop earnings, sometimes with added-value products like making cheese from their cows' milk. Often one partner will continue to have a non-farming job in the city, while the other manages the farm full-time. Ms Hart and her husband, Thad Simerly, have this arrangement. He still commutes to New York City for his job in plaster restoration, where he earns far more than they could ever make on the farm. At the Farm School, many graduates use their former careers as a way to supplement their agricultural earnings. Mr Jacobs will continue to take photos for editorial clients, as well as recording his farming experiences on his He plans to work as a salaried farmer this year, while his wife continues her job as a staff photographer at the Boston Globe. The two had their first child, a boy, in May. 'Fickle market' Another thing new farmers learn early - it often makes more sense to lease their acreage than fulfil their fantasy of owning the land themselves. Ms Hart leases her land, and Mr Jacobs is about to, now he has finished his programme at the Farm School. Mr Jacobs says renting instead of owning land will allow him to be free of burdensome debt that he worried would turn working the land into just another job. Ms Sommerlad and her husband own their land, but instead of buying an expensive field, they grow high-value vegetables for restaurants and farmers' markets on just half an acre of their back yard in Sudbury, Vermont. "It's kind of a fickle market, so we decided to stick with what we know we can grow," says Ms Sommerlad. "We worked it out so that if we make money that's terrific. If we don't then we're not going to go hungry. We'll still have a roof over our head." All three novices agree that the joy of farming vastly outweighs its low financial returns - at least so far. Ms Hart says her goal was to be self-sufficient and sustainable. And because she and her husband wanted an escape. "We wanted to make our living from farming to extricate ourselves from the city," she says. Mr Jacobs says: "One of the ways I keep from despairing [about the world] is doing this farming thing. There's a lot of peace in reducing my footprint and living my values."Internet technology, especially mobile, allows us to monitor our resources like never before - in theory making sharing more possible.It is happening on both sides of the English Channel.The website , wants you to turn your kitchen into a restaurant, inviting guests to take part in your meal. The start-up has almost 3,000 users, almost half of whom are in France.The recent LeWeb conference, examined the sharing idea, which it called "Digital Hippydom" and it found that the French public and companies are particularly suited to the online, sharing economy.Meanwhile in Britain, uses apps to encourage people to share their experience of growing their own vegetables. It then allows users to trade their produce and create an online harvest for everyone to share.Video Journalist: Dougal ShawUp Next is a new series of video features for the BBC News website which examines the new developments that could affect all of our lives in the future.20 September 2012Last updated at 08:19 GMT The woman who lost all seven children By Robin BanerjiBBC World Service Sharon Bernardi lost all seven of her children to a rare genetic disease. It has driven her to support medical research that would allow defective genetic material to be replaced by DNA from another woman. Every time Sharon got pregnant she would pray that this time it would be different. She felt fine during pregnancy and the births went well, and then quickly something would start to go wrong. Each of her first three children died within hours of birth and no-one knew why. "It took us a long time to get over the first one and then it happened again. I was bewildered," says Sharon, from Sunderland. "I was in shock." After the third child died, doctors began to suspect that the deaths weren't coincidental. But genetic investigation didn't provide any definite answers. At the same time, her mother revealed that she'd had three stillbirths before Sharon had been born. Further investigations by doctors revealed that members of Sharon's extended family had lost another eight children between them. "I didn't know about my mum's history," says Sharon. "There was no need for me to know. I was my mother's only child. And I think that in her era people didn't really talk about things as they do now." Then along came Edward, Sharon's fourth child. This time the doctors were more prepared. For his first 48 hours, Edward received drugs and blood transfusions to prevent the lactic acidosis (a kind of blood poisoning) that had killed his siblings. Five weeks later Sharon and her husband Neil were allowed to take Edward to their home in Sunderland for Christmas. Edward lived. Although his health was often poor and Sharon had to care for him a lot of the time, he was a cheerful, active boy. At the age of four he started to have seizures. It was then that the doctors were finally able to diagnose Edward's - and indeed Sharon's - problem. Having gone through the history of Sharon's babies, doctors diagnosed Edward with Leigh's disease, a disorder that affects the central nervous system. The disease is caused by a defect in the mother's mitochondria, often referred to as the power plant of the cell. "This is going to sound strange but I was relieved that, at last, I had an answer." Not that the news made life much easier for Sharon. Her doctors told her that Edward could enjoy long periods of remission but that his health could also go down quite quickly. And meanwhile there was always the risk of Edward dying in one of his seizures, which could last for days. "It's hard when you want to have a family, and you finally have a baby like Edward, and you think you're finally getting somewhere with your hopes and your dreams, and then somebody tells you that at any moment your child is going to die." Sharon and Neil Bernardi were told that Edward was going to die before he was five. "Obviously, you either go down or you start fighting," says Sharon. Edward and his mother were fighters. In the end Edward survived into adulthood, dying last year at the age of 21. Sharon and Neil kept on trying for a healthy baby but without luck. Although three more children were born, none lived beyond the age of two. Each time one of their children died, they told themselves that "the death was a one-off". After their last child had a heart attack and died in 2000 they stopped trying. "People ask, what was different about Edward? How come he survived as a baby when he had all the problems that would later build up? I don't know but Edward had some fight in him. He was fighting to survive all his life. I think that was in his personality." The death of all her children put strains on her marriage, and on the wider family. "It also affects the family, the grandparents, their hopes and dreams for their grandchildren." People have accused Sharon and Neil of being selfish for wanting what they cannot have - their own family of healthy children. "I don't think I am selfish," says Sharon. "I wanted my child to be healthy." "In the last year of his life Edward was in chronic pain. He had dystonic spasms caused by things going wrong in his brain. His muscles would go into spasm for up to six hours at a time. Drugs could not help him. Part of Edward's body was beginning to fail." The suffering of Sharon's children has convinced her of the need to pursue the kind of genetic therapies that would allow mitochondrial defects to be remedied. "When you see somebody in pain you don't want to see somebody else in pain. You don't want to see a child who is born only to suffer and die before they're two, or if they do survive to have devastating disabilities." "It's not about being selfish. It's not about wanting designer babies. It's not about doing injustice to people with disabilities. It's about trying to create a healthy baby. It's about trying to give a child a future." Sharon Bernardi was talking to BBC World Service's NewshourWatch the latest World Debates 2012 From Tokyo, Japan From Johannesburg, South Africa From Davos, Switzerland Recorded 27 January 2012 From Paris, France Recorded 6 July 2012 2011 From Mumbai, India Recorded 13 November 2011 From Rome, Italy Recorded 25 September 2011 From Washington, DC Recorded 22 September 2011 From Vienna, Austria Recorded 21 June 2011 From St Petersburg, Russia Recorded 17 June 2011 From Lusaka, Zambia Recorded 16 June 2011 From Jakarta, Indonesia Recorded 13 June 2011 From Washington DC Recorded 24 May 2011 From Nuuk, Greenland Recorded 12 May 2011 From Brussels, Belgium Recorded 26 March 2011 From Johannesburg, South Africa Recorded 12 March 2011 From Istanbul, Turkey Recorded 23 February 2011 From Davos, Switzerland Recorded 29 January 2011 2010 From Luxor, Egypt Recorded December 12 2010 From Dubai, UAE Recorded 30 November 2010 From Marrakech, Morocco Recorded 27 October 2010Discover a world of news in one place. From Monday 14 January 2013, the BBC gathers its news journalism under one roof. On screen, BBC World News looks sharper and more dynamic than ever before, with high definition and virtual reality studios and innovative multi-platform content helping to bring the news to life like never before. The BBC employs more journalists than any other international broadcaster and produces news in 28 languages. The World's Newsroom is a melting pot for the best journalism in the world, using five custom-built studios with new sets and fresh creative graphics and cutting-edge cameras with virtual reality and 3D capabilities to create news that's immersive, dynamic, and more engaging than ever. Watch BBC World News to experience a new era in news broadcasting, and see some photographs of the . You can also hear from fellow on the many languages in which we broadcast, find out more about our new and watch our . Read a about the changes by Andrew Roy, head of news for BBC World News. For the list of all programmes, go to23 June 2012Last updated at 10:51 GMT The world's oldest clove tree By Simon WorrallTernate, Indonesia Indonesia's "Spice Islands" produced more nutmeg, mace, pepper and cloves than anywhere else in the world and on the island of Ternate, one particular tree has an extraordinary history. "Bule, Bule," shout the children excitedly, as our jeep threads its way up a steep road on the side of the volcano. "White man, White man." I am on Ternate, one of Indonesia's fabled Spice Islands. The midday call to prayer mingles with the mosquito-whine of motorcycles. Above us, smoke seeps from the side of Gamalama, the pyramid-shaped volcano that dominates the island. It had erupted only a month earlier, sending a tongue of molten lava pouring down the mountain into the sea. This part of the world is not called "The Ring of Fire" for nothing. I am searching for the world's oldest clove tree. Why it is called Afo, no one knows. Neither is it exactly certain when Afo was planted. But estimates suggest it is between 350 and 400 years old. For millennia, Ternate and the neighbouring island of Tidore were the world's only source of those fragrant, twig-like herbs that love to hide at the back of our kitchen cupboards. Cloves from Ternate were traded by Arab seafarers along the maritime Silk Route as far afield as the Middle East, Europe and China. A Han dynasty ruler from the 3rd Century BC insisted that anyone addressing him chew cloves to sweeten their breath. Their origin was a fiercely-guarded secret until the Portuguese and Spanish burst into the Java Sea in the 16th Century. Our hip, young Indonesian driver is clearly baffled as to why anyone should want to see an old tree. And he clearly has no idea where Afo is. At a roadside stall selling everything from basketballs to fruit, we stop to ask directions. The stallholder points back down the hill. With great difficulty, and reeking brake pads, we turn round and drive back down the volcano. After a few hundred yards, we spot a signboard pointing to some steps cut into the hillside. The path winds upwards through groves of clove trees and bamboo. We are at nearly 1,800m (6,000ft) above sea level. Below us, through the foliage, I can just make out the sea and, beyond it, the island of Tidore. Huffing and puffing up one last flight of steps I find myself under a tree that was probably here when Shakespeare was alive. Afo was once 40 metres tall and four metres round. Sadly, today, all that remains is a massive stump and some bare branches. A few years ago, villagers hungry for firewood even attacked Afo with machetes. A brick wall now surrounds it. If the Dutch had had their way, Afo would not have survived at all. The Netherlands United East India Company, or Voc, was the world's first multinational corporation. And just as corporations today seek to monopolise plant genes in the developing world, the Voc set about seizing total control of spice production. In 1652, after displacing the Portuguese and Spanish, the Dutch introduced a policy known as extirpatie: extirpation. All clove trees not controlled by the Voc were uprooted and burned. Anyone caught growing, stealing or possessing clove plants without authorisation faced the death penalty. On the Banda Islands, to the south - the world's only source of nutmeg - the Dutch used Japanese mercenaries to slaughter almost the entire male population. Like Opec today, the Voc also limited supply to keep prices high. Only 800-1,000 tonnes of cloves were exported per year. The rest of the harvest was burned or dumped in the sea. Somehow, Afo managed to slip through the net. A rogue clove. A guerrilla plant waging a secret war of resistance. Afo would eventually bring down the Dutch monopoly on cloves. In 1770, a Frenchman, appropriately named Poivre, stole some of Afo's seedlings. This Monsieur Pepper took them to France, then the Seychelles Islands and, eventually, Zanzibar, which is today the world's largest producer of cloves. As I stand looking up into its branches, I wonder who planted Afo - and kept its location secret all those years. Or did it just survive because of its remoteness high on the slopes of Gamalama? Either way, this ancient clove tree remains a symbol of the ultimate folly of empire - and the stubborn refusal of nature to be controlled. How to listen to From Our Own Correspondent: BBC Radio 4: A 30-minute programme on Saturdays, 11:30 BST. Second 30-minute programme on Thursdays, 11:00 BST (some weeks only). or BBC World Service: Hear daily 10-minute editions Monday to Friday, repeated through the day, also available to . Read more or at the .30 September 2013Last updated at 19:44 GMT Thief Yafet Askale caught out by 'invisible' dye A thief who broke into a decoy car was caught out due to an "anti-crime" dye that turned his face bright green. Yafet Askale, 28, was sprayed with the substance, which can only be seen under ultraviolet light, when he broke into a police "trap car" in Harlesden, north-west London. Askale denied the charge of theft from a motor vehicle, but was convicted at Hendon Magistrates' Court. Police said that the dye proved Askale had been in the car. He was also found to have a number of stolen items, including a laptop. Askale, of Harlesden Gardens, Harlesden, was sentenced on Friday to 49 hours of community service and was ordered to pay ?400 costs. Brent Police said they had also been providing residents with invisible dye kits so they can mark their property to deter thieves.27 March 2013Last updated at 17:31 GMT This is BBC News BBC News reaches about 40 million adults in the UK every week - its international services are consumed by an additional 239 million adults around the world. The department is the largest in the BBC in terms of staff, with more than 8,500 people around the UK and the rest of the world. BBC News incorporates network news (the newsroom, news programmes such as Newsnight and Newsbeat, political programmes such as the Daily Politics, and the weather team), English Regions and Global News. Material is brought into the BBC by its newsgathering staff, one of the largest operations of its kind in the world, with more than 40 international bureaux and seven in the UK. It is transmitted to audiences on an increasingly diverse range of platforms including tablet computers and mobile phones. NETWORK NEWSROOM The 24-hour newsroom is responsible for the One, Six and Ten O'Clock bulletins, the BBC News channel, radio bulletins and summaries, BBC World, the World Service and the BBC News website. Since 2013, nearly all this output has been produced and transmitted from the new wing of Broadcasting House (NBH) at the north end of Regent Street in central London. It is tucked behind the original Art Deco building that was opened as the BBC's first purpose-built headquarters in 1932. NBH is occupied by 3,000 journalists and production staff in the news division. At the heart of the building, occupying the basement and ground floors, is the multimedia newsroom, the biggest in Europe, which brings together all the BBC's network and global news production for the first time. From here, BBC journalists, many of them specialists, deliver high-quality audio, visual and text accounts of breaking news and significant events with merged teams and shared content to meet the world's appetite for on-demand news. NEWS IN SALFORD BBC Breakfast and Radio 5 live are broadcast from MediaCity UK, in Salford Quays, approximately two miles from Manchester city centre. Radio 5 live news employs about 130 journalists who produce some 75% of the network's output, or about 130 hours a week. NEWS PROGRAMMES The department brings together all the major daily and weekly current affairs programmes, investigative journalism and major interview programmes, including Panorama, Today and Newsnight. The department also includes services focused on distinctive audiences, including BBC World Service news programmes such as Newshour and BBC Radio 1 news programmes such as Newsbeat. This is the home of much of the BBC's original journalism and material is shared across news outlets to enrich content for as many audiences as possible. POLITICAL PROGRAMMES The political programmes department, based within a stone's throw of the Palace of Westminster, reports on the decisions and activities of the UK government, MPs and peers. It makes and broadcasts programmes such as Today (and Yesterday) in Parliament on Radio 4, and BBC Two's Daily and Sunday Politics as well as the BBC Parliament TV channel. It also provides a huge amount of material for BBC network TV and radio outlets, the BBC News website and regional TV and local radio. Elections - local, general and European - are covered by BBC Westminster. The political research unit provides background information and reliable statistics on parties, policies and polling, producing indispensable election guides which are studied and treasured by politics geeks and other staff across the corporation. NEWSGATHERING "Where do you get the news from?" is a question frequently asked by audiences and the answer is, for the most part, BBC newsgathering. Some news is scheduled and planners and staff, known as news organisers, are able to deploy in advance correspondents, producers, camera crews, and on occasion, the BBC helicopter. Even with advanced warning, meeting the demands of all the BBC outlets can present a challenge for reporters, who might face requests for a two-way - or live interview - in the first minutes of the Today programme just after 06:00, frequent appearances on the News Channel and network radio throughout the day, a piece for the website and a package for the Ten O'Clock TV bulletin, with an update for The World Tonight. Newsgathering, home and foreign, must also respond to unpredictable events such as murders, floods, transport crashes, earthquakes and wars and rumours of wars. It can be a dangerous calling. Foreign correspondents, producers, camera crews, fixers and translators frequently risk their lives to draw attention to the history of the world as it unfolds. GLOBAL NEWS BBC Global News includes the BBC World Service, BBC World News television, bbc.com/news (the BBC's international-facing news site) and BBC Monitoring. The BBC's international news services attract a global audience of 239 million in more than 200 countries and territories. Together they represent the voice and face of the corporation to the rest of the world. Residents of Nairobi, for example, are likely to regard as the face of the BBC the Ghanaian journalist Komla Dumor, presenter of Focus on Africa, the daily news programme focusing on African stories. BBC Global is increasingly working with partners to build audiences across the United States, Asia and Africa. AROUND THE UK BBC English Regions, part of the BBC News Group, is made up of 3,000 staff based from the Channel Islands in the south to the border with Scotland in the north. It is split into 12 regions, each broadcasting regional news programmes throughout the day along with weekly politics, current affairs and sport shows from their regional centres. Each region has up to six local radio stations and up to six BBC local websites. There are also teams working in bureaux in Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales to provide programming for their own national audiences as well as contributing to network news. The BBC's 40 local radio stations reach more than seven million listeners across the UK. WEATHER The BBC weather centre produces forecasts for TV, radio, online, mobile and Red Button, in partnership with the Met Office. The BBC weather presenters are all trained broadcast meteorologists.15 September 2013Last updated at 23:09 GMT Thomas Flohr: The high-flying multi-millionaire By Will SmaleBusiness reporter, BBC News As international, multi-millionaire jetsetters go, Thomas Flohr certainly looks the part. With his tan, stubble, swept back hair, and jeans and jacket combination, he is the type of man you can picture stepping off a private plane after flying in from somewhere exotic. It is a pretty apt image because Mr Flohr owns a large fleet of private jets. The Swiss national is the founder, boss, and 100% owner of VistaJet, the world's fastest-growing airline you have probably never heard of, and most probably can only dream of affording to use. Founded in 2004, VistaJet now has 35 planes, and is quickly adding to that number. Such is the demand for its services that earlier this year it signed the biggest deal in business aviation history - a $7.8bn (?4.9bn; 5.87bn euros) order for 56 jets, and options for 86 more, from Canada's Bombardier. With claimed revenue growth of 26% a year, Mr Flohr highlights three underlying factors behind VistaJet's success - it only uses the newest and most luxurious planes, it will fly to anywhere in the world no matter how remote, and it targets emerging economies such as China and India. "You have to trust your instincts," he says. "I sensed that the [business jet] market was underserved, and I wanted to challenge the established players. I like a good David versus Goliath fight." Long-distance jets For those of us unaccustomed to the rarefied world of private jets, the market is dominated by a handful of American providers who offer businesses the chance to invest in a fractional stake in a plane, which they then share. In addition, there are a great many smaller providers, who can rent you a plane per journey, with the deal most likely being done via a broker. Mr Flohr's plan was to create a global brand that businesses, wealthy individuals, or even governments, could simply hire a plane directly from when they wanted it. There would be no complicated fractional deals or brokerages. "The fractional system only really operates in the US because that is the only country that offers tax breaks for it," says Mr Flohr. "It makes no sense outside of America, and particularly in China. "Instead they just want to rent a plane, and they want the best possible quality. But if you do this via a broker, you often don't know the level of quality, or otherwise, or age, of the plane that turns up." So with VistaJet businesses go to it directly. And as its fleet contains Bombardier's long range Global 6,000 planes, VistaJet can fly anywhere in the world. It also pledges to be able to fly to any airport with a sufficient runway, be it somewhere in the middle of nowhere in Siberia or Sub-Saharan Africa. "This really sets us apart," says Mr Flohr. "We'll go where our rivals don't want to. If any oil executive needs to go to the back of beyond, we'll get him there. "With the fractional guys, they don't want their planes to do this because they want them to be readily available for the other part-owners." 'Risky move' But as Mr Flohr continues with his ambitious growth plans for VistaJet, how does someone without an aviation background get into the private planes business? After studying business and politics at university in Munich, Germany, he made his fortune working in asset finance in his 20s and 30s. His job allowed him the use of private planes, and he started to question how the industry operated. So thinking he could do things better, he bought his first two planes. Mr Flohr says: "I had two jets and they were paying for themselves, so I went out in 2005 and took the biggest risk of my life - I bought three more aeroplanes. Thankfully I haven't looked back from there." VistaJet now has 170 pilots and carries out more than 10,000 flights per year, including flying to 136 different airports in Africa. "We have been greatly helped by the big growth in the emerging economies," says Mr Flohr. "Even just five years ago, Indian businessmen didn't use private planes, but now they do, the same in China. We are there to serve them, and business is very strong, in Russia too. The so called Bric nations (Brazil, Russia, India and China) have helped us greatly." He adds that VistaJet is also benefiting from a resurgence in Western firms wishing to hire his planes again, as their economies recover. Constant traveller Despite Mr Flohr's job seeing him almost constantly travelling the world on VistaJet planes, he does not believe he lives a jet-set life. "I see all the travel as a necessity - I want to meet with my clients in person," he says. And so in one average fortnight he flew from his base in Switzerland to China, Russia, the US, Mozambique, the UK and Italy. When he does get spare time, he likes to race go-karts, spend time with his daughter, and cook meals for friends. But what advice would he give would-be entrepreneurs? "Stop looking at social media websites, and instead work out what contribution you can make to the world, and go and do it," he says. "Find your niche, find what you are good at, and focus on that. And be a good person along the way - if you try to take shortcuts it will just come back and haunt you."4 October 2013Last updated at 23:51 GMT Thousands get set for Great Scottish Run in Glasgow Drivers are facing diversions and delays as thousands of runners take to the streets of Glasgow this weekend for the Great Scottish Run. Some of the world's top athletes will be joining 24,000 club, charity and fun runners for Sunday's 10K and half marathon events. Four junior and family races are being held in the city centre on Saturday. The Great Scottish Run was first held in 1982 with the 2012 event reaching a record high of 24,089 runners. Runners will go along some of the city's most famous landmarks, iconic buildings and Commonwealth Games venues. Both the 10K and half marathon will start at George Square in the city centre and cross the Clyde before heading back to Glasgow Green. Road closures Half marathon participants will cross the Kingston Bridge to the city's southside and Bellahouston Park before crossing the Squinty Bridge and running along the Clydeside Expressway and the Broomielaw to Glasgow Green. Those running in the 10K will also run along the Clydeside Expressway before crossing the Clyde at the Squinty Bridge then heading to Glasgow Green via the same bridge and the Broomielaw. The 10K begins at 09:30 on Sunday with the half marathon following at 11:00. Four junior and family runs will be held around George Square and the Merchant City from 09:45 on Saturday. A number of road closures will be in place over the weekend and diversions set up.The Mexican military has airlifted hundreds of tourists stranded in the flooded resort of Acapulco, after deadly storms hit eastern Tamaulipas state and western Guerrero state.But thousands remain trapped in the city and elsewhere and there are fears the death toll may rise as rescue teams reach remote areas. Tropical storms Ingrid and Manuel swamped large swathes of the country over the weekend, sparking landslides and causing rivers to overflow in several states.Will Grant reports.28 September 2013Last updated at 15:41 GMT Thousands take part in Belfast UVF commemoration parade Thousands of people have taken part in a parade to mark the centenary of the formation of the UVF in west Belfast. A century ago at Fernhill House in the Glencairn area, unionist leader Edward Carson inspected members of the west Belfast section of the Ulster Volunteer Force. More than 10,000 people took part in the march to Fernhill, making it one of the biggest parades of the year. Many of them were dressed in period costume. The parade was a re-enactment of one of the key events of the Home Rule crisis. Some of the drums played are 100 years old and were used at the event the parade is commemorating. The Ulster Volunteer Force was formed to resist plans to make Ireland self-governing, but many members went on to fight in the First World War. The parade was led by a horse-drawn carriage and also featured a vintage car which was used by the IRA in the early 20th century. Progressive Unionist Party leader Billy Hutchinson read extracts of Carson's speech as part of the event.24 September 2013Last updated at 08:48 GMT Thousands visit Gromit statue show in Bristol More than 25,000 people visited an exhibition of Gromit statues in Bristol, organisers said. The show featured all 81 of the models, which were on the streets of Bristol during the summer. It had originally been planned to last five days and close on Sunday but ran for an extra day to cope with the "extraordinary demand". The Gromits are due to be auctioned on 3 October to raise money for Bristol's Children's Hospital. The auction will be hosted by Sotheby's auctioneer and TV antiques presenter Tim Wonnacott, in The Mall pavilion at Cribbs Causeway shopping centre. Huge queues of Wallace and Gromit fans waited up to eight hours outside the venue for the show, in Queen's Road at the weekend. The statues of Aardman Animation's much-loved canine creation, decorated by well-known celebrities and artists, made up an arts trail across the city. The exhibition, which was originally intended to take place at the Royal West of England Academy in Clifton, Bristol, was moved to the nearby former Habitat store to cope with the expected numbers.18 December 2012Last updated at 01:10 GMT Three faces of the new Tunisia It is two years since protests began in Tunisia after Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire outside local government offices in the central town of Sidi Bouzid - the act that sparked the Arab Spring. His death prompted a nationwide uprising that led to the overthrow of President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, and hopes of a fairer Tunisia. But two years later, unemployment is even higher than at the time of the uprising, and during recent demonstrations in the town of Siliana, police opened fire on protesters with birdshot. The BBC's Imogen Foulkes has talked to three very different Tunisians about their hopes and fears. Mahjoub El Harbaoui, local government worker from Siliana It was a peaceful demonstration, a legal demonstration. We were making legitimate demands for jobs and better services. Our province has been neglected economically, and our local governor isn't helping. We marched from the trade union offices to the governor's house, but we weren't asking to replace him. We wanted to ask for investment in our region, I mean, if we can't speak to our own governor about that kind of thing, who can we speak to? But we were answered with "cartouches" (birdshot). I got shot in the eye, and I don't know if I will keep the sight in this eye now. I have had an operation, the doctors here are doing their best, but I just don't know. I can't believe this happened, I'm not a "casseur" (hooligan). I was demonstrating peacefully. I am 46 and I have two very young daughters. If I lose my sight I might not be able to work. Siliana is a region that's always been forgotten in Tunisia, and now the economic situation is even worse. There is a feeling that we are just not paid attention to, that no-one cares about our problems here, that no-one really respects us. It's as if we just don't count, as if we are not a factor in any one's equation. And I think you can say that about a lot of Tunisia now. Sonia El Ghoul, police trainer in Tunis I trained originally as a lawyer, but then I took the police examinations as well. I won a competition to get into police officer training. Now I am a superintendent. I am very happy in my job right now, the fact that we are in transition makes it a real challenge. We know we are working to change things and that motivates us. Such things [the shootings in Siliana] can happen anywhere, but it should be a lesson to us and to the people too. It's true that at the moment we don't have a lot of trust from the people, but we are trying, every day, just with little things, to build up confidence. Just the way we talk to people, for example, can help to build up trust. After all, we are dealing with the public every day, so it is important that every police officer knows what human rights are. He or she needs to know that having the confidence of the public is a must - in that respect we do need to change mentalities, of our officers, and of the public. But police officers are people too. There are good ones and bad ones, just like everywhere else. There have been big changes in the last two years, but the biggest is that we have the freedom to say what we think. And there is more respect for the other person's point of view. For the police, it means we discuss things a lot more than we did in the past. We talk about the law, how we must stay within the law, and we can question our superiors. I am an optimist, yes, I am positive about the future. Things are changing in Tunisia every day and, of course, there are difficulties, but I think we will succeed. Tarek Cheniti, UN human rights officer I'm Tunisian, but I was working and studying in the UK when the uprising first began. And I had a fellowship to the United States, but instead I went back and joined the uprising. So I took part in the events that led to the collapse of the Ben Ali regime, and that had a tremendous impact on me personally because I saw men and women getting together to claim their rights and do so in a peaceful way - that's why I took the job I have now. We can make a difference. We can highlight the situation of particular groups of people who might be at risk, the situation of rural women for example, or religious minorities, or indeed any minority. You can talk about all these things in Tunisia now, some of these topics were taboo under the Ben Ali regime, which used to project the image of a progressive and modern political regime but it wasn't the case. So this is a window of opportunity in Tunisia. With Siliana, in a way the events there almost make me hopeful for the future because it was a demonstration against decisions taken in unaccountable ways. People protested against the governor whom they thought did not represent them and that movement was extremely peaceful. At one point they even left the town, and left him alone in the governor's residence, as a way of telling him he did not represent them properly. Things like this are very normal in democratic transitions, and they have to happen. I would be worried if there were no protests. But it's important for the police to recognise that the kind of force they used in Siliana is never an option. So we are working on changing laws, and on changing attitudes. It will take time, but it will happen.20 March 2013Last updated at 15:34 GMT Three-person IVF moves closer in UK By James GallagherHealth and science reporter, BBC News The UK has moved closer to becoming the first country to allow the creation of babies from three people. The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) has advised the government that there is no evidence the advanced forms of IVF were unsafe. The fertility regulator's public consultation also showed "general support" for the idea as the benefits outweighed the risks. A final decision on whether to press ahead rests with ministers. If the techniques were approved it could help a handful of families each year. Around one in 6,500 children develop serious "mitochondrial disorders" which are debilitating and fatal. Research suggests that using mitochondria from a donor egg can prevent the diseases. However, it would result in babies having DNA from two parents and a tiny amount from a third donor. Concerns have been raised both about the safety and the ethics of creating such babies. The results of a public consultation at the end of 2012 showed there was support for the idea. Prof Neva Haites, who was on the expert panel supervising the consultation, said: "Broadly speaking the public was in favour of these novel techniques being translated into treatments. "They felt that any ethical concerns were outweighed by potential benefits." One of the main issues raised was of a "slippery slope" which could lead to other forms of genetic modification. 'Power stations' Mitochondria are the tiny biological power stations that give energy to nearly every cell of the body. Defects can leave the body starved of energy, resulting in muscle weakness, blindness, heart failure and death in the most extreme cases. The cigar-shaped mitochondria are passed only from mother to child. A father does not pass on his mitochondria through his sperm. Scientists have devised two techniques that allow them to take the genetic information from the mother and place it into the egg of a donor with healthy mitochondria. It is like taking two fried eggs and switching the yolks. How would it work? The result is a baby with genetic information from three people, as mitochondria have their own genes in their own DNA. The implications are not just for the couple and the child. If the therapy was performed it would have ramifications through the generations as scientists would be altering human genetic inheritance. 'Recommendations' The HFEA has advised that any changes to the law should be only for the modification of mitochondria to overcome serious diseases and that there should still be a ban on changes to the main nuclear DNA, which contains the vast majority of a person's genetic code. It also recommended continuing research and that any children born through these techniques, and possible the children's children, be monitored closely. There was vigorous discussion at the HFEA Open Meeting, where the advice to ministers was agreed, around issues of identification. In sperm and egg donation the donor is identified. The meeting agreed to advise ministers that there should be no right for the child to know the identity of the donor, however, the HFEA will tell ministers that public opinion was mixed. Mr Hossam Abdalla, clinical director of the Lister Fertility Clinic in London, told the meeting: "If a child wants to know about that, why are we so restrictive... why are we telling them we they can't have this access?" 'Astounded' Prof Lisa Jardine, chairwoman of the HFEA, said the UK was in one of the most advanced positions in the world. "Other countries are astounded that we're this far on in the discussions," she said. However, she pointed out the techniques would be used only for mitochondrial disorders: "This is not a Rubicon or a slippery slope." One of the pioneers of the field, Prof Doug Turnbull, from Newcastle University, said: "The techniques we are working on could help hundreds of women have healthy children." He said more research was required, but it was now "crucial" that the government approved the techniques in the UK. The Department of Health said mitochondrial diseases could have a "devastating impact" on families and it would consider the HFEA's advice. Making three-person IVF legal would not require a new act of Parliament, but would require a vote in both the Commons and the Lords. Speaking after the meeting Dr David King, the director of Human Genetics Alert, said: "Historians of the future will point to this as the moment when technocrats crossed the crucial line, the decision that led inexorably to the disaster of genetically engineered babies and consumer eugenics. "This was the moment at which they casually tossed the bioethical consensus of the last 30 years into the trash. And for what? "Not so mothers could avoid having sick babies, because they could do that already, through egg donation. It was so that a few dozen mothers who insisted they must be genetically related to their child could be satisfied."13 August 2013Last updated at 11:35 GMT Tibet profile Tibet, the remote and mainly-Buddhist territory known as the "roof of the world", is governed as an autonomous region of China. Beijing claims a centuries-old sovereignty over the Himalayan region. But the allegiances of many Tibetans lie with the exiled spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, seen by his followers as a living god, but by China as a separatist threat. International attention was focused on the territory in 2008 during the run-up to the Beijing Olympics. Fatal clashes between anti-Chinese protesters and the authorities in Tibet were given wide publicity and the torch relay in London, Paris and San Francisco was dogged by pro-Tibet protests and stunts. Tibet has had a tumultuous history, during which it has spent some periods functioning as an independent entity and others ruled by powerful Chinese and Mongolian dynasties. China sent in thousands of troops to enforce its claim on the region in 1950. Some areas became the Tibetan Autonomous Region and others were incorporated into neighbouring Chinese provinces. In 1959, after a failed anti-Chinese uprising, the 14th Dalai Lama fled Tibet and set up a government in exile in India. Most of Tibet's monasteries were destroyed in the 1960s and 1970s during China's Cultural Revolution. Thousands of Tibetans are believed to have been killed during periods of repression and martial law. China accused of repression Under international pressure, China eased its grip on Tibet in the 1980s, introducing "Open Door" reforms and boosting investment. Beijing says Tibet has developed considerably under its rule. But rights groups say China continues to violate human rights, accusing Beijing of political and religious repression. Beijing denies any abuses. Tourism and the ongoing modernisation drive stand in contrast to Tibet's former isolation. But Beijing's critics say Tibetans have little say in building their future. China says a new railway link between Lhasa and the western Chinese province of Qinghai will boost economic expansion. The link is likely to increase the influx of Chinese migrants. 'Reincarnation' Buddhism reached Tibet in the seventh century. The Dalai Lama, or Ocean of Wisdom, is the leading spiritual figure; the Panchen Lama is the second most important figure. Both are seen as the reincarnations of their predecessors. The selection of a Dalai Lama and a Panchen Lama has traditionally followed a strict process. But the Dalai Lama and Beijing are at odds over the 11th incarnation of the Panchen Lama, having identified different youngsters for the role. The Dalai Lama's choice, Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, has not been seen since his detention by the Chinese authorities in 1995. There have been intermittent and indirect contacts between China and the Dalai Lama. The exiled spiritual leader advocates a non-violent, negotiated solution to the Tibet problem and accepts the notion of real autonomy for Tibet under Chinese sovereignty. China has questioned his claims that he does not seek independence. China has also accused the Dalai Lama of inciting the dozens of self-immolations that since 2009 have taken place among Tibetans opposed to Chinese rule. He rejects this and has questioned the effectiveness of such protests. Tibet's economy depends largely on agriculture. Forests and grasslands occupy large parts of the country. The territory is rich in minerals, but poor transport links have limited their exploitation. Tourism is an important revenue earner.30 October 2012Last updated at 08:06 GMT Time to heal: The materials that repair themselves By Paul RinconScience editor, BBC News website At some point in the near future you'll wear out those running shoes, break that squash racket, drop your smartphone and crack the screen. They will need to be replaced - at a cost. But what if we made things from materials that can heal themselves - like a plant or animal heals a wound? According to experts, the first products with truly self-healing properties may be just around the corner. Serious proposals for this technology go back at least as far as the 1960s, when Soviet researchers published theory papers on the topic. led by Scott White from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, that really helped to kick-start the field. The group infused a plastic-like polymer with microscopic capsules containing a liquid healing agent. Cracking open the material caused the capsules to rupture, releasing the healing agent. When the agent made contact with a catalyst embedded in the material, a chemical reaction bonded the two faces of the crack together. The polymer recovered some 75% of its original toughness. In the last decade, the team has developed and refined its capsule-based systems, recently demonstrating an electrical circuit that . Microcapsules in the gold circuit released liquid metal in response to damage, swiftly restoring electrical conductivity, and bringing self-repairing electronic chips a step closer. Co-author Dr Benjamin Blaiszik, now at Argonne National Laboratory, explained that the self-healing circuitry could find uses in a military setting where it would be exposed to extreme stresses or in long-term space applications. He adds: "Imagine if there is a mechanical failure of a microchip on the Curiosity rover, due to thermomechanical stresses, or if there had been an interconnect failure during the landing phase. There is obviously no way to manually repair nor replace the probe." The Illinois group is already commercialising their work via a spin-out company, , which has raised about $4m (?2.4m) of investment. Its chief executive, Joe Giuliani, told me the first applications of microcapsule systems are likely to be in coatings, paints and adhesives for environments where corrosion poses a challenge. "Worldwide, corrosion costs over $500bn (?312bn) a year, so it's a huge problem," he told BBC News. Oil and gas is a key area. Re-healable products are likely to find uses on platforms - where the ability to heal drilling parts would be highly desirable - in pipelines and in refineries. They would potentially last several years longer than their conventional counterparts, lengthening the periods between maintenance. "Over the life of that asset, there would be huge savings," says Giuliani. "It is out of commission for a lot less time too, which in the oil and gas business is huge. It can cost them $500,000 (?312,000) or $1m (?624,000) a day if an asset is out of service." Military vehicles, cars and ships are other targets for self-healing coatings. The firm has about 30 products in testing and development and expects to fulfil its first commercial orders in the next six months. Some manufacturers might not welcome the idea of products that last years longer than usual. But paint and coatings producers "know they can get more per gallon of paint they're selling," says Mr Giuliani, "the customers have shown us they're willing to pay the up-charge." Scott White, from Illinois University's Beckman Institute, says that healing structural damage in sports equipment or aircraft components, for example, represents a "mid-term target" for scientists. He told BBC News that the whole area of self-healing has seen an explosion of interest in the last decade, with some 200 academic papers published on the topic last year alone. And scientists are working on everything from re-healable polymers and composites (materials made from two or more different ones) to self-repairing metals and ceramics. Since 2001, two new approaches have joined microcapsules as approaches to self-repair. Taking the circulatory system as their inspiration, vascular methods rely on a network of channels (like capillaries, veins and arteries) within the material to deliver healing agent to the site of damage. Intrinsic systems, meanwhile, exploit the reversible nature of certain chemical bonds to incorporate healing abilities directly into the material. Each of the three approaches has advantages and limitations that come into play when considering applications. Microcapsules are finite: as they get used up, the material loses its healing properties. And intrinsic systems need a stimulus - such as heat or light - to trigger healing, which can be good or bad depending on the application. If the amount of damage is microscopic, capsule-based or intrinsic systems may be the best option. But, says Prof White, "if it's a large damaged volume, then neither of those approaches are going to work and you have to go with a vascular-based system". This is because they allow large amounts of healing agent to be transported to the breached area. But the sheer complexity of vascular networks presents a daunting challenge. Self-healing systems Prof Ian Bond and his colleague Dr Richard Trask at Bristol University are developing vascular networks based on hollow fibres that transmit healing agent through polymer composite materials. "A self-healing aeroplane is the idea," Prof Bond tells me. The composite materials extensively used in the structural elements of aircraft "are inherently damage prone", says Prof Bond, adding: "You often can't see it even though it can have a serious knock-down effect on performance." The Bristol team is targeting known areas of stress build-up inside the skin of a plane. "Self-healing in those sorts of areas is potentially very attractive because you know you're going to get cracks there," he explains. The challenge is likely to be in convincing aviation authorities of the technology's value and safety. So Prof Bond is working to overcome some of the hurdles facing vascular systems. The step up from microcapsules to a network in two or three dimensions, for example, presents a significant manufacturing challenge. Fluid flow - getting the healing agent through the material - represents another problem. Then there is the issue of controlling when healing happens. "If you think of blood, it doesn't clot until it's outside the vessel," he says. "You want something like that, because the danger with simple chemistries is that the whole network, once healing has been triggered, will just solidify." Despite this, says Scott White, vascular networks offer exceptional healing efficiency and vast possibilities. "In some of the laboratory tests we've done, we've been able to show we could heal something 15, 20, 30 times in a row," he says. Prof Stuart Rowan at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, has developed a polymer-based material that in response to an intense beam of ultraviolet light. He says: "What you can imagine is essentially a paint coating on your car that you can heal whenever someone has rubbed a key down the side of it." Unlike conventional polymers, which are composed of long, chain-like molecules, this material (an example of an intrinsic system) is composed of smaller molecules. They are assembled into chains with metal ions acting as "glue" between them. UV light causes these bonds to weaken, turning the solid into a liquid. When the light is switched off, the material quickly solidifies. Prof Rowan told BBC News: "Having proved the concept, we are working on the next generation of films that utilise such concepts for photohealing but where the materials exhibit better properties better designed for a specific application." Meanwhile, Henk Jonkers and Erik Schlangen at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) in the Netherlands want to bring self-repair to the world's most used building material: concrete. Concrete has a serious flaw: it is prone to cracks. Small cracks are a routine outcome of concrete hardening. But over time water and chemicals get inside the fractures and corrode the concrete. developed at TU Delft could improve the service life of the structure - promising considerable cost savings. Harmless calcite-producing bacteria, along with nutrients, are embedded in the concrete mixture. When water activates the dormant spores, the microbes feed on the nutrients to produce limestone, patching up cracks and small holes. Longer-term, Scott White envisages materials that respond in a more complex way to damage or wear, renewing themselves over their lifetimes, in much the way that bones do. Self-healing provides a case study in the way that biological systems can drive advances in materials, but Ian Bond says: "There's a lot more we could do with what we have?? the way we currently make composites is with flat layers and fibres all pointing in the same direction - it's that simple. "We're only beginning to understand how nature does what it does with such basic materials."17 August 2013Last updated at 14:57 GMT Timeline: Pro-Morsi protests Once again the Egyptian capital Cairo is seeing bloody clashes between security forces and anti-government protesters. This week's bloodshed is the culmination of weeks of tension at the sites of two sit-in protests mounted by the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted President Mohammed Morsi. Mr Morsi was deposed by the army on 3 July after mass protests against him. 16 August The Muslim Brotherhood calls for a "day of anger" following Friday prayers in response to the bloodshed two days earlier. The focal point for protests is Cairo's Ramses Square. The demonstrations quickly turn violent, with fierce street battles between Morsi supporters and plainclothes police and armed neighbourhood vigilantes who support the military government. Many of the dead and injured are taken to al-Fath mosque, near Ramses Square, which becomes a makeshift field hospital. The Egyptian government says 173 people have died as a result of the day's events. Over 1,000 Muslim Brotherhood members are arrested, and weapons confiscated, according to the interior ministry. 14 August Security forces move in in the early morning on the two sit-in protests where Morsi supporters had been camped out for six weeks. Tear gas is used and gunfire is heard. Armoured bulldozers are used to dismantle the camps. More than 600 people are killed in the operation, authorities say - the Muslim Brotherhood puts the death toll at more than 2,000. Clashes spread to other Egyptian cities, with reports of attacks on churches and against government buildings. The presidency announces a month-long state of emergency. Vice-President Mohamed ElBaradei announces his resignation from the interim government. 11 August Security forces threaten to clear sit-ins. A security official tells BBC Arabic the authorities had hoped the announcement to disperse them would encourage protesters to leave. However, the number of people at the sites increases and the operation is postponed. 27 July More bloody clashes between security forces and pro-Morsi protesters at the Rabaa al-Adawiya sit-in. Doctors estimate that more than 100 people were killed, but the health ministry puts the death toll at 65. Mr Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood blames the military for the deaths, accusing soldiers of shooting to kill. The government has denied this, insisting security forces only used tear gas, not live rounds. But a BBC correspondent in Cairo says the government claim appears to be untrue, given the severity and number of injuries. The Egyptian interior minister warns protesters they will "soon" be dispersed from Rabaa. 8 July At least 51 people die in clashes between pro-Morsi protesters and security forces near the Presidential Guard, where his supporters suspected he was being held. The Muslim Brotherhood said the army raided its sit-in at about 04:00 (02:00 GMT) as protesters were praying, and said that children were among the victims. 4 July Pro-Morsi protesters gather at the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in the eastern suburb of Medinat Nasr and Nahda Square near Cairo University to the the west. Mr Morsi and several other high-profile Muslim Brotherhood leaders are arrested. 3 July President Mohammed Morsi is deposed by Egypt's military after mass protests against him. The military suspends the constitution. A coalition of Islamist parties calls for mass demonstrations to denounce the army's actions.14 January 2011Last updated at 13:05 GMT Timeline: Silvio Berlusconi's political career Italy's pugnacious Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has enjoyed a long political life marked by dazzling highs - and scandalous lows. He was born in 1936, and in the decades before entering politics established a successful business career - first in housing construction and then building an empire of media and corporate interests. Despite being dogged by corruption allegations, verbal gaffes and accusations of affairs with women decades younger than him, Mr Berlusconi has demonstrated remarkable political longevity in a country known for its fractured politics and short-lived governments. January 2011 The Constitutional Court rules that immunity from prosecution enjoyed by Mr Berlusconi as a serving prime minister is not automatic. After a 13 January meeting, the court says individual judges should be allowed to decide whether immunity can be invoked. In an unrelated move the following day, prosecutors announce they are investigating the prime minister for abuse of power over claims that he leaned on police to try to have a 17-year-old nightclub dancer freed from police custody. Reports say the allegations include one involving underage prostitution. Mr Berlusconi's lawyers dismiss the claims as "absurd and groundless". December 2010 Motions of confidence in Italy's lower and upper houses of parliament - the Chamber of Deputies and Senate - decide Mr Berlusconi's fate as Italian leader. On 13 December, Mr Berlusconi makes a calm and measured appeal to legislators not to risk a crisis by voting against him. The following day, he survives as prime minister by just three votes. November 2010 Mr Berlusconi's former ally and fellow founder of the People of Freedom Party (PDL), Gianfranco Fini, urges him to step down at a public rally, citing a "moral decadence" in Italian society after the allegations about the teenage dancer emerge. On 15 November, four members of Mr Berlusconi's government resign in a blow to Mr Berlusconi, who faces yet another vote of confidence in December. September 2010 Mr Berlusconi survives another no-confidence vote, after appealing for national unity and warning that an attempt to bring down the government would risk instability. July 2010 Mr Berlusconi's government survives a confidence vote on an austerity package meant to bolster the country's finances. The prime minister insists he will hold on to power despite a public split with Mr Fini. The following month, he survives a no-confidence vote - but the vote demonstrates the strength of a group of rebel MPs. March 2010 Berlusconi's coalition makes strong gains from the centre-left in regional polls, but in August it loses its majority in lower house of parliament after more than 30 deputies break away from Mr Berlusconi's Party of Freedom. December 2009 Tens of thousands of people rally in Rome, demanding Mr Berlusconi's resignation. Days later, Mr Berlusconi is recovering in hospital after suffering two broken teeth, a minor nose fracture and cuts to his lip after being struck by a souvenir model of Milan cathedral thrown by a man who targeted the prime minister as he walked through the centre of Milan after a political rally. But Mr Berlusconi plays down the attack. October 2009 The Constitutional Court overturns a 2008 ruling granting Mr Berlusconi immunity from prosecution while in office - triggering the reopening of two cases of alleged corruption against him. Mr Berlusconi describes himself as the most persecuted person "in the entire history of the world". Nearly 100,000 Italian women sign a petition expressing anger over Mr Berlusconi's remark to a female politician that she was "more beautiful than intelligent" - in what correspondents say is a rare public outpouring from Italian women. May 2009 Mr Berlusconi comes under pressure to explain his relationship with aspiring model Noemi Letizia, and succeeds in blocking the publication of hundreds of photos said to show scantily-dressed young women attending parties hosted by Mr Berlusconi. Some of the pictures are later published by a Spanish newspaper. He is later forced to deny allegations that he paid prostitutes to attend parties at his official residences, and then that he offered one woman, Patrizia D'Addario, a seat in the European Parliament. April 2009 A month of extremes for Mr Berlusconi. He is praised for his speedy handling of the devastating earthquake which hit the medieval town of L'Aquila - attracting little domestic criticism for a remark in which he urged survivors to see their plight like "a weekend of camping". But later in April comes a very public dressing down - and the event which the BBC's Rome correspondent Duncan Kennedy says may come to be viewed as the turning point in Mr Berlusconi's fortunes. Mr Berlusconi's estranged wife, Veronica Lario, writes an open letter complaining about his behaviour with - and attitude towards - young women. She also confirms she will be filing for divorce. He "consorts with minors", she says in one lacerating phrase, after he attended Ms Letizia's 18th birthday party in Naples. February 2009 David Mills - a British lawyer who had acted on behalf of Mr Berlusconi in the early 1990s - is found guilty of accepting a large bribe, allegedly from Mr Berlusconi, and is sentenced to four-and-a-half years in jail. But a year later, his appeal ended with the Supreme Court of Cassation ruling that the statute of limitations had expired. Mr Mills - whose estranged wife was former British cabinet minister Tessa Jowell - is deemed guilty but no longer punishable for the crime. 2008 In January, a no-confidence vote forces Romano Prodi's government to resign, and in a general election in April, Mr Berlusconi wins a third term in office. With the support of the populist Northern League, the PDL enjoys solid majorities in both houses of parliament. A controversial law is passed granting the prime minister, president and two parliamentary speakers immunity from prosecution while in office - triggering the suspension of two court cases against Mr Berlusconi. November 2007 Mr Berlusconi launches his long-planned new centre-right People of Freedom party (PDL), to incorporate his own Forza Italia and the right-wing National Alliance of Gianfranco Fini. April 2006 Narrowly loses general election, coming second to his old rival Romano Prodi. April 2005 The government coalition collapses after suffering a crushing defeat in regional polls; Mr Berlusconi resigns. Days later, he forms a new government after receiving a presidential mandate. December 2004 After a four-year trial Prime Minister Berlusconi is cleared of corruption. 2001 Mr Berlusconi returns as prime minister, in coalition once more with his former partners. He remains in the post for the next five years, the head of what becomes the longest-serving Italian government since World War II. Despite his renewed popularity, allegations of wrongdoing continue to dog him. He is accused of embezzlement, tax fraud and false accounting, and attempting to bribe a judge. A number of cases come to trial. In some cases he is acquitted. In others, he is convicted, but the verdict is overturned on appeal. In others still, the statute of limitations expires before the case reaches its conclusion. Mr Berlusconi's government passed reforms shortening the statute of limitations for fraud. There is controversy in 2002 as parliament approves a bill enabling Mr Berlusconi to keep control of his businesses. Mr Berlusconi asserts that he is the victim of a conspiracy by a politically motivated judiciary. April 1996 He loses an election to the left-wing Romano Prodi. But, as ever, Mr Berlusconi refuses to be deterred and spends the next few years reorganising his party. March 1994 Mr Berlusconi is elected as MP and appointed prime minister in snap elections only a few months after founding his own political party, Forza Italia - Go Italy - named after a chant used by AC Milan fans. He is in coalition with the right-wing National Alliance and Northern League, but rivalries between the three leaders, coupled with Mr Berlusconi's indictment for alleged tax fraud by a Milan court, lead to the collapse of the government just seven months later.Peter Brookes's cartoons for the Times have portrayed David Cameron as an African Dung Beetle and Ed Miliband as Wallace.The Daily Politics looked at some of his images, before the cartoonist explained the "agony" of his work, on the day he published a book.He told Jo Coburn: "Inventing ways of humiliating Clegg by Cameron is one of life's great joys for me."More from the Daily and Sunday Politics: Watch full programmes from the last seven days via ; 'like' us on page or 'follow' us on3 September 2013Last updated at 01:09 GMT Tiny Gardiner's frog listens with its mouth By Victoria GillScience reporter, BBC News Scientists have discovered how one of the world's smallest frogs is able to hear with its mouth. The tiny, earless Gardiner's frog was assumed to be deaf. But this study revealed that it uses its mouth cavity to convey sound signals to its brain. The discovery solves the mystery of why the earless frog produces loud, high-pitched squeaks. The diminutive frogs, which live in the forests of the Seychelles, have no middle ear region at all, meaning they have no resonating eardrum. Researchers had therefore assumed that the animals had no way to amplify and transmit sound waves from the environment into the inner ear and, via nerve cells, to the brain. But this research revealed that the species defied those assumptions. The scientists made recordings of the frogs' calls and played them back to wild frogs in order to observe their behaviour. Justin Gerlach from the and a member of the research team, explained that the frog's call was "one of the characteristic noises in the forest". "It's a very loud high-pitched squeak," he told BBC News. The playback experiments showed that the frogs were able to hear these squeaks. "If you play the call, they respond," explained Dr Gerlach. "Either they change position - they may move to face where the call is coming from - or quite often they will call in response." Lead researcher Renaud Boistel from the French National Centre for Scientific Research added: "It's very funny actually; [the frogs would] even attack the loud speaker." Resonating mouth The next step was to find out how the frogs were able to hear the sound. To investigate this, the team used highly sensitive X-ray imaging techniques at the in Grenoble. This allowed them to examine the frog's anatomy in fine detail and and work out which body parts might play the role of the middle ear - transmitting sound wave signals via nerves to the brain. The team produced simulations of how the frog's head responded to sound waves of the same frequency as the frog's high-pitched call. This confirmed that, at those frequencies, the frogs' mouth cavity resonated like the body of a guitar - amplifying the sound. Gardiner's frogs have also evolved much thinner and fewer layers of tissue between their mouth cavity and inner ear. This allows sound waves to be more effectively transmitted to the "labyrinth" of fluid in the frogs' head and then onto the brain via nerve cells. Dr Boistel said: "This combination of a [resonating] mouth cavity and bone conduction allows Gardiner's frogs to perceive sound effectively without use of a middle ear." He added that he hoped the discovery of this novel hearing mechanism could be applied to help certain types of human deafness. Endangered and isolated Gardiner's frogs only live in the Seychelles. "They're cut off on an island in the middle of the Indian Ocean, which makes them one of the most geographically isolated frogs in the world," explained Dr Gerlach. "And they've been isolated there since Seychelles split from Indian 65 million years ago." The species is listed as endangered, primarily because its habitat is being degraded by fire, invasive species, and human activity including agriculture and tourism. Dr Gerlach said: "The possible extinction of these frogs would mean the loss of 65 million years of remarkable evolution: not only are their hearing systems unusual, but they are also among the smallest frogs in the world."30 April 2013Last updated at 13:53 GMT Toba super-volcano catastrophe idea 'dismissed' By Jonathan AmosScience correspondent, BBC News The idea that humans nearly became extinct 75,000 ago because of a super-volcano eruption is not supported by new data from Africa, scientists say. In the past, it has been proposed that the so-called Toba event plunged the world into a volcanic winter, killing animal and plant life and squeezing our species to a few thousand individuals. An Oxford University-led team examined ancient sediments in Lake Malawi for traces of this climate catastrophe. It could find none. "The eruption would certainly have triggered some short-term effects over perhaps a few seasons but it does not appear to have switched the climate into a new mode," said from Oxford's School of Archaeology. "This puts a nail in the coffin of the disaster-catastrophe theory in my view; it's just too simplistic," she told BBC News. The results of her team's investigation are . Glass signature The Toba super-eruption was the biggest volcanic blast on Earth in the past 2.5 million years, and probably further back than that as well. Researchers estimate some 2,000-3,000 cubic kilometres of rock and ash were thrown from the volcano when it blew its top on what is now the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Much of that debris landed close by, piling hundreds of metres deep in places. But a lot of it would also have gone into the high atmosphere, blocking out sunlight and cooling the planet. Sulphurous gases emitted in the eruption would have compounded this effect. Some scientists have argued that the winter conditions this would have induced could have posed an immense challenge to early humans and have pointed to some genetic studies that indicated our ancestors likely experienced a dramatic drop in numbers - a population "bottleneck" - around the time of the eruption. The Oxford team reasoned that if this perturbation was so great, it ought to be evident in the sediments of Lake Malawi. This body of water is some 7,000km west of Toba in the East African Rift Valley, from where our Homo sapiens species emerged in the past 100,000 years or so. The lake is said to retain an excellent record of past climate change which can be inferred from the types and abundance of algae and other organic matter found in its bed muds. Tens of metres of sediments have been drilled to retrieve cores, and it these recordings of past times that Dr Lane and colleagues examined. They identified tiny glass shards mixed in with the muds almost 30m below the lake bed. The shards represent small fragments of magma ejected from a volcano that have "frozen" in flight. "They're smaller than the diameter of a human hair, less than 100 microns in size," explains Dr Lane. "We find them by sieving the sediments in a very long process that goes through every centimetre of core." Chemical analysis ties the fragments to the Toba eruption. Re-timed droughts The shards are present only in traces, but indicate the eruption spewed ash much further than previously thought - about twice the distance recorded in other studies. But the investigation finds no changes in the composition of the sediments that would indicate a significant dip in temperatures in East Africa concurrent with the Toba eruption. What is more, the presence of the shards has allowed researchers to more accurately time other climate events that are seen in the cores. This includes a group of huge droughts previously dated to occur some 75,000 years ago. These have now been pushed back at least 10,000 before the eruption. "All long records like the Malawi cores are very difficult to date, particularly when you get beyond the limits of radiocarbon dating which is 50,000 years. So having a time marker like Toba in the cores is really exciting." Major reductions in population size leave their mark on genetic diversity of modern individuals. For Homo sapiens, such bottlenecks are evident some 100,000 years ago and 50,000-60,000 years ago - both probably related to migrations out of Africa. Dr Chris Tyler Smith studies genetics and human evolution at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge, UK. He said the Toba theory was a popular one a few years ago, but more recent study had led most researchers to move on from the subject. "It was an exciting idea when it was first suggested but it just hasn't really been borne out by subsequent advances," he told BBC News. Dr Lane's team included Ben Chorn and Thomas Johnson from the University of Minnesota, Duluth, US. and follow me on Twitter:6 April 2012Last updated at 09:08 GMT Tobacco display ban 'to curb young smokers' By Nick TriggleHealth correspondent, BBC News A ban on tobacco displays is coming into force in England - with ministers promising it will help curb the number of young people taking up smoking. Cigarettes and other products will have to be kept below the counter in large shops and supermarkets, while small outlets are exempt until 2015. Other parts of the UK are planning similar action to drive down smoking rates. Critics say the ban is discriminatory and will not discourage young smokers. Health Secretary Andrew Lansley told the BBC he hoped the ban would prevent people from taking up smoking and also help those trying to give up. He said: "Firstly, it reduces the visibility of tobacco and smoking to young people. And, of course two-thirds of smokers started smoking before they were eighteen. "So, if we can, literally, arrive at a place where young people just don't think about smoking and they don't see tobacco and they don't see cigarettes - then I hope we can make a big difference." He said the government recognised the pressures on retailers to comply with the ban but added: "We want to arrive at a place where we no longer see smoking as a normal part of life. We're doing it by stages with constant active pressure." 'Colourful displays' A fifth of adults smoke - a figure which has remained steady in recent years after decades of rapid falls. A plan to force manufacturers to put cigarettes into plain packets is also expected to be put out to consultation later this year. The display ban will apply to shops of more than 280 sq m (3,014 sq ft). Public health minister Anne Milton cited evidence from Ireland which suggested the measure could play an important role in discouraging young people in particular from smoking. "We cannot ignore the fact that young people are recruited into smoking by colourful, eye-catching, cigarette displays. "Most adult smokers started smoking as teenagers and we need to stop this trend." Jo Butcher, of the National Children's Bureau, agreed: "It's essential that we create a culture that promotes and protects public health and tobacco legislation is a significant factor in making this happen." Jean King, of charity Cancer Research UK, said the ban would help stop children who are attracted to brightly coloured tobacco packaging from taking up smoking but further action was still needed. "Of course we want to see the pack branding taken away as well. This is not a normal consumer product, it kills people. We want to protect the next generation of children," she said. However, the move has upset the tobacco industry. Moves by Scotland to introduce such a ban have been delayed by legal action taken by Imperial Tobacco. Meanwhile, a spokesman for British American Tobacco said: "We do not believe that hiding products under the counter or behind curtains or screens will discourage people, including the young, from taking up smoking. "There's no sound evidence to prove display bans are justified." He added if anything it could encourage the illicit trade of tobacco products. 'Social lepers' Andrew Opie, from the British Retail Consortium, said it was wrong to believe the legislation would have a major effect on young people and it was supermarkets and other shops which were bearing the brunt of the costs needed to comply with the ban. He said the organisation had calculated that it cost more than ?15m to ensure everything was sorted out before the ban came into place. He said: "Children are more likely to smoke when they're in a household where parents smoke and also they tend to get their cigarettes from either parents, or older peers, not directly from supermarkets. "It's certainly caused a lot of disruption to retailers as they didn't actually get that much notice to comply - and if you think that this is 6,000 shops in England, there are only so many shop-fitters that can do the work." David Atherton from the pro-smoking Freedom to Choose pressure group told BBC Radio 5 live he believed the state should not interfere with people's personal habits and added: "The idea of the anti-smoker groups is to denormalise us and to turn us into social lepers." The display ban was announced by the government last year as part of its tobacco control strategy. Although the legislation allowing it to happen was actually put in place by the Labour government before it lost power in 2010. A number of countries, including Canada, Ireland, Iceland and Finland, have already introduced similar bans. Prof David Hammond from the University of Waterloo in Ontario, said the ban led to a decline in smoking - especially among the young - in Canada. "The declines were greatest in the provinces where the ban had been implemented the longest. And that's consistent with the idea that when you remove something like marketing, it takes some time for the residual marketing to wear out."23 July 2013Last updated at 08:27 GMT Togo profile Togo, a narrow strip of land on Africa's west coast, has for years been the target of criticism over its human rights record and political governance. Tensions spilled over into deadly violence when its strong-arm, veteran leader died in 2005 and a succession crisis followed. Political reconciliation remains elusive. Togo formed part of the Slave Coast, from where captives were shipped abroad by European slavers during the 17th century. In 1884 it became the German protectorate of Togoland. It was seized by Britain and France at the start of World War I, divided and administered under League of Nations mandates. The British-ruled western part was later incorporated into what is now Ghana. France granted independence in 1960 and Togo's first president, Sylvanus Olympio, was assassinated in a military coup three years later. Head of the armed forces Gnassingbe Eyadema seized power in a 1967 coup and dissolved all political parties. Although political parties were legalised in 1991 and a democratic constitution was adopted in 1992, the leadership was accused of suppressing opposition and of cheating in elections. A joint UN-Organisation of African Unity investigation into claims that hundreds of people were killed after controversial elections in 1998 concluded that there had been systematic human rights violations. Gnassingbe Eyadema died in early 2005 after 38 years in power. The military's immediate but short-lived installation of his son, Faure Gnassingbe, as president provoked widespread international condemnation. Mr Faure stood down and called elections which he won two months later. The opposition said the vote was rigged. The developments of 2005 led to renewed questions about a commitment to democracy made by Togo in 2004 in a bid to normalise ties with the EU, which cut off aid in 1993 over the country's human rights record. Moreover, up to 500 people were killed in the political violence surrounding the presidential poll, according to the UN. Around 40,000 Togolese fled to neighbouring countries.29 May 2013Last updated at 16:27 GMT Tokelau profile Three far-flung coral atolls - Atafu, Nukunonu and Fakaofo - make up Tokelau, a Polynesian territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific. Lying between New Zealand and Hawaii, Tokelau has few physical links with the wider world. There is no airport and it takes more than a day at sea to reach its southern neighbour, Samoa. Most of the 1,500 islanders live by subsistence farming. Thousands have chosen to leave, usually for New Zealand or Samoa. The latter has a similar culture and language. The UN has earmarked Tokelau as one of a number of territories where it wants to encourage greater independence. However, Tokelauans have now twice voted to retain their colonial status rather than take on greater autonomy. The territory rejected self-rule in two separate referendums in 2006 and 2007. Tokelau has few resources apart from its fishing grounds, but makes some money from the sale of fishing rights and the use of its internet domain. New Zealand provides around 80% of the territory's budget and has tried to allay fears that it will abandon the atolls should Tokelau become autonomous. Emigrants from other Polynesian islands were the first settlers. Nineteenth-century whalers and missionaries were among the first European visitors to Tokelau, formerly known as the Union Islands. The atolls became a British protectorate in the late 19th century and for a time were part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony. New Zealand administered Tokelau from 1926. Like other low-lying Pacific territories, Tokelau is said to be at risk from rising sea levels. It is also vulnerable to tropical cyclones. In 2009 Tokelau - which had previously been totally dependent on the use of imported diesel for electricity generation - announced its ambition to become completely energy self-sufficient. In November 2012, New Zealand's foreign affairs minister that Tokelau had achieved its renewable energy goal with the completion of a $7m (?4.3m) solar power project. The project coordinator described the development as "a milestone of huge importance" for Tokelau and said it meant that the territory would now be able to spend more on social welfare. At the end of 2011, Tokelau - together with its Pacific neighbour Samoa - took a radical step to improve regional trade links by "skipping" a day and jumping westward across the international dateline to bring it closer in time to its main trade partners Australia and New Zealand.8 September 2013Last updated at 11:40 GMT Tokyo 2020: Japan's capital celebrates Olympics win By Rupert Wingfield-HayesBBC News, Tokyo For months journalists like me have been speculating on whether Tokyoites are really that enthusiastic about getting the Olympics. Well today we got our answer. As the announcement came through from Buenos Aires, venues across the city burst into uproar. I was at the Komozawa Gymnasium in the west of the city where a couple of thousand Olympic enthusiasts had stayed up all night. Japanese people are, by nature, quite reticent, but not this morning. As Jacques Rogge read out the name of the winning city they went berserk, jumping and shouting, crying and laughing. A few hours later, standing in the rain in Shibuya, the city's busiest shopping district, I questioned early morning shoppers coming out of the train station. The ecstasy may have been more subdued, but the sentiment was the same. Hard as I tried I couldn't find anyone who thought it was a bad idea. So much for my journalistic cynicism. Economists say Tokyoites have good reason to be cheerful. There's a lot of building to be done, and a lot of money to be spent. Like any Olympics, the centrepiece will be an extravagant stadium. Tokyo's has been designed by British architect Zaha Hadid. Its futuristic curves fit nicely with Tokyo's Olympic slogan: "Discover Tomorrow." But it comes at a huge price: more than $1.5bn. That is just a small part of the $8bn that will be spent on refurbishing old stadiums and building new ones. So it's all good news for Japan's construction companies, who have long been suckled on the teat of government spending. Fukushima fury But all this money going it to Tokyo may be less good news for other parts of the country, particularly the Tsunami ravaged north-east coast. In many areas re-construction has still barely begun. And then there are the people of Fukushima. A friend of mine who was born there could hardly contain her fury this week when she heard Japan's Olympic committee chief Tsunekazu Takeda reassuring the IOC about Fukushima. "Fukushima is a long way away," he said. "It is no threat to Tokyo." "No threat to Tokyo maybe," my friend said. "But what about the people who live in Fukushima?" About 100,000 people are still unable to go home because of the nuclear disaster that struck the Fukushima Daiichi plant more than two-and-a-half years ago. Many feel that the rest of Japan is already forgetting about them, and that the Japanese government only cares about getting the other nuclear power plants back on line. If there is one positive thing for the people of Fukushima to come from the Olympic decision, it is that the world is now watching even more closely to see what goes on there. The Japanese government has seven years to contain and neutralise the disaster properly.2 July 2013Last updated at 14:24 GMT Tonga profile A group of more than 170 islands spread over an area of the South Pacific roughly the size of Japan, Tonga is the last Polynesian monarchy. A deeply conservative, Christian country, Tonga voted in its first popularly elected parliament in 2010, ending 165 years of feudal rule. A former British protectorate, Tonga became fully independent in 1970, though it was never formally colonised. Tonga has no strategic or mineral resources and relies on agriculture, fishing and the money sent home by Tongans living abroad, many of them in New Zealand. Unemployment is high, particularly among the young. Endowed with tropical beaches, rainforest and active volcanoes, it has a developing tourist industry - its main source of hard currency. Almost all Tongans are Polynesian and its population has remained largely untouched by immigration. This has made it ideal for genetic research into the causes of common diseases. Although Tonga has a highly traditional society, calls by young, Western-educated Tongans for a more democratic constitution had become increasingly hard to ignore. In November 2009, a constitutional review panel recommended a ceremonial monarchy stripped of most of its real political power and a fully-elected parliament in place of the current, largely hereditary body. The king had previously indicated he was wholeheartedly committed to democratic reform. A first tentative step towards reform was taken in early 2005 when elected MPs were appointed to the cabinet - previously handpicked from outside parliament - for the first time. But demand for change became stronger. A public sector strike in 2005, marked by major street demonstrations, expanded into a campaign for political reform. In November 2006, riots erupted in the capital, in which eight people were killed.3 October 2013Last updated at 15:56 GMT Tony Blair joins Albania's campaign to join European Union Tony Blair is to help the Albanian government with its campaign for the country to join the European Union. The former UK prime minister said he would "love" the former Communist nation, one of the poorest in Europe, to be accepted. Albanian leader Edi Rama said Mr Blair, who is not receiving a fee, was "totally" committed to helping. The country has been criticised by EU officials previously for not doing enough to root out corruption. The EU added its 28th member state in July, with Croatia joining. Mr Blair, whose role will include lobbying officials and politicians, said it was "right and proper" for Albania to do the same. 'No illusions' Speaking in the capital, Tirana, he added: "The orientation toward Europe is immensely important, and personally I'd love to see this country join the family of European nations." Albania first applied to do so in 2009, but the European Commission has postponed the opening of negotiations, with officials raising concerns over organised crime and a lack of progress in bringing in democratic reforms. Mr Rama's main campaign pledge ahead of his June landslide election victory was to push for EU integration. Speaking at the same press conference as Mr Blair, he said: "I harbour no illusions. European integration is easy to speak of but very hard to attain." He added that the Albanian government would not be paying for a team of Mr Blair's assistants, who will be stationed in Tirana, and that funding for them would be sought from international institutions. Mr Blair was prime minister from 1997 to 2007 and now works as a UN Middle East peace envoy.3 October 2013Last updated at 14:04 GMT Toomebridge murder: Phelim McNally admits killing ex-partner's sister A 27-year-old man has been sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of his former partner's sister. Phelim McNally, from Station Park in Toomebridge, County Londonderry, was also found guilty of attempting to murder the mother of his two children. A jury had been sworn in to hear the case, but McNally changed his plea. Ms O'Neill was shot dead in William Court in Bellaghy in May 2012. Her sister, Brenda, 22, was seriously injured. The jury had been sworn in at Londonderry Crown Court but McNally pleaded guilty before a packed Belfast Crown Court, where his case had been listed at the last minute. Following his pleas, the judge told McNally the only sentence the court could pass, was one of life imprisonment. He said later this month he would "deal with the question of the appropriate tariff", setting out how long he must serve before being considered for parole. The O'Neill family's parish priest, Father Andrew Dolan, said McNally's admission of guilt had taken them by surprise. "I think it took them and it took everybody a bit on the hop that it all ended so quickly," he said. "Yesterday there was no word of any pleas, and certainly not a plea of this kind. And that he admitted to the killing has helped the family immensely, and helped, I suppose, his family too that they don't have to go through the whole torture of a trial."1 October 2013Last updated at 23:10 GMT Top 10 tips for writing a Hollywood blockbuster Tony Gilroy, one of Hollywood's most sought-after screenwriters, is responsible for The Devil's Advocate, Armageddon and the Bourne films, to name just a few. Alison Feeney-Hart met the man whose 2007 film Michael Clayton saw him receive Bafta and Oscar nominations for best original screenplay to find out his Top 10 tips for writing a Hollywood blockbuster. 1. Go to the movies I don't think there is anything you can learn from courses or books. You have been watching movies since you were born. You have filled your life with narrative and food. It's already way down deep inside you. Going to the movies, having something to say, having an imagination and the ambition to do it is really all that is required. You can learn how to do anything. 2. Make stuff up but keep it real This is imaginative work - screenwriters make things up. Everything I have in my life is a result of making things up. There is one thing that you have to know that is a deal-breaker - human behaviour. The quality of your writing will be directly related to your understanding of human behaviour. You need to become a journalist for the movie that is in your head. You need to report on it; every scene has to be real. 3. Start small Big ideas don't work. Start with a very small idea that you can build on. With Bourne I never read any of the books; we started again. The very smallest thing with [Jason] Bourne was, "If I don't know who I am and I don't know where I'm from, perhaps I can identify who I am by what I know how to do." We built a whole new world around that small idea. You just start small, you build out and you move one step after the next and that's how you write a Hollywood movie. 4. Learn to live by your wits My father was a screenwriter but it's not some pixie dust creative family thing. I learned from watching how hard he worked and learned about the tempo of a writer's life - you have to live by your wits. If you are living with someone who lives by their wits, it seems normal to you, it doesn't scare you as much and you understand the rhythms of it. 5. Write for TV It's getting harder and harder to make good movies. TV is where the ambiguity and shades of reality live, it's where stories can be interesting. A lot of writers are very excited about TV right now and it's a writer-controlled business. When writers are in control, good things happen. They are more rational, they are hardworking, they are more benevolent. Every time writers have been put in charge of entertainment, things have worked out, so with TV maybe we will see a writer-driven utopia. 6. Learn to write anywhere, anytime I have an office at home, I've written in a million hotel rooms, I can write anywhere now. My whole goal is to want to be at my desk. If the writing is going well, I don't want to quit. I'm older and wise enough now that if something is going well, I don't stop. I call and say I'm not coming home for dinner and just keep going. More than anything else, I want to want to go to my desk and to not be afraid of going to work. 7. Get a job I spent six years tending bar while I figured out how to write screenplays. If you want to write, if you are a young writer and nobody knows you, find a job that pays you the most amount of money for the least amount of hours, so that you have the most amount of time left over to write. You want to live some place where you have some sort of cultural connection and can see as many films and be around as many people as possible. You want to be some place where you can just write and write and write. 8. Get a life If you don't have anything to say and if you haven't done anything except see a bunch of movies, then what's the point? You can only write what you know about and that will either limit you or open the possibilities to everything. Be interested in lots of things and stay interested. My knowledge is very wide and incredibly thin. It's much more interesting when journalists and cops and doctors and bankers become screenwriters than 20-year-old film students. There are some exceptions, of course, but if you don't have anything to say, then why are you here? 9. Don't live in Los Angeles I don't think there is any reason to live there, I think LA is probably very bad for you. It's a bad place to feed your head. In LA you are driving around all the time, surrounded by people who are making you depressed. I don't think Hollywood really helps a young writer feel any sense of romance about their life. Even if it's a delusion, you want to feel special when you go to work in the morning. 10. Develop a thick skin and just keep going I have assumed both positions of the Hollywood Kama Sutra - top and bottom. It's very important to be able to handle rejection. I think one of the reasons writers are shy is because we are all very suspicious of our own process because it fails so often. It's no different from being a novelist or a composer or a painter. When you get rejection from the outside world, you either move on or you don't. But I think the hardest times are all the days when nothing happens and everybody who has ever written anything knows what I'm talking about. A great day of writing tops everything. Tony Gilroy was speaking in London where he was taking part in the Bafta and BFI Screenwriters' Lecture Series.This autumn more than a million students are going to take part in an experiment that . Some of the biggest powerhouses in US higher education are designing courses that will be free for students online - testing how their expertise and scholarship can be brought to a global audience. Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have formed an alliance to launch edX - a platform for online courses. Stanford and Princeton are providing courses on the Coursera platform. Irina Khokhlova talks to the president of edX, Anant Agarwal and to the co-founder of Coursera, Andrew Ng. Additional footage courtesy of EdX and Coursera.4 October 2013Last updated at 17:12 GMT Torbay Hospital doctor Suhail Ahmed jailed over secret photos A junior doctor who sexually assaulted and secretly took photographs of female patients has been jailed for 18 months. Suhail Ahmed, 28, of Cyncoed Road, Cardiff, used a hidden mobile phone camera to take over 100 images during examinations at Torbay Hospital. He pleaded guilty to 11 counts of voyeurism and two counts of sexual assault by touching. Exeter Crown Court heard his victims had been left "devastated". The South Devon Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust (SDHCT), which runs Torbay Hospital, said it was appalled by Ahmed's "abhorrent abuse of power" and reassured the public there was no ongoing concern or risk to patient safety. The trainee surgeon, who was working in the hospital's A&E department, was suspended by the General Medical Council last July. Ahmed touched the women as he removed their clothing in order to get a better view of their bodies for his mobile phone camera. 'Extreme pain' He carried out intimate examinations - claiming his mobile phone was being used to time their heart rate. Some of his patients were in extreme pain or recovering from surgery at the time of his attacks, between March and June last year, the court heard. He was caught and suspended by the hospital when two women separately made complaints about their examinations. A subsequent police investigation uncovered 110 images of patients at the hospital uploaded on to his computer from his mobile phone. Ahmed initially denied any wrongdoing but later admitted the offences in police interview. The court was told the victims had been left devastated by their ordeal, with one unable to leave her house. Sentencing Ahmed, Judge Francis Gilbert QC said: "Your victims describe their distress at what you did and the continued effect it has had upon them." 'Career ruined' Defending, David Martin, insisted the photographs had not been distributed or shown to anyone. "Here is an individual who has in every way ruined his career," Mr Martin said. "It was a tremendous achievement to get to where he had and it has been thrown away in this ridiculous behaviour." Ahmed was also ordered to sign the sex offenders register. After the sentencing Det Ch Insp Nick Wilden, of Devon and Cornwall Police, said: "The behaviour of Ahmed can only be described as one of the most despicable breaches of trust perpetrated by a doctor imaginable."3 October 2013Last updated at 08:05 GMT Tornado damages Galway buildings A tornado has caused structural damage to a number of buildings in the Republic of Ireland, knocking down several trees. There are no reports of any injuries but power supplies were affected around the Clonfert area of Galway on Wednesday evening. Locals described how a "black cloud" was spotted above Clonfert shortly after 18:30 BST. One eyewitness said a cloud was spinning as it moved along. The BBC Northern Ireland weather department said: "When a funnel cloud touches the ground it becomes a tornado." Parish priest Fr John Naughton said the way in which trees had been damaged was "almost indescribable". He said branches had been whipped away and that a number of old trees in the area had been uprooted. A number of old gravestones in the cemetery adjoining St Brendan's Cathedral in Clonfert have been knocked over by the winds. A number of roofs have also been dislodged from farm buildings. It is understood the roof of the tea rooms at the back of the Emmanuel House of Prayer in Clonfert has been badly damaged. Met ?ireann said: "Funnel clouds can form in isolated cases following heavy showers and when this happens they generate locally strong winds, similar to those reported in east Galway."1 October 2013Last updated at 18:26 GMT Torture 'widespread' in Libyan jails - UN report Torture and ill-treatment, sometimes resulting in death, is "widespread" in Libyan jails, a new UN report says. torture is most frequent used "immediately after arrest and during the first days of interrogation". The UN estimates about 8,000 people are still being held in relation to the 2011 conflict which ended in the overthrow of Col Gaddafi. The vast majority are being held without due process, the report says. Torture is being used "as a means to extract confessions or other information", the UN says. The United Nations Support Mission in Libya says it has recorded 27 deaths in custody since late 2011 "where there is significant information to suggest that torture was the cause", with 11 of the cases occurring in 2013. The report does note however that the use of torture is happening "despite the efforts of the Libyan authorities which are committed at the highest level to ending torture and to ensuring the proper functioning of the criminal justice system". It notes that a "major factor" in ill-treatment and torture of detainees is the "current situation of prolonged detention and interrogation at the hands of armed brigades". It recommends that detainees held by the brigades be handed over to "effective state control". Libya's central government has struggled to tackle the presence of armed militias since Col Gaddafi's death in 2011. In June, Libyan army chief of staff Youssef al-Mangoush resigned after 30 people died in clashes between protesters and a militia in Benghazi. Earlier in the year, militiamen surrounded several government ministries in the capital Tripoli.1 October 2013Last updated at 17:46 GMT Tory conference: Hip-hop Hamlet 'racist and evil' By Hannah Richardson BBC News education reporter Teaching Shakespeare with a hip-hop soundtrack is patronising, evil and "viciously racist" to black pupils, the Tory Party conference has been told. Youth mentor and writer Lindsay Johns, a guest speaker invited by Education Secretary Michael Gove, said teachers were "hell-bent on making everything cool or hip". They should "stop genuflecting at the altar of youth", he said. "Hamlet doesn't need a hip-hop sound track for young people to enjoy it." Mr Johns added: "It's been doing just fine for the last 400 years." "It's not only incredibly patronising, but also viciously racist to think that black and brown kids in the inner cities will only 'get Shakespeare' if it's set to a hip-hop beat and presented in three-minute, MTV-Base-style chunks. "It is positively evil to deny inner city kids access to the manifold joys of hearing their national poet's true voice, in essence their birthright, simply because of a culture of low expectations." Mr Johns said he was tired of "vacuous PC [politically correct] educationalists who took great offence at Mr Gove's drive for a national curriculum more focused on English literary classics and the history of Britain. He said: "Young people need more not fewer dead white men - by dead white men I mean the Western literary canon. "You can of course be fiercely proud of your Jamaican, Ghanaian or black British roots and ardently love Horace, Boccaccio and Milton. "The two are in no way mutually exclusive and they certainly don't make you any less black or less brown by reading them." The novels of Jane Austen and Charles Dickens were just as relevant to all young people no matter what colour or creed, he said, adding that it was "positively nefarious" to deny access to them. Mr Johns also attacked "bling culture" and "ghetto grammar", which he said were holding some youngsters back and making them sound like they had had "a frontal lobotomy" "Our aim is for the young people to confound, not conform to stereotypes," he said. Mr Johns, who himself studied French and Italian at Oxford, also said a portrayal of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge as institutionally racist was "actually putting off ferociously bright, black, brown, and white, working-class kids from applying". "Maybe, just maybe, if you didn't keep on discouraging them from applying in the first place with your duplicitous horror stories of how terrible life is there, then levels of representation would actually get better," he said.30 September 2013Last updated at 06:28 GMT Toshiba to halve staff numbers in TV unit Japanese electronics firm Toshiba has said it will halve the number of staff in its TV division to 3,000 as it looks to revamp the unit's operations. The changes will also see the firm close two of its three overseas TV manufacturing facilities. Toshiba said it would focus on emerging markets including Asia and Africa, and end sales in "unprofitable regions". Toshiba, like other Japanese TV makers, has been hit by slowing demand, falling prices and increased competition. The company's digital products division, which includes TV manufacturing, saw its losses widen to 16.3bn yen ($166m; ?103m), in the financial year to 31 March, compared with a loss of 3.3bn yen a year earlier. Toshiba, which makes the Regza brand TV sets, that the changes were aimed "toward improving profitability and strengthening foundations of the business". The firm said it would separate the TV business from its Digital Products & Services Company and merge it with Toshiba Home Appliances Corporation. Ultra high-definition Toshiba said that it would move resources towards making large screen ultra high-definition (HD) 4K LCD TVs "where growing demand is expected". Leading global manufacturers have been looking at this segment, which offers four times the amount of detail as 1080p high-definition TV, as an area of potential growth. Panasonic and South Korea's LG are among the manufacturers that have launched ultra HD TVs. Toshiba's move to focus on the technology also comes as Japan is looking to become the the first country to broadcast 4K programming over satellite from 2014, in time for the football World Cup. Earlier this year, a Japanese telecoms company said that it was carrying out tests to try to prove that 4K-resolution video could be streamed over the internet to television set-top boxes.4 October 2013Last updated at 22:12 GMT Tottenham and West Ham fans warned about 'yid' chants Tottenham Hotspur and West Ham United fans have been warned against chanting the word "yid" ahead of their derby clash on Sunday. The Metropolitan Police said fans using the term could be arrested. The warning comes as the north London club has sent a questionnaire asking if the word should be banned from chants. Spurs have a strong Jewish following and have been the target of abuse from opposition fans, however some Spurs supporters use the term themselves. The chairman of the footballers' union, Clarke Carlisle, said fans should be banned for using the word, however Prime Minister David Cameron has said people should not be prosecuted unless it used as an insult. 'Debated at length' The Football Association has warned supporters that the use of such words could result in a banning order or criminal charges. The Met said the term caused harassment, alarm or distress to others, and officers would be taking action to stamp it out. Ch Supt Mick Johnson, the match commander on Sunday, said: "This topic has been debated at length but our position is clear, racism and offensive language have no place in football or indeed in society. "Those supporters who engage in such behaviour should be under no illusion that they may be committing an offence and may be liable to a warning or be arrested." West Ham United also warned supporters that "unacceptable conduct" at Sunday's match could lead to fans being banned from attending games. In a statement on its the football club said: "The club, along with the Metropolitan Police, will continue to adopt a zero tolerance policy towards any form of discriminatory behaviour this year. "Any fan found to be acting inappropriately - including racist, anti-Semitic and homophobic behaviour - will be punished to the full extent of the law and banned from attending matches." In a statement issued late on Friday the Tottenham Hotspur Supporters Trust (THST) said they believed no Spurs fan "uses the term 'yid' in an offensive or insulting way". But it said the distinction between the use of the term as a "badge of honour and a call to arms" and the "anti-Semitic abuse levelled at our fans by supporters of opposing teams appears to have been dismissed by the FA and the Metropolitan Police". The decision to "label the songs our fans have been singing and the chants our fans have been chanting for decades as racist overnight" was, it said, incomprehensible and could be in breach of freedom of expression legislation. The statement ended not by warning fans not to use the term, but urged those at the game "to make their decision as to whether or not to use the term on Sunday equipped with all the information available".19 June 2013Last updated at 15:33 GMT Tour de Congo cycling event begins in Matadi The first cycling tour of the Democratic Republic of Congo has begun in the west of the country in Matadi, a port city on the Congo River. Cyclists from France and across Africa are taking part in the nearly 900km (600-mile) Tour de Congo. Competitors will ride nine stages over 12 days but will not travel to the volatile east of DR Congo, which is the size of Western Europe. It was expected to start on Tuesday, but was delayed for 24 hours. The BBC's Maud Jullien in Kinshasa says organisers postponed the race by a day as they wanted the tour to end in the capital city on 30 June, DR Congo's independence day. According to the UN's Radio Okapi, Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo saw off about 60 cyclists. There are 34 foreigners competing from eight African countries and France, the radio station reports. One of the African teams is from Rwanda, which has had a fractious relationship with its neighbour since the 1994 genocide when many Hutu fighters fled to DR Congo. Rwanda denies UN accusations that it backs rebel forces in DR Congo. The other African teams come from Benin, Burkina Faso, neighbouring Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. President of the Congolese Cycling Federation, Sylvestre Mutayo, says cycling has always been an important sport in DR Congo Historically it was the most popular sport after football, but because of economic difficulties it lost the "second place" in the last decade, he said. The course - which goes to the more central city of Kikwit before heading west again to Kinshasa - will demonstrate to people that conflict does not affect the whole country, he said. "The tour will show people that we have infrastructure, and that people are friendly and hospitable, open to tourism," he told the BBC. Our reporter says the event has been largely financed by the government with help from private sponsors and will be filmed from the air by a media company using drones. Despite DR Congo's size, transport infrastructure is very poor and it is estimated that of about 153,000km of roads, less than 3,000km are paved.24 June 2013Last updated at 23:00 GMT Tour de France 100 The cyclists taking part in the centennial staging of the world's greatest bike race will cover nearly 3,500 km in 21 stages - as they seek to emulate Sir Bradley Wiggins' 2012 victory. But how does the corporate, science-based Tour of the 21st Century compare to the early days of the competition, when riders lacked gears and were very much on their own? Here, at the start a series of reports looking at the business behind the race, take a nostalgic look back. Hear from Graeme Fife, author of Tour de France, the History, the Legend, the Riders - and Brian Robinson who became, in 1955, the first British man to complete the race. All images subject to copyright. Archive photographs courtesy Getty Images, TopFoto.co.uk and Press Association. Music by Kraftwerk and KPM Music. Slideshow production by Paul Kerley. Publication date 25 June 2013. Related: More audio slideshows:5 July 2013Last updated at 00:01 GMT Tour de France fans follow their heroes By Alex MurrayBBC News, Nice, France The Tour de France remains one of few global sporting events that you can attend for nothing - and stand close enough to the competitors to smell their sweat as they pass. With nearly 3,500km (2,175 miles) of open road available, there's no shortage of space to set up your picnic table and await not just the race, but also the carnival of sponsors' floats that precedes it. Traditionally, cycling fans have made their own way, planning their trip according to their budget and transport, from bicycle touring to motor homes. Some have even attempted to hitch-hike their way around the race on as little as a euro a day. Finding accommodation in or near locations already swamped with the race entourage can require planning and reserving, as far in advance as the preceding October, when the race route is announced. Getting the cheapest prices on travel also involves being willing and able to pounce as soon as journeys become available, many months in advance. For a growing number of fans travelling from Anglophone countries, these logistical challenges, combined with the language barrier, have provided specialist companies with plenty of opportunity to capitalise on the three-week event. 'Complex' logistics With 20 years' experience running cycling trips, Sports Tours International claims to be one of the biggest players in the market. Across the three weeks of the Tour, it offers packages ranging from a 12-day, ?2,000 trip, covering the last 10 or 11 days of the race, to two-night coach trips to Paris for the final weekend, costing from ?349. The numbers can vary from hundreds in the opening week to "thousands" in the climactic final week. A key component for about half of all customers is being able to bring their own bike and ride sections of the race route, as well as riding to find the prime spot to see the race. "On stages, you don't want to be at the start and finish, you want to be on the most exciting mountain, where you have access to the best vantage point. Some of the people ride from the hotel, others might take the coach and walk, or a mixture of the three," says Brendan Fox, Sports Tours International's head of commercial operations. "We might spend three or four nights in the same hotel, which has access to many stages, and then move on. Logistically, it is quite complex." Thanks to the relationships the company has developed with hoteliers, it can sometimes get priority in the fight for the last remaining rooms in a town welcoming Le Tour. Up close and personal At every stage start and finish, you can find fans massed around the team vehicles, hoping for a glimpse of their favourite riders, the chance of an autograph or a piece of team merchandise, caps and water bottles being immensely popular. Some will even hunt out the team hotels in the evening, in the hope of meeting their heroes. As Chris Froome's Team Sky discovered when they tried putting an in 2010, fans see the freedom to watch and engage with the riders as they prepare as central to cycling's appeal, not an aspect that can be dictated to them by the teams. At the team bus in Nice, several hours before the stage began, there was already a crowd of fans waiting for the riders, with a transparent screen in place only at one end of the preparation area. Trek Travel originated in 2003, as part of manufacturer Trek Bicycle, the firm that sponsored now-disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong at the height of his popularity. It was spun off as a separate business in 2006. It derives its cachet from being an official partner of the event and being able to guarantee access to Trek-sponsored teams and riders. The predominantly American group we met in Nice relished the opportunity to explore the Radio Shack Leopard Trek bus, talk with team staff and meet star riders including the 2010 winner, Andy Schleck, at the team's hotel. This comes at a hefty premium, with its clientele paying $7,499 (?5,000) for a six-day itinerary based around the opening four stages of the race. A ride in a team vehicle costs an additional $1,000. For some of the group, the trip was a one-off for various reasons: a birthday present; a father-and-son bonding opportunity; a significant anniversary celebration. Lifelong ambition Freddy Parker, an aircraft mechanic from California, had taken advantage of unused home equity credit to fund his three-week "trip of a lifetime" to see the whole race. A bike race fan since 1987, his being at the Tour represented a lifetime ambition. "From where I'm from in Nicaragua, Central America, I don't think many people get to come here and see this, something special, especially being its 100th edition," he says. As he pressed against the barriers to get the best view and photo of the riders as they hurtled past, his emotions were the same as any other spectator along the route of cycling's biggest event. "Just being here, seeing the riders, the race - even if it's for a few seconds - being in the same town and same locations, that's the exciting part for me." But few will make the financial commitment he has made to follow the entire race. "So far it's cost me $32,000 (?21,000), not including expenses," he admits. Watching Freddy as he explored the team bus and met his favourite rider, Andy Schleck, the price seemed the furthest thing from his mind. He seemed lost in the moment and as excited as the children ahead of him in the line to get a signed cap and a photo with Schleck. Over dinner, he talked with evident emotion about how much being able to speak to Schleck and wish him luck in the race meant to him, as someone who had dreamt of a career as a professional. The story was one he said he would remember for the rest of his life and one he was certain to share with friends and family. For some, the financial cost of such a moment of happiness seems well worth paying. And for the millions who will joyfully line the route throughout July, the spectacle of the Tour de France passing remains remarkably free to watch, as it has done throughout the preceding 99 editions.1 July 2013Last updated at 23:02 GMT Tour de France sponsors reap benefits of TV coverage By Bill WilsonBusiness reporter, BBC News For a sport whose image has taken such a beating in recent years, there appear to be signs that cycling may be getting to the top of what has been a steep climb towards winning back respectability. A decade of drug scandals was rounded off last winter with the biggest of them all - the . It led experts to warn that the sport And one existing long-term sponsor, Dutch bank Rabobank, quit the sport after 17 years, warning that it was no longer sure cycling could be "clean and fair". However, with the disgraced Texan slowly being consigned to memory, and the promise of , it seems the potential benefits of being associated with the sport - and its biggest race, the Tour de France - retain a strong lure. For sponsors, the Tour provides huge on-the ground audiences (with some stages attracting crowds of up to a million people), three weeks of extensive global TV coverage, and a tech-savvy fan base which allows for new media and online marketing. 'Brand awareness' For the Tour's newest team sponsors, - which took over the former Rabobank team - the attractions of backing the sport just before the 100th Tour de France seemed obvious. "Cycling has a great reach from a worldwide perspective," says Chet Pipkin, chief executive and founder of Belkin. "This is a perfect time for us to get increased visibility of our brand around the world, and we think that this cycling team can now take the Belkin name around the world by bike." Major French sportswear brand Le Coq Sportif is another firm which has returned to the Tour in the past 12 months, coming back as a race sponsor and supplier last year after having been associated with the race from 1951 to 1988. It makes the iconic "maillot jaune" or yellow jersey, worn by the race leader. The firm's marketing manager, Cyril Du Cluzeau, points to the fact that the stages are broadcast on more than 200 channels worldwide to an audience of four billion people, and that the Tour de France is the third-largest sporting event in the world. "Le Coq Sportif will benefit from having our logos seen worldwide and we believe it is an opportunity to increase brand awareness on an international scale, as well being able to get back to our roots of being a sports supplier," he says. 'Fantastic value' An indication of the sort of exposure the likes of Belkin and Le Coq Sportif can hope to enjoy can be seen in recent research by Cycling News magazine in conjunction with sports market researchers Repucom. They estimate that the average media exposure for each team taking part in the Tour de France is $70m (?45m), accounting for some 80% of the total such exposure a team can enjoy in a year. For Dr Simon Chadwick, a sports business expert at Coventry University, who has extensively studied sports sponsorship, being involved with the Tour de France is a good deal. "The companies are getting this fantastic worldwide global television audience every day of the tour, not to mention the millions of spectators at each stage - it is just such fantastic value for money," he says. Dr Chadwick believes the drug problems experienced by the sport in the past actually provide another positive attraction for firms wanting to back cycling - mainly because after years of bad publicity there are favourable financial opportunities out there for would-be backers. "I spoke to a cycling sponsor about what they were getting for their money - they said it was fantastic value because cycling as a sport is desperate to get any sponsors they can," he said. However, Belkin's Chet Pipkin denies that this was a prime motivator as far as his firm was concerned, and that it had taken a lot of time looking at potential sponsorships, both in other sports and outside sport. It also looked at the demographics of its customers and which sponsorship would work best before choosing cycling. For another French firm which is a Tour partner, telecoms giant Orange, the event is about extending and pushing its tech capabilities as well as brand exposure. It has been a partner for the past 15 years, supplying communications technology specifically designed for each stage of the competition, according to its length, route and weather conditions. "The Tour de France is a highly prominent international event that is very important for Orange," says Stephane Tardivel, the firm's director of sponsorship. 'Honest approach' But, despite these signs of a sport picking up momentum, some sponsorship challenges remain. Cycling has yet to attract the big global brands such as Coca-Cola, McDonald's or Visa that football, for example, attracts. Rather, the sponsors come from cycling's "heartland nations" in Europe, as seen with Le Coq Sportif and Orange, which is the brand flagship of France Telecom. However, according to Mr Pipkin of Belkin, the future is looking bright. "Like most people I feel uncomfortable when people are working outside the boundaries of what is honest and right," he says. "But there has really been strong and enthusiastic expressions by the team and riders to take a very honest approach to the sport. "Our deal covers three tours, but we hope to be involved with many, many more tours after that."15 July 2013Last updated at 23:01 GMT Tour de France: The race to find the extra inch By Dave LeeTechnology reporter, BBC News "Life's this game of inches. One half-second too slow, too fast and you don't quite catch it. The inches we need are everywhere around us." So said Al Pacino, in his role as Tony D'Amato in the 1999 film Any Given Sunday. He was talking about American football, but the sentiment could apply to any competitive sport - especially cycling, where inches mean champions, yellow jerseys and a place in history. And so it was, in stage four of this year's Tour de France, when . After 26 minutes spent cycling 25km, it all came down to less than a few tenths of a second. Simon Smart had a lot to do with that success. Following 14 years working in Formula One, he brought his biomechanical expertise to cycling and founded Smart Aero Technology - a company based in Brackley, an English town not far from Silverstone racing circuit, and one that lives and breathes motorsport. Mr Smart designed the Scott Plasma, the bike ridden by the Orica GreenEdge team as it triumphed in Nice. The team also used one of Smart Aero's helmets, another crucial factor in shaving off valuable time. 'Tiny details' Like Al Pacino's football coach, Mr Smart has made finding those added inches his obsession, seeking out the smallest of differences to discover what the industry calls marginal, or incremental, gains. Find enough of them - a tweak to a pedal design here, a smooth lump on a helmet there - and you have a winner on your hands. "You're looking for the tiny details," he told the BBC. "You're looking to change the shape of something by maybe 0.1mm, and it's making a difference." Every cycling component, be it the frame, wheels or even the cyclists themselves, is slowing a rider down in some way. The goal, of course, is to minimise that speed loss - known to the experts as reducing drag. Discovering where drag occurs is a highly complex - and expensive - process. "The trick there is in developing the tools that can measure the smallest of differences," Mr Smart explains. "Once you can measure the small differences, you can spot the small gains and add them up." Core to that discovery process is the use of technology known as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). After designing a bike using computer-aided design software (CAD), Simon is able to simulate what the bike will be like to ride, with the CFD software producing something akin to a heat map of drag. If the CFD shows areas where the air flow faces greater resistance, it means the rider will be slowed down in real life too. But the experimentation doesn't end there. "The downside of that is that it's not the real world, it's on a computer, and it doesn't always give you the true answers." Into the tunnel Being at the home of motorsport has its advantages when you're in need of real-world analysis. On the same site as Smart Aero sits a research and development hub owned by Mercedes, part of which is a wind tunnel used to test the aerodynamics of, among other things, Formula One cars. Specialized, a US firm, and one of Smart Aero's competitors, recently invested in its very own in-house wind tunnel - one which is big enough to accommodate several bikes and riders at a time. As well as testing out the high-end bikes, Specialized also plans to put some of its cheaper models, even commuter bikes, into the tunnel. "Being able to put multiple riders in isn't good just for road studies - we're very keen to do some commuter draft testing, to see the optimal way to draft off of your buddy commuting to work," said Mark Cote, performance, road and tri-manager at Specialized, in an . The fact that this high-end technology is being used to help commuter bikes is a reflection on the cycling industry as a whole. Unlike other sports, such as Formula One, the bikes in the Tour de France have to be full commercial products that are on the market. It means a designer can't simply make a bike that's perfect for one rider in set conditions. It's a big challenge, but one that means the bikes ridden by the pros - and the technology that helped make them - filter down to enthusiasts the world over. For Specialized, having their own wind tunnel is about helping the collaborative designing process, Mark Cote says. "Having an on-site wind tunnel means instead of three to five engineers and product managers going to a wind tunnel test for an idea, literally the entire team can walk down the street and offer up ideas. "So a graphic designer, [who] maybe has never been in a wind tunnel, can see something and say, 'Hey, why don't you do this?' and since we look at this stuff all day, there are often new ideas that come out this way." Stretchy socks By far the most disruptive element in causing drag is one fairly critical to the bike's operation: the rider. By and large, people aren't naturally aerodynamic, and so great efforts are made to smooth out the human body to minimise the adverse effect. Many riders will wear skin suits, tailored exactly to their shape, made from fabrics that are known to react in certain ways at higher speeds. "It's not the easiest thing to make," says Simon Smart. "Because you're trying to avoid the seams that can interrupt the airflow and cause early separation, which increases the drag of the body massively." On a cyclist's feet - below freshly-shaven legs - can be found a pair of overshoes, stretchy plastic-like socks that slip over the rider's shoes, the buckles of which can contribute to drag. Special socks alone won't win a Tour de France, but it is perhaps the simplest manifestation of the marginal gain theory. British cycling's performance director Dave Brailsford, who helped mastermind Team GB's world-beating display at London 2012, made it his obsession to find the 1% gains in every aspect of competition. "There's fitness and conditioning, of course, but there are other things that might seem on the periphery, like sleeping in the right position, having the same pillow when you are away and training in different places," he told the BBC not long after his Olympic success. "Do you really know how to clean your hands? Without leaving the bits between your fingers? "They're tiny things, but if you clump them together, it makes a big difference." Or, as a slightly-censored Al Pacino put it: "We know, when we add up all those inches, that's gonna make the difference between winning and losing." Follow Dave Lee .14 February 2012Last updated at 00:31 GMT Townsend Griffiss, forgotten hero of World War II By Stephen MulveyBBC News It's 70 years this week since the first US air force officer was killed in Europe, following America's entry into World War II. By heading the list of 30,000 USAAF men to lose their lives in the European theatre, Lt Col Townsend Griffiss became a footnote in the history of the war. But who was he and how did he die? There is no memorial to Townsend Griffiss in the UK, but a corner of Bushy Park in west London offers the faintest of reminders. Here, half covered by grass, are a handful of tablets in the earth, marking the various blocks of Camp Griffiss, the British headquarters of the US Army Air Force, set up in the summer of 1942. It's a royal park, and the royal deer help prevent the plaques disappearing into the grass entirely. Overhead, civilian airliners pass by on their way towards nearby Heathrow. From above, the outlines can also be made out of some of the wartime buildings where up to 3,000 US and British servicemen and women toiled in the months before D-Day. The last buildings disappeared in the early 1960s, and another half a century on, the name Griffiss does not mean much to a Londoner. But the fact that the camp was given his name - along with another airbase in upstate New York a few years later - indicates how highly he was regarded by the US military. At the time of his death on 15 February 1942, he was 41 years old, a high-flying officer, returning from the Soviet Union, where he had been sent on a diplomatic mission by US Army Chief of Staff Gen George Marshall. He had earlier been one of the sharpest observers of the Spanish Civil War, sending home crucial information about the capability of German, Italian and Russian aircraft, analysing the role these new forces were playing in the conflict, and forecasting the role they would play in future wars. In mid-1941, he was one of the first US officers sent over as "special observers" to London - officially neutral, but in reality preparing the ground for the military alliance that would become public after Pearl Harbor. In photographs, there is a mischievous glint in his eye, and on his lips, very often, a textbook example of a half smile. The impression that he was a man who knew how to enjoy life is confirmed , full of references to bronzed Dianas and Apollos and the strumming of ukuleles, and occasional allusions to a girlfriend named only as EW. Written during his stint as a fighter pilot on the islands from 1925 to 1928, it makes no explicit mention of his day job, but drops a few hints. "I dare say that very few have ever had the privilege of spending a morning at an Air Corps Flying Field, especially at one having so important a function as Wheeler Field, the home of the 18th Pursuit Group," he writes, tongue possibly in cheek. He also suggests a trip to the islands' other main flying base, Luke Field, adding: "If you contemplate such a visit, I suggest that you call the adjutant." Griffiss himself served at both fields at one time or another, and for a while as adjutant. When he wrote those words, he may have in effect been telling readers to call himself. During his period on the islands, he notes, beachwear became more and more daring, until "ninety-nine hundredths stripping" became acceptable. At an early stage, he writes, "I became obsessed with the idea of acquiring a coat of tan from the top of my head to the tip of my toes." He set out for the then remote spot of Hanauma Bay, only to find, when he reached the final brow and looked down on the beach, a huge Hawaiian family picnic under way. "Disillusioned, furious and reckless," he writes, he drove back to Waikiki and "helped start the... fashion" for near-nude bathing. Griffiss had been brought up in a wealthy family in Coronado, the exclusive beach suburb of San Diego in California. His stepfather, Wilmot Griffiss, was head of the bond department for a leading San Diego bank. His mother, Katherine Hamlin, was a daughter of one of Buffalo's richest men - a horse-breeding sugar magnate - who eloped () with a wealthy businessman's polo-playing son, Ellicott Evans. Griffiss's mother and stepfather mixed in West Coast high society. His sister, meanwhile, lived next door to the future Wallis Simpson and her first husband, Earl Winfield Spencer, first commander of Coronado's Naval Air Station, and both couples attended a party held for the Prince of Wales when he toured the West Coast in 1920. It was thanks to his family's wealth that Griffiss, generally known as Tim rather than Townsend, was able to hire a house within yards of Waikiki beach in Honolulu, and to indulge an expensive passion inherited from his father - polo. The Army team on Hawaii was trained and led by George S Patton, then a major, but later the general whose tanks stormed out of Normandy breaking all records for liberating territory and capturing enemy divisions. "The Major has incited that old fighting spirit which carries the team with a rush to the last gong," writes Griffiss - again, without explaining to readers his personal link to the events described. When, after stints at airfields in California and Texas, Griffiss was sent to Washington DC in 1933, he arrived - to the delight of his two nephews - with three polo ponies. On Sundays the boys went to Fort Myer, near Arlington Cemetery, where the ponies were stabled, and helped to exercise them. "Where Washington National Airport now is there was a big marsh with lots of trails across it that we used for our rides," recalls retired Naval Captain Richard Alexander, who was given the middle name Griffiss in honour of his mother's stepfather. "We had a spoilacious relationship with Uncle Tim. It was easy to become terribly attached to this exciting, dynamic figure." Griffiss's private income also helped to set him up for his next job as an assistant military attache for air in Paris, Berlin and Spain. The qualities selectors took into account included tact, personality and personal appearance, according to a 1938 study by students at the Army War College, and also financial status - as attaches had to maintain a lifestyle their salaries would not support. Arriving in Europe in 1935, Griffiss spent most of his time from 1936-1938 observing the civil war in Spain at close quarters. "The undersigned was fortunate in having spent the night of July 11-12 at his beach house near Perello," he writes in one despatch, adding that it gave him a bird's-eye view of a naval engagement between a cruiser loyal to Gen Franco, and three government destroyers. But it was in his observations of the war in the air that he excelled. The conflict in Spain was widely seen as a test-bed for military technologies that would decide the next world war and the US Military Intelligence Department was hungry for information about how aircraft and tanks were employed, and how well they performed. Griffiss supplied detailed and thoughtful despatches, . US diplomats had better contacts with the Soviet-backed Spanish government forces than with Franco's nationalists, so Griffiss resorted to unusual measures to gather information about the new German planes, according to his nephew. "He convinced them to loan him a Russian fighter plane so he could go up and see what the new Messerschmitt 109s had in them," says Capt Alexander. "He tangled on several occasions with the prototypes of the Me 109, which must have given him good information to post back to this country." One of the lessons Griffiss drew was that work needed to be done to develop air forces suited to working in close co-ordination with commanders on the ground. Another was that the fashionable theory that powerfully armed bombers could win a war by themselves was a mistake. Bombers, at least in the limited way they were being used in Spain, did not cause public panic, he noted. He also concluded that fighters would always be necessary to protect bombers and would "remain the decisive factor" in air supremacy. The "flying fortress" idea had died in Spain, he and military attache Stephen Fuqua wrote in 1937, to the irritation of some leading Air Corps figures in Washington. The war in Europe began five months after the end of the Spanish Civil War. For the first two years the US remained officially neutral, but in September 1940 it agreed to a crucial deal - described by Winston Churchill in his memoirs as "decidedly unneutral" - to provide Britain with 50 badly needed naval destroyers, in return for the lease of military bases in a range of British territories. It was this deal that gave Winston Churchill his cue to tell parliament that "these two great organisations of the English-speaking democracies, the British Empire and the United States... will have to be somewhat mixed up together in some of their affairs, for mutual and general advantage." He went on: "For my own part, looking out upon the future, I do not view the process with any misgivings. I could not stop it if I wished. No-one could stop it. Like the Mississippi, it just keeps rolling along. Let it roll. Let it roll on - full flood, inexorable, irresistible, benignant, to broader lands and better days." It's impossible to know whether Townsend Griffiss had any misgivings about this process, but it formed the backdrop for the last 18 months of his life. He first acted as an adviser from the Air Corps to the US admiral sent to the Caribbean to select the locations for military bases on Bermuda and five West Indian colonies. The wrangling over some of these bases went on until the spring. Then in May 1941 he was sent to London as part of a special observer group (Spobs). This was a military mission by another name. Its members wore civilian clothes, but formed the nucleus of a joint military planning staff, along with a parallel British military mission in Washington. Griffiss was aide to the man in charge in London, Gen James Chaney. As well as holding regular meetings with the British operational planning staff, Spobs had to arrange for the pre-agreed American occupation of Iceland, and oversee the construction of naval and air bases in Northern Ireland and Scotland, for the use of US forces if and when they entered the war. But in November Griffiss was detached from Chaney's staff and sent to Moscow, to negotiate with the Soviet government about the opening of a Siberian supply route for American lend-lease aircraft. American aircraft were being sent to the USSR on Arctic convoys from the UK. They could also be flown to the USSR via the Middle East, but a route from Alaska to Siberia made more sense. Soviet diplomats in Washington gave assurances that Moscow was ready to help set up the delivery route, but embassy staff in Moscow were stonewalled whenever they raised the subject. Gen George Marshall sent Griffiss to sort it out. He spent about two months in the Soviet Union trying to get straight answers, first in Moscow, then, when German forces reached the outskirts of the city, in Kuibyshev, the temporary wartime capital. According to John Alison, then attached to the US embassy in the Soviet Union and later one of the fathers of US Air Force special operations, Griffiss got nowhere. "The Russians were just running us around in circles," . Cold weather delayed Griffiss's departure. From Kuibyshev he went to Tehran, and from Tehran to Cairo, where he boarded an unarmed B-24 Liberator operated by the British Overseas Airways Company (BOAC) for a direct flight to the UK. The flight was the first of its kind. The outward journey had been made on 24 January but strong headwinds repeatedly delayed the return trip. In such conditions, the Liberator would have run out of fuel on the traditional route across the Bay of Biscay around Brittany and and along the English Channel from the west. The captain, Humphrey Page, therefore suggested a direct route across occupied Europe at night. The Air Ministry in London signalled approval for the route. But conflicting messages were received from RAF Transport Command, which was against it, and from BOAC which appeared to be in favour. After asking BOAC to confirm its position, and getting no reply, the Liberator took off on the evening of 14 February. The next morning as it reached the coast of northern France, near St Malo, the aircraft appeared on British radar screens, initially registering as hostile. Two Spitfires from a Polish Air Force squadron in Exeter were sent to investigate. As they closed in on the grey-coloured aircraft, one pilot saw a bright flash coming from a glass turret. At the same time - he told the subsequent inquiry - the aircraft turned and began to dive into cloud. Both Spitfires opened fire, the Liberator's right engine was hit and started smoking, and it disappeared from view. Shortly afterwards, emerging beneath the cloud, the pilots saw a large patch of oil and disturbed water. Among the remains recovered were some socks belonging to the flight's first officer, some bags of diplomatic mail - which should have sunk, but for some reason floated - and a leather bag belonging to Griffiss. The court of inquiry blamed the Spitfire pilots, Stanislaw Brzeski and Jan Malinowski for failing to identify the Liberator as a friendly aircraft before opening fire, and recommended a court martial - but it was later decided there was insufficient evidence to proceed. Controllers who knew that a Liberator would be arriving on a path over occupied France on the morning of 15 February were also reprimanded for not warning the Exeter fighter sector. The question why the Liberator was not immediately identified on radar screens as a friendly aircraft went unanswered - either its friend-or-foe identification transmitter was not working or it was not switched on. The flashes of light from the Liberator were assumed to be a Morse-code message flashed from an Aldis lamp. But technically the Liberator should have signalled its friendly status by firing a colour-coded flare. One of the key lessons learned from the tragedy was that fighter pilots needed better instruction in the recognition of aircraft - both military and civilian. "In view of the important personages carried in civil aircraft, more attention should be paid to the identification of civil aircraft," the court of inquiry recommended. The B24 Liberator was to become one of the most familiar heavy bombers operated by US airmen in Europe, but in February 1942 there were not many around. Stanislaw Brzeski, the first of the Spitfire pilots to shoot, told the inquiry he had never seen a Liberator before. He mistook it for a German Focke-Wulf 200, another four-engined aircraft, usually grey in colour. The dead comprised five crew members and four passengers - Griffiss, a brigadier of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps, a Navy lieutenant and a Rolls Royce employee. In the Air Ministry there was great embarrassment. An approach was made to Air Chief Marshal Charles Portal to write to Gen Chaney, to "ease what may be a difficult and delicate situation to overcome". In his letter, Portal offered his deepest sympathy, adding that the Air Staff would feel Griffiss's loss acutely. "He was a personal friend of many of them, and no-one could have been a more helpful collaborator," he wrote. Chaney later communicated the outcome of the court of inquiry to Washington, asking for there to be no publicity. In a message to President Franklin Roosevelt , Gen Marshall described Griffiss as an outstanding officer. "I was bringing him home," he said. Griffiss received the Distinguished Service Medal posthumously for his work in London and in the USSR. The citation said he displayed "rare judgement and devotion to duty" and "contributed materially to the the successful operation of the Special Army Observers Group, London". Just months after Griffiss's ill-fated trip to the USSR, when Britain's hold on Egypt appeared to be weakening and the lend-lease supply route via the Middle East seemed in danger, the Soviet authorities abruptly took a brighter view of the Alaska-Siberia route he had been trying so hard to open up. Starting that summer it became the major pathway for US aircraft deliveries to the Soviet Union - with Soviet pilots collecting the planes from Alaska and flying them home. But if that story quickly acquired a happy ending, members of Griffiss's family lived with their loss for years. His mother died in 1951, while his sister Elizabeth and her husband, Rear-Admiral Ralph Alexander, who had been close to Griffiss, lived until 1982 and 1970 respectively. Captain Richard Alexander, now 89, remembers hearing the news of the accident. He and his brother Bill, both studying at the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, were summoned to the telephone in the middle of the night to receive a call from their father. "We heard dad on the phone telling us about Tim's loss. I was probably emotionally closer to Tim than my brother and it was quite a blow," he says. "I can remember those hours very clearly." After the war, he named his son, Townsend Griffiss Alexander. Now a rear-admiral commanding the US Navy's Mid Atlantic region, he too, like his namesake, is generally known as Tim.3 October 2013Last updated at 15:40 GMT Traditional musician Francis McPeake, 71, on child sex charges A Belfast judge has lifted reporting restrictions in the case of a well-known traditional musician and music teacher charged with child sex abuse. Francis McPeake, 71, is facing 12 charges of sexually abusing a child under the age of 16 from 2009 to 2010. The accused had tried to have his identity protected due to fears his life was at risk. He fled his home in the Markets area of Belfast last month after a mob of up to 60 people gathered outside. Riot police had to disperse the crowd, who had arrived after details of the case against him appeared in a Sunday newspaper and on the social networking site Facebook. The offences of which he is accused allegedly took place in Belfast and the Republic of Ireland. They include counts of sexual activity outside the UK and inciting a child to engage in sexual activity. All of them involve the same girl, who was aged under 16 at the relevant times. A temporary ban on identifying Mr McPeake was imposed when he first appeared before Belfast Magistrates' Court, to allow his legal team time to seek a full prohibition. Defence lawyers then argued that naming their client would breach his rights to life and freedom from torture, punishment and inhuman treatment. It was claimed that Mr McPeake is different from other defendants because he is so well-known. The district judge accepted there would be a real and immediate risk to his life were he to return to his home address. But she refused to grant full reporting restrictions on the basis that he has now moved to a different, unidentified location. In a ruling given on Tuesday, the district judge said: "The evidence before me suggests the threat has come from the defendant's immediate locality. "There is no verifiable or objective evidence that the level of threat would be replicated if he were to reside elsewhere." Pointing out that Mr McPeake has already been named in print and social media coverage, she added that the "identity of the defendant is obviously well-known in the Markets area". "In those circumstances it's likely those who are likely to pose a verifiable threat to the defendant already know his identity. "Therefore publishing his name will not materially increase the threat to the defendant." Mr McPeake's lawyers were given until Thursday to decide whether to mount a High Court challenge to Tuesday's ruling. It was confirmed in court on Thursday, however, that no further challenge was being pursued. Mr McPeake, whose new address cannot be revealed, then entered the dock for a preliminary enquiry hearing. With his family members in the public gallery, he declined to give evidence or call witnesses at this stage in the case. The judge granted a prosecution application to have him returned for trial at Belfast Crown Court on a date to be fixed. He was released on continuing bail of ?500 to live at an address known to police and to appear for trial at a date to be fixed.1 August 2013Last updated at 23:07 GMT Traditional technology looms large for luxury companies By Michael MillarBusiness reporter, BBC News It's a tall order to be best dressed at the launch of a tailor in Savile Row, the home of bespoke tailoring in London for almost 200 years. But James Sleater, co-founder of Cad and the Dandy, is doing his best. At a party to mark the arrival of Savile Row's newest resident, he is dressed in a suit with a difference - one made in-store on a 200-year-old loom. The suit was created to showcase the company's in-house talent, but it is unlikely the loom will be fired up again. At nine weeks, the loom-made suit took around 10 times longer to finish as it would take to fashion a suit with the aid of modern technology. Labour-intensive It would also come with a price tag to match. "Our average suit costs around ?1,000 - for this one we would probably be talking around ?10,000 to ?15,000," Mr Sleater says. Bespoke tailoring remains a very labour-intensive and highly skilled process - the cloth-making alone has seven stages and can involve five different companies. But taking tailoring back to its most traditional of roots is simply not viable for cads or dandies, it seems. These days, most intricate procedures can often be performed quicker, more accurately and cheaper than when left to human hands or traditional methods. So other than out of misty-eyed sentimentalism, is there any point in sticking to traditional techniques when machines are often superior? Rug for Obama Far from the grandeur of Savile Row, in the shadow of the Himalayas, overlooking Kathmandu, there is weaving of another kind. Here Nepalese craftsmen are weaving rugs with vertical looms, using the same methods practised for hundreds of years. The rugs they are making for Luke Irwin are destined for the rich and famous. Mr Irwin, who is set to open an eponymous store in New York next year, has even seen one of his rugs given as a gift to President Barack Obama by another head of state. He is quick to accept that a machine can create a rug that is more accurate to a pattern than his Nepalese staff can manage. But to praise such accuracy is to miss the point, he believes. "Computer software can create a rug that is perfect to the nth degree, but you can tell every time which is machine-made," he says. "In our world the customer gets exactly what they want - they have total control - but the joy is the feeling there has been a human interaction with it. It gives the item depth and character." Well-heeled clientele But like the tailors of Savile Row this comes at a price. Mr Irwin's rugs cost an average of ?4,000 for an 8ft x 10ft item. He says you can snap up a similar-sized rug for ?50 when it has been mass-produced. Indeed, time and again when asking whether the old ways still had a place, the companies that replied "yes" were selling products with price tags that restrict them to a well-heeled clientele. On a few occasions companies said they were yet to encounter technology that could replicate the skills of the artisan. For example, at the studio of rare decorative surfaces specialist Decorum Est in India, they practice repousse, a technique whereby malleable metal is hammered into shape. The company says the pattern created by this method imbues a "subtle, inconsistent texture that creates a beautiful play of light that a stamping machine could never produce". Reminiscent of yesteryear Mr Sleater makes a similar observation about human input in the tailoring process. "If you get me to measure you, you will suck in your stomach and puff out your chest - everyone does it," he says. "If I ask people to relax then their waistlines can increase by three inches. "If you rely on a computer to scan you for five seconds for a fitting then you already fail at the first hurdle." In other cases companies are forced to eschew the latest technology for heritage reasons. For example, the vintage British carriages used by the celebrated Orient Express keep not only their traditional interiors but also technology that is ancient in railway terms. Lighting and the main power circuits are still powered off a dynamo run off a pulley attached to the wheels. The traditional frames used underneath the carriages conjure up a more noisy, rough ride, reminiscent of yesteryear. But even a brand as venerable as this has to face up to the technological future, according to chief engineer Julian Clark. "Eventually you just aren't going to be able to get the parts - and the skills to maintain these trains are almost non-existent," he says. "Take the wheels: there are only two companies left in the UK that can fix them." Indeed, so rare are the skills needed to maintain the old technology that the company is starting an apprenticeship scheme to teach them before they die out. But in all these cases we are still at the luxurious end of the market. So perhaps the old ways have a place, but only for those who can afford them. Perfect tonic It's enough to make you turn to drink - for a solution to the problem anyway. Nik Fordham is master distiller at gin brand Bombay Sapphire. His company ships millions bottles of gin annually across the globe. But at the heart of the operation is technology unchanged since 1834. The company uses stills called pots as part of the vapour infusion process used to create the flavour of the gin. Not only are any new stills a direct copy of the 1834 design, the original still remains in operation. "The pot stills are core to our business and there isn't a better way of doing it," Mr Fordham says. "I can't envision a eureka moment when we will find something to replace them." Mr Fordham also has an interesting claim to fame: in the 1990s he did research into the creation of an electric nose. But no matter how hard he tried he couldn't create something to replace the human input required to create products such as Bombay Sapphire. "The electric nose could smell 9,500 different aromas - but it couldn't tell you if something tasted nice," he says. So maybe there is a place for the old ways as technology continues its unstoppable march. But to find the products that result, it seems that more often than not it won't be a case of following your nose, but your wallet.4 October 2013Last updated at 06:15 GMT Trance club Slinky bids farewell to Bournemouth By Roz TappendenBBC South Global clubbing brand Slinky is to hold its final event this weekend, as it is no longer financially viable to run. Director and DJ Lee Haslam said he had been personally financing the Bournemouth-based trance club since saving it from closure in 2010. The most recent event, the 16th birthday party in May, left him with considerable losses despite strong ticket sales. The final Slinky will be held at the O2 Academy Bournemouth on Saturday night. It is the same venue that has hosted the club for 15 years of its 16-year history, although these days the ornate 19th Century theatre is owned by Academy Music Group. In its heyday, Slinky ran club nights in Ibiza, hosted festival arenas, released numerous albums and rivalled superclubs such as Gatecrasher, Godskitchen, Cream, Pacha and Ministry of Sound. Haslam, who joined Slinky in 2007, said: "We were a weekly club, then we went monthly, then quarterly. "The numbers are OK but to survive we need to sell out every event. We have been getting 1,300 to 1,400 [people], which are good numbers, but our costs are high." Painful decision Despite the club's demise, the weekly Slinky Sessions radio show will continue each Saturday on the Digitally Imported website, while the record label, Discover, will carry on releasing music. Haslam has been snapped up by former rival Gatecrasher, where he is booking artists for its Birmingham and Nottingham clubs and events worldwide. "It's business at the end of the day," he said. "It's a very credible brand to work for and I've been lucky enough to work for a few in my career. "When they found out that Slinky was closing they asked me to come on board." Although his services remain in demand, Haslam said the decision to close Slinky was painful. Owners Marcello Alessi and Richard Skaife had intended to close the club in 2010 but, desperate to keep it going, Haslam leased the brand from them and has been financing it ever since. He said: "I'm very upset. I and a lot of other people have put time and effort into Slinky. "It's hard when you are putting two to three hundred man hours into an event - and a few times I have paid for the privilege. "I think there's a new breed of clubber who's not into trance. People are more into EDM and other stuff now." 'Expensive game' As well as a change in the music scene, clubbers' expectations for big names and large-scale productions have not sat well with the recession. Nonetheless, tickets for the final Slinky, costing ?17 each, sold out in just three days in May. "If our other events had sold out as quickly as this one, we wouldn't be having this conversation," Haslam said. "We have tried to keep prices down and have tried other things like the VIP tickets but it costs us ?3,000 to take the venue on. "Then there are the DJs and other people who need paying - it's a very expensive game." Slinky started life in 1997 when the club also owned the venue, which at that time was called the Opera House. In 2005 the club changed hands and the following year the Opera House closed for refurbishment, forcing Slinky to find a new venue at Elements in Bournemouth. Haslam was brought in as head of music in 2007, just as the 1,800-capacity Opera House reopened. Slinky returned to the venue in January 2008. Haslam said: "There are so many memories - we are very fortunate to have the Slinky faithful, and aesthetics of the building are awe-inspiring. "Paul van Dyk in February sold out and we have had some great parties in that venue."31 May 2012Last updated at 14:35 GMT Trans-Dniester profile The separatist region of Trans-Dniester - a narrow strip of land between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border - proclaimed independence from Moldova in 1990, and is considered one of the post-Soviet space's "frozen conflicts". The international community does not recognise its self-declared statehood, and the territory, which remains in a tense stand-off with Moldova, is often portrayed as a hotbed of crime. In a September 2006 referendum, unrecognised by Moldova and the international community, the region reasserted its demand for independence and also backed a plan eventually to join Russia. In the post World War II carve-up of the region, Moscow created Moldova's forerunner, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, from two disparate elements: the mainly Russian-speaking Dniester region, formerly an autonomous part of Ukraine, and the neighbouring region of Bessarabia, which had been part of Romania from 1918-1940. But in the Soviet Union's dying days, alarm grew in the Dniester region over growing Moldovan nationalism and the possible reunification of Moldova with Romania. A 1989 law which made Moldovan an official language added to the tension, and Trans-Dniester proclaimed its secession in September 1990. The breakaway territory's paramilitary forces took over Moldovan public institutions in the area in 1991. Fighting intensified, culminating in a battle on the right bank of the Dniester in June 1992. Up to 700 people were killed in the conflict. A ceasefire was signed in July 1992, and a 10-km demilitarised security zone was established. The settlement was enforced by the Russian 14th Army forces already stationed in Trans-Dniester. Russian presence The ongoing presence of Russian troops has been a stumbling block in peace talks and the West is concerned about the Soviet-era arsenal in the territory. A pull-out began in 2001 but was halted when Trans-Dniester blocked the dispatch of weapons. Subsequent agreements to resume failed to reach fruition. Long-running talks supervised by the OSCE, Russia and Ukraine have yet to yield a political solution. Attempts by Moldova to exert economic pressure on the Dniester authorities have failed to produce the desired result. In 2004 a Russian-brokered plan, which would have made the presence of Russian troops permanent, sparked mass protests in Moldova and was shelved. Conflict resolution talks involving Moldova, Trans-Dniester, Russia, Ukraine and the OSCE resumed under Russian mediation in 2008, after being suspended in 2006. There are disputes over language issues. Though dominated by Russian-speakers, around 40% of the population in Trans-Dniester have Moldovan - which is virtually identical to Romanian - as a first language. Trans-Dniester contains most of Moldova's industrial infrastructure, but its economic potential is limited by its international isolation. It has its own currency, constitution, parliament, flag and anthem. One of the last bastions of Soviet-style rhetoric, the territory has nonethless privatised some of its industrial enterprises. Russia shores up the region with financial assistance and funds a monthly payment to the region's pensioners. The region is plagued by corruption, organised crime and smuggling. It has been accused of conducting illegal arms sales and of money laundering. Poverty is widespread.Transport minister Norman Baker said he does not wear a helmet while cycling, saying he does not feel the need for one, as it was a "safe activity". He agreed with Olympic cycling gold medallist Chris Boardman - who made a without wearing one - who claimed cycling was safer than walking. They agreed that making helmets compulsory could mean fewer people took up cycling. MORE FROM THE DAILY & SUNDAY POLITICS Watch more ; 'like' us on page; watch the , follow us on or watch programmes from the last seven days onTreasury Minister Sajid Javid said the Help to Buy scheme, which aims to get people on the housing ladder was "for everyone" and not just young people.He said most people aspire to own their own home and added: "We want to help them with that aspiration."The Conservative MP said around ?10,000 was needed 10 to 15 years ago for an average mortgage, but that could be up to ?40,000 today, taking potential homebuyers 25 years to save.And he debated claims that the project could fuel house price inflation when he spoke to Jo Coburn, and guests Phil Collins and Sean Worth, on the Daily Politics. More from the Daily and Sunday Politics: Watch full programmes from the last seven days via ; 'like' us on page or 'follow' us on16 October 2011Last updated at 00:28 GMT Trees 'boost African crop yields and food security' By Mark KinverEnvironment reporter, BBC News Planting trees that improve soil quality can help boost crop yields for African farmers, an assessment shows. Fertiliser tree systems (FTS) also help boost food security and play a role in "climate proofing" the region's arable land, the paper adds. Researchers from the World Agroforestry Centre say poor soil fertility is one of the main obstacles to improving food production in Africa. The results appear in the . "In Africa, it is generally agreed that poor soil management - along with poor water management - is most greatly affecting yields," explained co-author Frank Place, head of the centre's Impact Assessment team. He said that despite chemical fertilisers having been on the market for more than half a century, farmers appeared reluctant or unable to buy them. "Therefore, there have been a lot of attempts to bring in other types of nutrients from other systems - such as livestock and plants" he told BBC News. "We have been working quite a lot on what is broadly referred to as 'fertiliser tree systems'." Although it has been known for centuries that certain plants, such as legumes, "fix" nitrogen in the soil and boost food crop yields, Dr Place said that the centre's researchers had been looking to develop a more active management approach such as FTS. "Some farms, for example in Zambia, where the farms are larger, it is possible to rest arable land and allow it to lie fallow," he observed. "But in places such as much of Malawi, where population densities are higher, they cannot afford to fallow their land; so we came up with alternative management systems where they could intercrop the trees with the (maize)." While the technique is not new, Dr Place said that some of the nitrogen-fixing species used by farmers were probably not the most effective. For example, farmers in East Africa had been using Cajanus cajan (also known as pigeon pea). "A lot of the nitrogen was being stored in the trees' seeds; so there was an effort to use other trees that put a greater volume in the soil, such as Gliricidia sepium (one of its common name is mother of cocoa)," he said. "A really nice thing about G. sepium is that we have been coppicing some of those trees for 20 years and they still continue to grow back vigorously." However, he acknowledged that there were a number of challenges that had to be addressed in order to maximise yields. For example, some systems suggested planting rows of trees between rows of crops with mixed results. "We realised that there were a few management problems with that sort of system - what tended to happen was that there was too much competition between the crops and the trees," Dr Place explained. "We developed a new management system where the trees were cut very low to the ground at the time you are planting the crop so then there was no light competition. "The trees go into a dormant state when you cut them like this, so the root system is not competing straight away for the nutrients, so the maize is free to become established. "The trees only really start to come out out of the dormant phase when the maize is already tall." Another challenge was to provide enough seeds in order to have mass-scale planting. He said that balancing the provision of high-quality seeds with large local engagement was another hurdle that had to be overcome. But the rewards in improved yields were noticeable, he added. "Some of the studies have shown that in TFS across Africa as a whole, yields are doubling or more in two-thirds of cases." Where the systems were not delivering such good results, Dr Place said that scientists were looking to refine current practices and modify them to suit the local conditions. 'Climate proofing' As well as helping to boost yields, the use of trees in agriculture has other benefits - such as helping to "climate proof" agriculture land. One example, Dr Place said, was the use of Faidherbia albida (common names include winter thorn and apple-ring acacia) in West African arable landscapes. "It has a deep penetrating tap root, and it can secure a good water supply even in dry years," he explained. "Generally speaking, tree roots do go much deeper than crop roots, so it is recycling nutrients and water from deeper reaches. "There are also studies showing that these roots act as conduits and bring up water to surface root systems (such as those belonging to crops)." The editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Professor Jules Pretty from the University of Essex, UK, said the study illustrated that there was a growing movement of agricultural innovations across Africa that were increasing yields and at the same time improving the environment. "Trees and shrubs in agricultural systems seem to break some of the rules of agriculture - in this case, farmers are using shrubs to create a diverse rotation pattern rather than year-on-year maize," he told BBC News. "The trees fix nitrogen and improve the soil; the leaves can be fed to livestock; the crops then benefit greatly in subsequent years."29 September 2013Last updated at 21:23 GMT Tremor from Italy amid political crisis Prime Minister Enrico Letta will try to save his government over the next two or three days but Italy is in political turmoil. During the recent election campaign in Germany, the Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said: "The world should rejoice at the positive economic signals the eurozone is sending almost continuously these days." His comments attracted some criticism; after all, rejoicing seemed a touch inappropriate when some countries had youth unemployment around 50%. Others like Mario Draghi, the president of the ECB, had sounded a different note. "I am very very cautious about the recovery," he said. "I can't share the enthusiasm ..." It is hard to know but some of his caution may have had its roots in his native Italy. Italian politics are never far from crisis. The political caste that inhabits the Palazzo Montecitorio revels in intrigue. Italy has had over 60 governments since the World War II. For a long period the comings and goings of prime ministers passed without much comment. Not any longer. Italy is the third largest country in the eurozone. It has debts of 2 trillion euros and is the world's third largest bond market. It remains true that despite the European Stability Mechanism (the eurozone's giant rescue fund) that Italy is too big to be bailed out. The country is still in recession; the longest since World War II. Seven months ago Italy fought an inconclusive election campaign. There was no clear winner. President Giorgio Napolitano, mindful that the markets could turn against Italy, helped forge an unlikely coalition between the left and the right. Crying out for reform Suddenly the Partito Democratico - the social democrats - were in partnership with Silvio Berlusconi's People of Freedom Party. Italy was crying out for reform. It had a political system that did not function with an over-paid political class. (At the election the comedian Beppe Grillo had won over 20% of the vote on a platform to dismantle political corruption.) Under the previous Prime Minister Mario Monti there was an attempt to free up the labour market but more radical reforms were needed. A start had been made on clamping down on tax evasion but often the actions seemed like high-profile stunts; pulling over Ferrari owners and asking them to explain how they afforded their vehicles. Above all Italy needed growth. The economy had been flat-lining for a decade and had racked up huge debts. From the start the new coalition was a fragile marriage, marked by political bickering. There were uneasy compromises and differences of substance. Berlusconi and his allies fought hard against a property tax but, without it, there was a 5bn euro hole in the finances. Other measures, including an increase in VAT, were needed if Italy was to meet its spending commitments. Whatever the disagreements, Berlusconi seemed to understand that the voters wanted stability and had no appetite for another election. Strains A strained relationship soured after Berlusconi's conviction for tax fraud was upheld by the Supreme Court at the start of August. He faced expulsion from the Senate, house arrest for a year and a ban on holding public office. For the past two months his supporters have been trying to find a way around these penalties. There were numerous threats to bring down the government, although it was never clear how that would help Berlusconi. At times the Letta government seemed paralysed. At the end of last week Mr Letta concluded no further legislation could be enacted unless the political crisis was resolved. He decided to hold a vote of confidence. Berlusconi did not want that and urged five of his ministers to resign their cabinet posts, so bringing down the coalition. Mr Letta called it ' a crazy gesture" to cover up Berlusconi's personal affairs. In his view it had nothing to do with opposition to the increase in VAT. The future is now uncertain. Italian ministers are wary of the response from the markets. Some say if there is a long period of instability then the credit ratings agencies will downgrade Italy. President Giorgio Napolitano says that he will only dissolve Parliament "as a last resort". He is exploring whether another coalition can be scrambled together. Silvio Berlusconi wants a vote "as quickly as possible". On his 77th birthday he seems determined to bet his future on increasing his influence at the polls. Risky It is a risky bet. He may even struggle to hold his party together. Some of his ministers opposed the collapse of the coalition. Almost certainly there will be days of attempted deal-making and a vote of confidence. Italy's Labour Minister Enrico Giovannini said: "If instability were to persist and affect the eurozone, then international authorities could put much stronger pressure on national authorities". It was a warning that Brussels and Berlin could start flexing their muscles if the euro-zone crisis returned. Italy - as it has been for the past year - is protected by Mario Draghi's promise to do whatever it takes to defend the euro. Those words, never tested, have kept the markets at bay, unwilling to bet against the central bank. Mr Draghi will be watching to see whether last year's promise still deters the markets. It has been said many times before that we are witnessing the final act in Silvio Berlusconi's career. His political influence is on the wane and it may just be that the voters are no longer willing to risk stability as part of a battle over his legal convictions. Yet once again the future of Italy is tied into the personal drama of the man who likes to call himself Il Cavaliere, but if the markets turn against Italy, Berlusconi and his allies could yet be forced into making a compromise.17 April 2013Last updated at 14:45 GMT Trinidad and Tobago profile Trinidad and Tobago is one of the wealthiest countries in the Caribbean, thanks to its large reserves of oil and gas, the exploitation of which dominates its economy. Inhabited mostly by people of African and Indian descent, the two-island state enjoys a per capita income well above the average for Latin America. Natural gas - much of it exported to the US - is expected to overtake oil as its main source of revenue. Dependence on oil has made the republic a hostage to world crude prices, whose fall during the 1980s and early 1990s led to the build-up of a large foreign debt, widespread unemployment and labour unrest. As with other nations in the region, Trinidad and Tobago - a major trans-shipment point for cocaine - has become ridden with drug and gang-related violence. This has clogged up the courts and has fuelled a high murder rate and much of the corruption that is reputedly endemic in the police. It also threatens the tourism industry. In response, the government reintroduced capital punishment in 1999, despite strong international pressure not to do so. Trinidad and Tobago hosts the Caribbean Court of Justice, a regional supreme court which aims to replace Britain's Privy Council as a final court of appeal. The council had been seen as an obstacle to the speedy implementation of death sentences. Sighted by the explorer Christopher Columbus in 1498, Trinidad was settled by the Spanish before being taken by Britain in 1797. A succession of European powers laid claim to Tobago. Calypso music and steel drum bands feature in carnival celebrations on the larger island. Relaxed and peaceful in comparison to its densely-populated neighbour, Tobago attracts diving enthusiasts and nature lovers. The island is self-governing.5 March 2013Last updated at 04:33 GMT Triumph of the blues - iconic iguana saved by trade ban The idyllic Caribbean island of Grand Cayman is perhaps best known for the azure tint to the sea lapping against its white sandy shores. But there is another famous Cayman blue - a species of large, long living lizard native to the island. The blue iguana is the island's biggest land animal. But size isn't everything when it comes to survival. Back in 2002 there were just a dozen or so of these giants left. The reason for the decline were the old reliables - the destruction of their habitat and the encroachment of humans. The species was decimated by car accidents and attacks from dogs and cats. At one point it was the most threatened iguana species on the planet. Now though there are around 750 of the creatures, land has been set aside for them, they are being released and are successfully breeding in the wild. To all intents and purposes, the blue iguana has been saved. So how has this happened when so many other species such as the or the have simply disappeared over the same period? One of the factors is a breeding programme run by the Blue Iguana Recovery Programme that protects the young lizards in their first couple of years when they are especially vulnerable. International agreement But another important factor according to Fred Burton who runs the programme, is the influence of an international agreement called the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites). Next week negotiators from 177 countries will meet in Bangkok for the Cites conference of the parties. In the 40 years since the agreement was signed Cites has been much criticised for its shortcomings particularly the inability to stem the trade in ivory and rhino horn. But Fred Burton is still a big fan. "Cites is a powerful force for good, " he said. "These blue iguana are on Appendix One (all trade is banned) and there is no ambiguity about it whatsoever. "If someone was to grab one of these iguanas and take it out of the country they would be in violation of the Cites law here and internationally." "That's really pretty important, even if we get to 1,000 there is no way that we can sustain a harvest for the pet trade," he added. Fred explained that at present their captive breeding facility has razor wire and security cameras and offers solid protection. But the problem is that as more of the creatures are successfully released into the wild there will be a growing temptation to capture and sell these iguanas as high priced exotic pets. "We've had animal smugglers here who have been caught. There is some awareness of the issue here on the island and Cites is the legal foundation for most of that. It is very valuable." Another factor underpinning the success of the blue iguana is that people see the sum of their economic value in the numbers of tourists who come to Grand Cayman to see the cold-blooded but warm-hearted animals. Sadly for many other species that will be subject to discussions next week, their parts are still worth more than their sum. Follow Matt on .13 September 2011Last updated at 12:46 GMT Trollope to rework Austen's Sense and Sensibility Joanna Trollope is to write a contemporary version of Jane Austen's classic novel Sense and Sensibility, which will be published in autumn 2013. It will form part of a series of six HarperFiction novels that will rework Austen's books, although other authors have yet to be announced. "This is a great honour and an even bigger challenge," said Trollope. Trollope, whose novels include The Choir and Friday Nights, is to chair next year's Orange Prize for Fiction. "It's a hugely exciting proposal to attempt the reworking of one of the best novels written by one of our greatest novelists," she said. "This is a project which will require consummate respect above all else - not an emulation, but a tribute." HarperFiction's publishing director Louise Joyner, said: "Joanna Trollope and Jane Austen share an extraordinary ability to combine heart-rending plots with a social acuity which has powerful resonances for contemporary audiences." Sense and Sensibility, which reveals the fortunes of the Dashwood daughters following the death of their father, is one of Austen's most famous novels. It has been adapted for both television and cinema - Emma Thompson won an Oscar for her film version of the novel in 1995. She wrote the script for the movie, in which she co-starred with Kate Winslet. Andrew Davies' 2008 BBC mini-series starred David Morrissey and Dominic Cooper. This year marks the 200th anniversary of the publication of Sense and Sensibility.31 December 2012Last updated at 14:05 GMT Troops' role changing as 2012 ends in Afghanistan By Jonathan BealeDefence correspondent, BBC News There has not been a British fatality for more than a month in Helmand. In part, it can be explained by the quieter winter - the insurgency is at its most deadly during the hot summer months. But it also reflects the changing role of the British military as they prepare to pull out. It is the Afghan police and army that are now largely leading the fight, as British forces are lowering their profile. Nearly 60% of the British military bases in Helmand have either been handed over to the Afghans or dismantled. Over the past year the British forces' focus, along with their Nato allies, has been on training up the Afghan security forces, in what is now becoming a more advisory role. It is a task that still comes with risks, and 2012 has seen a dramatic rise in so-called "insider" or "green on blue" attacks, when rogue Afghans in uniform target foreign troops. A quarter of the 44 British troops who have died in Helmand this year have been killed in such attacks. Mission continues The most recent "insider attack" on a British soldier took place at Camp Shawqat in Nad Ali. Capt Walter Barrie was shot dead by an Afghan in uniform as he was playing football on Remembrance Sunday, the last British fatality of 2012. His comrades who witnessed the tragedy are still training Afghans to detect roadside bombs on the same patch of muddy sand on which he was killed. Capt Barrie's friend, Maj Andy Lumley, admits the incident gave his men "pause for thought". But he said in a show of "sheer bloody-mindedness" they were out playing football with the Afghans again the next day. Maj Lumley says the men still grieve for Capt Barrie, but they will not allow one incident to derail the mission. There are, though, some doubts about the mission, which is training up the Afghans to provide their own security. While nearly every soldier in Helmand talked of real progress when asked, there is still a recognition that hard-fought gains could be lost. Kingsman Ben Shaun of 1 Lancs sounded optimistic about the future, but if you read his words carefully you will detect concerns shared by other British soldiers regarding what will happen when they leave. "Hopefully they'll keep to it. Maybe not as much now we're not there observing what they're doing. Maybe they'll slack it a little bit. But hopefully we don't have to come back and do the same job again," he says. 'Huge pride' An Afghan military depot illustrates part of the the problem. Afghan engineers are able to carry out repairs on their old American Humvees, but outside the workshop there are more than 100 idle vehicles, waiting for spare parts. The logistical supply chain has still not been sorted out. How will they cope when international troops leave with all their kit and help? Yet the British commander in Helmand, Brig Bob Bruce, is convinced that it is the right time to hand over control to the Afghan security forces. He says "they're ready and have huge pride in the job". That is certainly shown by the top Afghan Army commander in central Helmand, Brig Gen Sherin Shah. He has been fighting the Taliban for more than a decade and his chin bears a large shrapnel scar to prove it. The insurgency has proved resilient, but so has he. Gen Sherin Shah says he is not worried about the British withdrawal from Helmand, as it is not "sudden" but carefully planned. He insists the 438 British troops who have lost their lives in Afghanistan "have not died in vain". Before the British came, he says, Helmand was a violent province with no security and no democracy. Now 65,000 boys and girls are able to go to school. There are real signs of progress in Helmand. But there are also reminders of the failures of past foreign intervention. Camp Shawqat, where Captain Walter Barrie died, is surrounded by the ruins of an old fort. The sandy mud walls that glow in the winter evening sun were built and occupied by British forces in the second Anglo Afghan War. But they were driven out and defeated in 1882. This time the hope is that Britain will have left a more enduring legacy. But for now it is a "hope" and not a guarantee.9 August 2012Last updated at 19:42 GMT Tropical Storm Ernesto hits Mexico's Gulf coast Tropical Storm Ernesto has hit Mexico for a second time, bringing strong winds and flooding to several areas of the southern Gulf coast. The storm, downgraded from a hurricane, has maximum winds of 110km/h (70mph). Ernesto hit Mexico on Tuesday after drenching parts of Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. After blowing across the Yucatan Peninsula and open sea, it made landfall in Mexico again near the port of Coatzacoalcos, in Veracruz state. Coastal villages have flooded and thousands of emergency shelters have been prepared in Veracruz. The states of Tabasco, Puebla and Chiapas have also been prepared for heavy downpours. A total of 11 states are on alert for Ernesto, Mexican media reported. The storm is expected to lose strength as it moves inland. State oil company Pemex said it was monitoring Ernesto but so far there were no reports of disruptions to its installations. Coatzacoalcos, which is one of Mexico's key oil ports, was closed on Wednesday as a precaution.2 April 2013Last updated at 23:04 GMT Trotting in Rome: Farewell to a sporting way of life By Alan Johnston BBC News, Rome A relaxation of gambling rules means that Italians are betting more than ever - but they are betting less on trotting, a sport with echoes of the chariot races of ancient Rome. As a result, one of the city's most venerable sporting institutions is closing. Sometimes journeys across Rome take me past the Circus Maximus - what was in ancient times, the city's chariot racing arena. All its stone seating is long gone. Today its grandstands are just grassy slopes that sweep down to a gravel track. It's not much more than a bit of green space in the heart of the city, a place to kick a ball about, or for joggers to go wheezing through the summer heat. But just imagine what it must have been like on race days back in the 1st Century AD. The chariots were summoned to the start by trumpets and then they would be off, pounding hooves, whirring wheels, rising dust, the crowd roaring and drivers straining at the reins as they lashed their horses into dangerous turns. The only place where you might have found just the faintest echo of all that in Rome nowadays is out on the edge of the city, at place called Tor di Valle. It was a harness racing, or trotting, track, a place of pace and grace where horses would go striding at speed round a huge oval circuit, trailing behind them the flimsiest little carriages - modern chariots - just big enough for a driver to perch on, and crack a whip. And out at the track they would tell you proudly that their sport has its roots even further back than those Roman race days at the Circus Maximus. Legend has it the origins lay with the charioteers of ancient Greece. For decades, trotting flourished at Tor di Valle. Horses would be flown in from abroad for the biggest races and for the most important there would be a million euros in prize money. But no more. I came to Tor di Valle on what was supposed to be the day of its last race. The track was closing. It has been overwhelmed by the economic troubles that have brought much of horse racing in Italy to its knees. Betting is the sport's life blood, and right now Italians are actually gambling more than ever. But the way they bet has been transformed over the past decade. A liberalisation of gaming regulations has allowed punters to put money on sports and lotteries of all kinds, and the cash has just drained away from the horses. At Tor di Valle they say that their sector of the economy has been disastrously neglected by the government. And so that day at the track, I was watching a whole sporting way of life come to an end. In the utter gloom, even the very last races had to be cancelled. The deeply disgruntled workforce did not have the heart to stage them. Of course trotting was far from the biggest game in town. It had endured years of decline. But to the drivers and stable lads, the track was everything. A man called Fabio sat in the grandstand, surrounded by empty seats. He had worked at Tor di Valle for more than 20 years, but now, like dozens of others, he was bracing himself for unemployment. He had known the track since he was a boy and he said it was like of a world of its own. In that grandstand he had watched people gamble away everything they had, and then carry on gambling and he had seen others get rich. I met a trainer called Roberto walking a horse down a road to the stables. He was a big strong man in his 50s, but his voice broke as he talked of how his life had been steeped in the track. Horses, he said, had been his passion. He and his father, and his grandfather before him, had trained some fine ones. And there was a time when - if you could win a derby - there was enough prize money for a trainer to sort out a good part of his life. But now he said it was a struggle to feed the horses. The best of them, the fastest of them, will survive the closure of Tor di Valle. They'll be sent to other places to race. But some of the animals may have to be put down. Better that, perhaps, than let them end up in the harsh world of the illegal trotting scene run by mafiosi on the country roads in the south of Italy. For an hour or two, the horses were brought out to be exercised. They went fizzing round the track, snorting and stamping, harnesses rattling, drivers shouting. For a while there were echoes of better days at Tor di Valle. But eventually the horses were led back to their stalls, steam rising from their backs in the soft, wintry sunlight. And gradually a silence, and a deep sadness, settled on the lanes between the stables. How to listen to : BBC Radio 4: Saturdays at 11:30 and some Thursdays at 11:00 or . BBC World Service: Short editions Monday-Friday - see World Service .20 June 2013Last updated at 01:41 GMT Troubled path to talks with Taliban After years of secret negotiations, an historic breakthrough in talks with the Afghan Taliban almost came unstuck over a flag and a sign. But by the end of Wednesday, and a personal intervention by US Secretary of State John Kerry, the Taliban flag and their sign reading "The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan" were removed from their new office in the Gulf state of Qatar. After hours of mounting tension, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's spokesman Aimal Faizi told me the president now "wanted to get the wheels moving again." But as much as symbols matter, the substance of any future talks matters far more. Off the record conversations with a number of people involved in the sensitive dialogue that led to this milestone underline continuing uncertainty over what the Taliban leadership is hoping to achieve. "It's still not clear whether they are interested in sharing power, or just taking power again," reflected one source who has been engaged in this process for many years. Another spoke with more cautious optimism about "frank and productive talks," and "changes in rhetoric" that suggested new thinking among the Taliban, who enforced a strict and harsh interpretation of Islam during their rule in the 1990s. 'Prickly paranoia' The row over symbols served to highlight how a movement that once banned television understood the importance of projecting a certain message. For example, the words on the sign, "The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan," were those they used to describe their regime that was eventually toppled in 2001. For President Karzai, long suspicious that the Taliban office would be used as base for a "government in waiting" to raise its profile and its fund raising, it only confirmed his worst fears about the Taliban, and his ally, the United States. On Wednesday, he suddenly suspended bilateral security talks with the US, and called off a planned trip to Qatar by his negotiating body, the High Peace Council. "President Obama had given us written assurances this would not happen," explained Aimal Faizi. He also pointed out that there had been more than a month of intense discussions, in person and over the telephone, between senior Afghan and American officials to ensure misunderstandings did not arise this time. Not long before the announcement, President Obama himself called the Afghan leader to ensure he was fully informed of the expected breakthrough. On more than one occasion in the past, President Karzai has scuppered imminent deals, accusing the US and other countries of trying to undermine his authority and his country's sovereignty. Some Western officials, with barely concealed frustration, often dismiss what they see as a prickly paranoia. But in this latest upset, the president's anger seemed justified. In recent months, the Afghan leader has also been invited to Doha, as well as the Norwegian capital Oslo, to discuss ongoing negotiations. The ribbon cutting ceremony at the office on Tuesday came after months of renewed effort involving key roles for Norwegian and British envoys, as well as Qatari officials and Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) agency. German diplomats played a vital a role at earlier stages of the protracted process. One source said the ISI, which is known to exercise influence over many Taliban commanders, "did what it had to do" to get the talks moving again in Doha. Sticking points After months of silence that followed the Taliban suspension of negotiations with the US in March 2012, a new push was made at the end of last year to revive an initiative that has been in the making since 2011. Western diplomats also pressured Qatar to make more of an effort to encourage those Taliban who settled in Doha some time ago - at Qatari expense - to return to negotiations about an office. Diplomats also wielded the UN sanctions list to highlight how some of the Taliban travelling freely were actually still on a black list. But the US also held out sweeteners too. After insisting since the start on what one American diplomat conceded was an "unrealistic demand" for an explicit statement from the Taliban, Washington dropped its pre-conditions which required a written commitment to renounce terrorism and links to Al Qaeda, accept the Afghan constitution, and agree to talk to the Afghan government. Instead, the Taliban spoke of not allowing their soil to be used to threaten other countries, and expressed a commitment to try to find a "peaceful solution to the occupation." One source engaged in talks said the demand for direct talks with the Afghan government "has been a sticking point all the way through." He said: "We think they will agree on this but it is difficult for them to spell it out." Another problem for the negotiators has been to establish whether their main interlocutor, Tayeb Agha, still had the authority conferred on him by the Taliban leader Mullah Omar. Reports last year spoke of power struggles within the Taliban's political office, and Tayeb Agha was reported to have been sidelined. But sources say he is playing a central role again. Recent talks, which have not included direct American participation, are also said to have involved wide ranging discussions on issues including the constitution, human rights, the role of women. "We definitely did not agree on everything," said one Western official who also highlighted that there are still more hard-line elements outside this process. Prisoner controversy American officials say they expect the Taliban's first goal, when direct talks resume shortly with the US, will be to obtain the release of five Taliban prisoners at Guantanamo Bay. In exchange, they are to free the only US soldier believed to be in captivity, Bowe Bergdahl. It is understood he is being held by the group known as the Haqqani network, whose representatives have also been involved in negotiations. But this issue is already stuck in the tangled web of US politics. When talks took place in 2012, headed by the then US Special Representative Marc Grossman, leading Republican senators balked at releasing the Afghans. The Pentagon is said to be still opposed while President Obama backs a deal. Significant questions and concerns still hang over a tortuous process that will sit alongside continuing bombings and military battles on the ground. But for the moment, there is a long awaited window to open a channel of negotiations that will, at the least, give departing US-led Nato troops some political cover as they prepare to pull out most of their troops. But that window will only remain open so long as President Karzai, and other key players, do not do everything in their power to shut the door of the office if it seems to be moving in the wrong direction.27 March 2013Last updated at 00:33 GMT Tunisia: Can niqabs and bikinis live side-by-side? Two years after the long-time government was ousted in Tunisia, some women are enjoying their freedom to wear Islamic clothes such as the niqab, while others are afraid of losing their rights, reports Caroline Anning. Arije Nasser greets me in her living room in the dusty, wind-blown Tunisian town of Gafsa with the traditional two kisses on the cheek - but through a swathe of black material. The 22 year-old English student chose to put on the niqab - the full Muslim veil which leaves only the eyes showing - after the Tunisian revolution in 2011. "I feel like a princess when I walk down the street wearing this," she says. "The niqab and even the hijab were forbidden before the revolution, but now we feel more comfortable to practise our religious activities." Ms Nasser, and other conservative Tunisians like her, have benefited from the new-found religious freedom in post-revolutionary Tunisia. With an Islamist party now holding the majority of seats in government, the aggressively secular policies of the old regimes are out, while beards and veils are increasingly in on Tunisia's streets. That has some Tunisian women worried. At a recent demonstration, around 800 people pushed down Avenue Habib Bourguiba in central Tunis, chanting for a "secular state" and against "the party of the Brotherhood". Several middle-aged women were pulling reluctant, gauche teenage girls off the pavement. "March with us - this is your future too" they urged. "Tunisia has always been an advanced country in the Arab world when it comes to women's rights, but now unfortunately our rights are threatened," blogger Lina Ben Mhenni explained, away from the crowd, the Tunisian flag draped over her shoulders. "Before the revolution we used to ask for more rights, for total equality, but now we're just trying to preserve and keep the rights we already have," she said. Topless protest Under President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian women enjoyed more freedoms than their sisters elsewhere in the Arab world. They can divorce on equal terms and polygamy is banned - in many Muslim countries, men are allowed to take up to four wives - although the law still grants men a greater share of inheritance. The new government, dominated by the Islamist Ennahda party, has not taken away those rights. Said Ferjani, a senior member of Ennahda's political bureau, said it "is not looking to impose a lifestyle on anyone, we are here to defend freedom". The party stepped down in a fight over the wording of the new constitution - the draft text had originally referred to "complementarity" between women and men in the family in line with Ennahda's ideology, but after an outcry from women's groups it was changed to "equality". "Just look at this girl who did a topless protest," said Mr Ferjani. "We protect her rights, but we also protect the rights of women to wear the niqab." Amina, a 19 year-old Tunisian student, is the topless girl he refers to. She created a Tunisian Facebook group for the international feminist movement Femen, which uses nudity as a form of protest, and posted a bare-breasted photo of herself with the words "my body is mine, not somebody's honour" written on her chest in Arabic. Ennahda officials may not openly oppose Amina's actions, but other conservatives do. A prominent Salafist cleric has called for her to be flogged and stoned to death. 'Rediscovering religion' Many Tunisian women feel that their rights are under threat. "I think the situation for women in Tunisia now two years after the fall of the regime is mixed," said Amna Guellali, director of Human Rights Watch in Tunisia. She admitted nothing has changed on the legal level regarding the status of women or indeed in her own life, but said "big changes are happening deep in society". "There are more hardliners, more of these so-called Salafist groups who tend to impose their own vision of society and religion - I think this might have a very strong effect on women." Anecdotally, Tunisia is becoming outwardly more conservative. It remains liberal compared to many of its neighbours; many women are unveiled and even imams and Ennahda officials will often shake a woman's hand. But more people are choosing to wear the veil, which was officially banned under the old regime. It is also now not uncommon to see men wearing the garb of the conservative Salafist Islamists - long beard, skull cap and a thobe. Some women report feeling pressured to start wearing the veil, while young men told me they have been ordered by conservatives to stop drinking or playing dominos. Sheikh Mohammed Moncef Nasser, a schoolteacher and the imam at a local mosque in the central city of Gafsa, said he has seen a resurgence in interest in Islam since the revolution. "People are rediscovering their religion, it's natural," he said. "At dawn prayers I used to only have one row of worshippers - now it's five or six, mostly young people." 'Personal choice' Many secularists see this as evidence of foreign influence, particularly from countries like Saudi Arabia and Qatar. But for Tunisian Islamists, it is a case of publicly reclaiming their Muslim and Arab identity after years of being suppressed by the regimes of Mr Ben Ali and Habib Bourguiba. "I was so happy when I was able to wear the niqab," said Ms Nasser. As we chatted, she checked her smart phone for messages from her fiancee using fingers clad in black gloves. This is all because of the presence of her male cousin; when he leaves the room, she lifts the veil to show me her pretty, round face. "I study and I succeed in my studies, I have a love story, I live a normal life," she said. "The niqab is not an obstacle for me. But that is my personal choice - people must be educated in Islam, it can't be forced on them." She revealed that when she first started wearing the niqab, there were only a handful of other women in Gafsa doing the same. "Now, I would estimate there are about 30 of us." 'Giving Salafism a bad name' The fears that secular, liberal women have when they see women like her stems from two things, Ms Nasser believes. One is that people are simply not used to seeing what she called "real Islamists" in Tunisia. The other is that certain groups of Salafists - what are termed here "jihadi", as opposed to "scientific" Salafists - are giving Islamists a bad name. Jamal Bouthouri, a Salafist imam from Kesserine, agrees. Sitting in the small office of the car garage where he works, the 23 year-old says the media have exaggerated problems between women and conservative Islamists. "People in Tunisia are always talking about this, but they are wrong. "The fears of Tunisian women are down to ignorance about our ideology, and there are some Salafists who give Salafism a bad name," he admits. "Our relation with women is based on respect and that each one respects his or her tasks in this life. "What we see today is that we have entered into confusion about men's tasks and women's tasks," Mr Jamal adds. It is remarks like that which have some Tunisian women concerned. There is a pervasive belief among the party's opponents that Ennahda is quietly working with the Salafists. Mr Ferjani tried to calm their fears: "Ennahda believes people can speak out and cherish whatever they wish to, so long as they are peaceful. If you are peaceful, wear the niqab [or] a bikini on the beach. Just don't try to impose your lifestyle on the others," he said. For Samira Aloui, a teacher from Kesserine, and other women like her, those sentiments ring hollow. "Ennahda is two-faced," she said. "We don't know what to believe with them - they use religion as a front. But when it comes to women's rights, we want to go forward not back."1 August 2013Last updated at 10:33 GMT Tunisia profile Home of the ancient city of Carthage, Tunisia was once an important player in the Mediterranean, placed as it is in the centre of North Africa, close to vital shipping routes. In their time, the Romans, Arabs, Ottoman Turks and French realised its strategic significance, making it a hub for control over the region. French colonial rule ended in 1956, and Tunisia was led for three decades by Habib Bourguiba, who advanced secular ideas. These included emancipation for women - women's rights in Tunisia are among the most advanced in the Arab world - the abolition of polygamy and compulsory free education. Mr Bourguiba insisted on an anti-Islamic fundamentalist line, while increasing his own powers to become a virtual dictator. In 1987 he was dismissed on grounds of senility and Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali became president. He continued with a hard line against Islamic extremists, but inherited an economically-stable country. Although Tunisia under Mr Ben Ali introduced some press freedoms and freed a number of political prisoners, the authorities tolerated no dissent. Mr Ben Ali faced reproach at home and abroad for his party's three "99.9%" election wins. The opposition condemned changes to the constitution which allowed him to run for re-election in 2004, and in 2009. Discontent with his autocratic rule erupted in into mass street demonstrations which prompted Mr Ben Ali to step aside in 2011. This inspired uprisings across the region that became known as the Arab Spring. Tunisia is more prosperous than its neighbours and has strong trade links with Europe. Agriculture employs a large part of the workforce, and dates and olives are cultivated in the drier areas. But unemployment is chronic in some regions. Tourism is a key sector of the economy. Visitor numbers dropped following the 2011 uprising, but Tunisia hopes to win back many of the Europeans who flocked to its resorts every year. Secular Tunisians, especially women, are worried about the growing influence of ultra-conservative Islamists since the uprising that toppled Mr Ben Ali. Tunisia's dominant political force, the Islamist Ennahda party, pledges tolerance but has put pressure on the state-run media and proposed a constitution that would reduce women's rights. Militant Islamists have been an issue of concern for the authorities. A suicide bomb attack on an historic synagogue in the resort of Djerba in 2002 killed 21 people. Suspected Islamists were killed in shoot-outs with security forces in 2006-7, and pro-al-Qaeda groups have been active on the Algerian border since 2012.24 October 2011Last updated at 11:39 GMT Tunisia counts votes in historic free election Tunisian election officials are counting votes after Sunday's election, the first free poll of the Arab Spring. More than 90% of registered voters turned out to cast their ballots, officials say. Tunisians are electing a 217-seat assembly that will draft a constitution and appoint an interim president, who will choose the new government. The moderate Islamist party Ennahda is expected to win the most votes but fall short of a majority in the new body. "We are not far from 40% [of the vote] - it could be a bit more or a bit less," Samir Dilou, a senior member of Ennahda, told AFP news agency. The US and EU have praised Tunisia on the peaceful election process, with President Barack Obama saying the vote was "an important step forward". Former President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali was overthrown nine months ago after mass demonstrations - he had been in power for 23 years. Electoral commission secretary-general Boubaker Bethabet said more than 90% of the 4.1 million registered citizens had voted. No turnout figures were available for another 3.1 million unregistered people who also had the right to vote. 'A step forward' Across the country on Sunday, queues stretching for hundreds of metres formed outside polling stations from early in the morning. Polling stations began to close at 19:00 (18:00 GMT) but people still queuing at that time were being allowed to stay and cast their vote, AFP said. With large numbers of ballot papers to count, election officials said results were expected on Monday or possibly later. In a statement issued by the White House on Sunday, Mr Obama congratulated Tunisia on the election. "Just as so many Tunisian citizens protested peacefully in streets and squares to claim their rights, today they stood in lines and cast their votes to determine their own future," he said. The European Union also praised the elections and promised to support the new authorities. More than 100 parties had registered to participate in the elections, along with a number of independent candidates. Hundreds of foreign election observers and thousands of local ones monitored the poll and will be watching the vote counting. This democratic moment carries an enormous burden of expectation, not just in Tunisia but across the Arab world, says the BBC's Allan Little, in the capital, Tunis. Tunisians led the Arab Spring; they know the world will be watching this key stage in the transition, he says. 'Born again' Many voters emerged from polling stations holding up blue-stained index fingers - proud to show they had cast their ballots. The mother of Mohamed Bouazizi, the young man whose self-immolation last December triggered the Tunisian revolt, told the Reuters news agency the election was a victory for dignity and freedom. "Now I am happy that my son's death has given the chance to get beyond fear and injustice," Manoubia Bouazizi said. "I'm an optimist, I wish success for my country." Unlike its eastern neighbour Libya, Tunisia's transition from authoritarian rule has been largely peaceful. Mr Ben Ali fled Tunisia on 14 January amid the first of several mass uprisings across the Arab world. However, in the nine months since then, the economy has worsened as business and tourists stay away. Campaigning in Tunisia was marked by concerns over splits between Islamists and secularists, party funding and voter apathy. Ennahda, a moderate Islamist party, has sought to allay the fears of Tunisian secularists by stating its commitment to democracy and women's rights. Its closest challenger is expected to be the secular, centrist Progressive Democratic Party (PDP). The new assembly is expected to draft a new constitution within a year.3 October 2013Last updated at 14:20 GMT Tunisia crisis: Fears grow over political paralysis By Ahmed MaherBBC News, Tunis Hope is in rare supply in Tunis. More than two months after the second assassination of a prominent politician from the opposition, politics is paralysed and the economy is drifting deeper into trouble. Not since the overthrow of former strongman Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011 has the country experienced a political crisis so complicated. "You can trace the disappointment of the average people from the anti-government protests that go on almost non-stop here in the capital," said Khansaa Chabaan, a 21-year-old university graduate. Ms Chabaan was at a rally on 2 October outside the headquarters of the government at al-Qasba Square in central Tunis. She is a member of the country's leading youth opposition movement, Tamrood, Arabic for "rebellion", which organised the latest rally. The July of Mohammed Brahmi touched a nerve. It brought supporters of the secular opposition on to the streets to demand the downfall of the government which they accuse of procrastination and having a deliberately lax attitude toward acts of organised political violence blamed on Muslim extremists. "Radical Islamists are left unchecked by Ennahda," said Ms Chabaan, referring to the country's largest Islamist movement, which led a coalition government with two secular parties after emerging triumphant in the parliamentary elections of October 2011. The country's powerful labour union, or UGTT, is championing an initiative with the aim to end the political crisis. The initiative, which by the three-party ruling coalition, basically calls for the resignation of the government, the appointment of an independent politician to form a new non-partisan interim cabinet and holding parliamentary and presidential elections as early as possible. Ennahda leaders, however, ruled out the immediate resignation of the government to head off a political vacuum, saying it would step down only if a proposed national dialogue with political rivals succeeded in reaching a consensus on a new prime minister. The frustration can be sensed in conversations with people from all backgrounds; from young activists and journalists to cab drivers and hotel receptionists. People are fed up with politics and do not care about the talk of rising Islamism or of the al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorists the army has been fighting in the Chaambi mountains (west of Tunis) since December 2012. They only care about skyrocketing food prices and the moribund economy. Promises Economic problems were one of the main driving factors behind the 2011 revolution. The governor of the country's Central Bank, Chadi Ayari, said this week the failure of politicians to resolve the political crisis threatens the country's economy. "Every time I meet foreigners looking to invest in Tunisia, they begin asking questions about the political situation. Their problem is not so much economic as political," he told reporters on the sidelines of a meeting of Arab central bankers in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. The first democratically-elected government in Tunisia's modern history says it has inherited a heavy burden from the ousted regime and needs time to make good on its promises of economic prosperity. Critics say it is easier said than done. The unspoken fear in the streets of the capital is that the country is heading towards an Egyptian scenario that saw the overthrow of an Islamist president and his government by a combination of popular rejection and military muscle. People fear the consequences. Many Tunisians are therefore pinning high hopes on national dialogue, and perhaps the country's window of hope has not yet shut.15 June 2011Last updated at 19:15 GMT Tunisia defends 'provocative adverts' to woo tourists Tunisia has defended a controversial advertising campaign to attract tourists who deserted the country after its revolution in January. It includes billboards in London of a woman getting a massage, next to the words: "They say that in Tunisia some people receive heavy-handed treatment." At least 200 people were killed during the Tunisian uprising which began in December. It led to the collapse of President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali's regime. Tourism is crucial to Tunisia's economy. With a population of little more than 10 million people, the industry provides about 400,000 jobs and is worth about $2.5bn (?1.5bn) to the economy. 'Nothing but ruins' Syrine Cherif, whose advertising agency Memac Ogilvy came up with the campaign for the Tunisian Tourism Board, said it was intended to create a "buzz" among potential tourists in the UK and other countries. "The idea was to be provocative to address possible fears around the issue of the Arab spring," she told the BBC's Focus on Africa programme. Other advertisements show ancient Roman ruins next to the words: "They say Tunisia is nothing but ruins." She denied the campaign showed insensitivity towards Tunisians who had been jailed, tortured or killed during Mr Ben Ali's rule of 23 years. "This unfair treatment was done by people who were in the dictatorship and now the dictatorship has gone. It's over. Today it's a new Tunisia," she said. "The campaign is for foreigners, not targeting Tunisian people," she added. Tunisia was the first country to be hit by the popular uprisings which have swept across North Africa and the Middle East. Mr Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia in January after losing the support of the military. His trial in absentia, for charges ranging from conspiring against the state to drug trafficking, starts on Monday.27 August 2013Last updated at 09:09 GMT Tunisia head-to-head: What next? Secular protesters in Tunisia, birthplace of the Arab Spring revolutions which swept the region, have embarked on a week of demonstrations calling for the Islamist-led government to resign. They have been emboldened by events in Egypt, where the army ousted Islamist President Mohamed Morsi in July. They were also angered by the assassination of Mohamed Brahmi - the second secular politician to be killed in a year. Ennahda, the party which dominates the government following elections in 2011, has offered an all-party "salvation government" but has ruled out dissolving the constituent assembly or removing the prime minister. Here, two figures from the rival camps offer their solutions for resolving the country's worst political crisis since long-time leader President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali was toppled in January 2011. Yusra Ghannouchi, Ennahda's international spokeswoman Two years ago, Tunisia's revolution for freedom and dignity was inspirational, sparking the promise of an Arab Spring. The tragic assassination of the martyr Mohamed Brahmi has undeniably been a hard blow to our transition from decades of despotism to a vibrant, stable democracy. Ennahda has been clear in its condemnation of all forms of violence and continues to call on the authorities to do their utmost to identify, arrest and bring to account all those responsible for planning and perpetrating recent assassinations. In fact, that is why Ennahda itself has become a principal target of an extremely hostile discourse from radical extremists who abhor its moderate discourse. However, demands for the dissolution of the ANC (constituent assembly) or calls for the resignation of the government are not the way out of the current impasse. Such proposals not only lack logic, but lack popular support for several reasons. First of all, few Tunisians see the logic of disbanding the assembly, the cornerstone of their democratic transition, the election of which was the principal demand of the Kasba sit-in, in the early months of 2011. Secondly, few are convinced that throwing away all the progress, accumulated over the past two years, will somehow magically beckon a more successful and effective transitional phase. The third reason is that few see the tragic events in Egypt as an attractive prospect for Tunisia. The Egyptian scenario indeed proves that the disruption of a political process only leads to further division, instability, chaos and violence. The only solution is commitment to the current transition process, while demonstrating even greater openness to dialogue, co-operation and compromise. This will accelerate what remains of the transition, namely, adopting the new constitution and holding elections. Thus, ending the transitional phase and establishing a stable democracy in Tunisia will inspire the region just as its revolution did. The coalition government, which includes two secular parties and a number of independent ministers, is aware of the need to accelerate the co-ordination of the completion of the interim phase. The government has indeed, thanks to extensive dialogue in recent months, succeeded in reaching significant agreements on all the key points regarding the drafting of the constitution, the electoral law and the remaining timetable. In addition to these important agreements, promising progress had been made: Completion of the fourth draft of the constitution, formation of fundamental bodies (for example media authority and judicial council) as well as the election of eight out of nine members of the Independent Electoral Commission tasked with organising the coming elections. The interim phase taking longer is, in great part, due to precisely the fact that it has been managed in the spirit of inclusiveness, requiring so much coalition-building, dialogue, compromise and consensus. Finally, we must not let the difficulties and challenges that we face make us forget all the progress we have made so far. Particularly, if we take into account the decades of injustice, oppression and instability we have inherited as well as the economic crisis that is afflicting Europe - Tunisia's main economic partner. Mehdi Said, spokesman for Tamaroud Tunisia The way out of the current crisis in Tunisia is through the implementation of the five points proposed by Tamaroud Tunisia. We are a grass-root "rebellion" opposition movement that came into being after the assassination of opposition figure Mohamed Brahmi on 25 July. We demand, first of all, that the National Constituent Assembly (ANC), and all the bodies emanating from it including the current government, are immediately dissolved. We also call for the dismissal of Prime Minister Ali Larayedh. Secondly, we believe the position of the interim President Moncef Marzouki has become untenable. He has turned from being a prestigious human rights defender into a blind ally of the Islamists. Thirdly, we propose the formation of an alternative national salvation government with the participation of all opposition parties, civil society groups and trade unions, particularly, the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT). We do not accept the solution the Ennahda government is working towards, because we believe that any such government formed from or that includes Ennahda will not differ from one formed after the assassination of the Chokri Belaid, the ANC member who was assassinated earlier this year in February. Fourthly, we demand vigilante groups that became known as "revolution protection committees " be disbanded. They came into being spontaneously and in a peaceful manner back in the days of the revolution in 2011. But they have now turned into militia-type groups responsible for assaults on opposition journalists, artists, public figures and sit-ins. Finally, we call on the authorities to reveal who is behind the recent assassinations. Tunisians will not rest until they find out the masterminds as well as those involved in the assassination of martyrs Belaid and Brahmi. The government of Ennahda has failed miserably in achieving security and safety of its citizens. Tunisians now realise that this party does not care about the best interests of their country, but it only seeks to serve their own interests. I hold the party responsible for the climate of insecurity Tunisians live in today. The discourse espoused by the party's leading figures, including its leader Rachid Ghannouchi, has been characterised by double-speak and ambiguity. The government of Ennahda is on its last legs these days after it failed to achieve its electoral promises starting from reaching a final draft of the constitution to improving the economic situation. The party has long used the excuse of trying to reach a consensus with the other parties as a reason for the continuation of the transitional phase. In reality, Ennahda is only paying lip service to democracy and has no real political will in bringing the transitional period to an end. It could have, for example, established bodies responsible for the elections, the media and the judiciary in the first six months of their rule. They could have also retained the current constitution with some changes that may be enacted by a committee of experts. We are pleased with what our sister Tamaroud [rebellion] opposition movement has achieved in Egypt recently, although with some reservations about the current situation. We are optimistic that our peaceful on-going protests, with the participation of broad segments of civil society, will succeed in achieving our stated demands. Interviews by Abdirahim Saeed, BBC News1 March 2011Last updated at 14:56 GMT Tunisia legalises Islamist group Ennahda Tunisia's interim government has legalised Ennahda, the moderate Islamist group banned under former President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. The move paves the way for Ennahda to form a political party to stand in elections expected later this year. Meanwhile, two more ministers have quit the government - meaning five senior figures have walked out this week. Rights group Amnesty has called on ministers to investigate deaths during the protests that toppled Mr Ben Ali. More than 200 people are thought to have been killed during the unrest, and Amnesty says the interim government must hold those responsible to account. Continuing anger But the interim government, tasked with organising elections and restoring order, continues to be rocked by protests and resignations. The cabinet's most prominent opposition leader Najib Chebbi resigned on Tuesday, saying he did not agree with the direction of the government. Another minister also quit, one day after two other ministers walked out. Prime Minister Mohammed Ghannouchi, who had retained the office he held under Mr Ben Ali, resigned on Sunday in a bid to end street protests. But the protesters who helped bring down Mr Ben Ali were furious that so many of his former allies were included in the interim government, and continued their protests. The legalisation of Ennahda was another of the protesters' demands. The group's 69-year-old leader Rachid Ghannouchi (no relation) arrived back in Tunisia at the end of January after more than 20 years in exile. He was greeted at the airport by thousands of his supporters, suggesting the group has maintained some of its popularity. In 1989 Ennahda came second to the ruling party in elections, officially winning about 17% of the ballot in a count widely suspected to favour the ruling party. The party was banned shortly afterwards, and Mr Ghannouchi fled the country during a crackdown by the Ben Ali regime. On his return, Mr Ghannouchi told the BBC that his group would not be fielding a candidate for president in the forthcoming election.12 January 2012Last updated at 11:59 GMT Tunisia one year on: New trend of self-immolations Tunisia's long-time president resigned a year ago in the wake of nationwide protests, which began after the self-immolation of a young market trader. The BBC's Wyre Davies has uncovered alarming statistics which show there has been a huge rise in the number of people setting themselves on fire in Tunisia, despite the advent of democracy. They are mostly young men from poor, rural areas. They are also, generally, unmarried and have only basic education. Most importantly they are out of work and, despite strenuous efforts, they have little prospect of employment. These are the young Tunisians who set themselves alight or self-immolate. They are acts of sheer desperation that usually lead to death within 48 hours or, if they survive, a life of agony for the men and their families. The Tunisian revolution was, famously, initiated by the suicide of Mohamed Bouazizi, a young man in a provincial town who set himself alight in front of the town hall in protest at petty corruption and his inability to make a living. In the six months immediately after Bouazizi's death (he took two weeks to die from his injuries) at least 107 fellow Tunisians tried to kill themselves by setting themselves on fire. 'I've destroyed my life' At the main Trauma and Burns Centre in Tunis I met Hosni - a young man from Gasserine. He was so desperate for work that, like Bouazizi, he poured petrol over himself and lit a match. Hosni survived but has terrible injuries. There are no fingers remaining on his right hand, he has severe facial disfigurement and will need medical attention for the rest of his life. "I had no education, no job and was desperate," Hosni told me in a surprisingly clear voice for someone whose situation seemed so dire. "The whole country seemed to be on fire, so I set myself alight too, but it hasn't made things any better. I've destroyed my life and that of my family." Previously unpublished statistics seen by the BBC show that, in the year since the revolution, there has been a five-fold increase in the number of people setting themselves alight across Tunisia. It is an alarming statistic that threatens to undermine many of the positive gains made in last year's popular uprising. Amenallah Messaadi is the man who has collated the figures and is head of the Burns Centre. "This act [of self immolation] gained notoriety because of what Bouazizi did but it doesn't solve any problems, it only makes things worse for the victims and their families," the doctor told me. Life of torment Across Tunisia, somehow inspired by the story of Bouazizi or driven to desperation by the continued lack of economic opportunity, there are still cases of people pouring petrol over themselves and suffering the consequences. More often than not they have complained, without success, to the local authorities about corruption or the lack of work. Just along the corridor from where Hosni's terrible throat injuries were being dressed - many victims of self-immolation suffer agonising lung and internal chest injuries - another victim had been brought in and was fighting for his life. At 40 years old, the unnamed man was a little older than most but in every other aspect he fitted the pattern - unemployed and (perhaps unrealistically) disillusioned that the revolution had not yet delivered real economic reform. Mr Messaadi said the man would probably survive, but was now destined to a life of physical agony and psychological torment. In the last week alone, at least three people - in towns from the north to the south of the country - have set fire to themselves. One, a father of three from the town of Gafsa, has already died after pouring petrol over himself in front of the municipal building. Again, he was protesting at the lack of jobs for the country's underclass. Mr Messaadi is clearly frustrated with what he calls "this bizarre phenomenon." With no hint of irony he says people shouldn't glorify the act of self-immolation and "should stop adding fuel to the fire". It has been a year since Tunisians overthrew Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in a revolution that was as much about economics as it was about politics. Many people expect that the employment situation will eventually improve. In the meantime doctors urge people, as desperate as they may be, not to resort to self-immolation - an act that never, ever makes things better.18 March 2013Last updated at 09:30 GMT Tunisia profile President: Moncef Marzouki Veteran dissident Moncef Marzouki was installed as president in December 2011, a few months after the popular protests which forced autocratic leader Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali from power and which inspired the Arab Spring uprisings across the region. Members of the constitutional assembly, the interim parliament, voted to elect Mr Marzouki as president, the second most powerful role after the prime minister. He is widely respected for his opposition to former president Ben Ali, and is seen as a likely counterweight to the Islamist Ennahda party which became the country's dominant political force in the elections of October 2011. A doctor and human rights campaigner, Mr Marzouki was jailed in 1994 after challenging Mr Ben Ali in a presidential election. He only returned home after Mr Ben Ali was toppled. His curt demeanour, hard-hitting speech, craggy face and oversize glasses have made him a cartoonists' delight. While admirers say Mr Marzouki's character is beyond reproach, critics accuse him of being a pawn of the Islamist Ennahda, which has 89 deputies in the new parliament, where Mr Marzouki's Congress for the Republic (CPR) party is in distant second place with 29 seats. Mr Marzouki was elected as part of a power-sharing deal between the Islamist Ennahda party and its two smaller secular coalition partners, Ettakatol and Marzouki's Congress for the Republic. The deal gives the president limited powers. He sets Tunisia's foreign policy in consultation with the prime minister. He is also commander-in-chief of the armed forces but can only appoint or fire senior officers in consultation with the prime minister. Prime Minister: Ali Laaraiedh10 July 2013Last updated at 14:55 GMT Tunisia profile The Tunisian media have relished greater freedoms, and have been in flux, since the 2011 popular revolt. Under the former regime, press and broadcasters were tightly controlled. Since then, the number of broadcast and print outlets has increased, as has their freedom to report and debate political and social issues. State TV - which used to toe the government line - has changed tack, giving airtime to the former opposition. However, some journalists say Ben Ali era-style censorship remains. The state broadcaster has two national TV channels and several radio networks. Egyptian, French and pan-Arab satellite TVs have a large following. Tunisia has a developed telecom environment, with a high rate of mobile phone ownership and relatively cheap broadband. There were around 4.2 million internet users by June 2012 - 39% of the population (Internetworldstats.com). Use of social media during the 2011 protests prompted commentators to describe the events as a "Facebook victory" and a "Twitter revolution". Many Tunisians - 52% - select Facebook as a preferred news source, according to a 2013 market survey. Pervasive filtering ended with the fall of Mr Ben Ali. Since then, officials have blocked Facebook pages set up by cyber activists, and courts have ordered bans on pornographic sites. The press - state-owned daily - state-owned daily - privately-owned daily - privately-owned daily - privately-owned daily Television - state-run - private, via satellite and terrestrially Radio - state-run - private - private - Islamic News agency/internet - state-run, English-language pages - news website, in English30 July 2013Last updated at 14:27 GMT Tunisia profile A chronology of key events: circa 1100 BC - Phoenicians settle the north African coast. The city of Carthage, near the site of present-day Tunis, becomes a naval power. 146 BC - Carthage falls to the Romans. 439 AD - Vandals invade; Roman buildings and artefacts are destroyed. 600s - Arabs conquer the territory of present-day Tunisia. 909 - Berbers wrest the region from the Arabs. Ottoman Empire 1600s - Tunisia becomes part of the Turkish Ottoman empire, but has a high degree of autonomy. 1800s - French and Turkish designs on Tunisia force it to tread a careful path. 1881 - French troops occupy Tunis. France controls economic and foreign affairs; Tunisia is a French protectorate from 1883. 1934 - Habib Bourguiba founds the pro-independence Neo-Dustour Party 1942 - World War II: German troops arrive to resist allied forces in Algeria. Allied forces drive German, Italian troops out in 1943. Independence 1956 20 March - Tunisia becomes independent with Bourguiba as prime minister. 1957 - The monarchy is abolished and Tunisia becomes a republic. 1961 - Tunisia says French forces must leave their base in Bizerte. Fighting breaks out. France pulls out of Bizerte in 1963, after long-running talks. 1981 - First multi-party parliamentary elections since independence. President Bourguiba's party wins by a landslide. 1985 - Israel raids Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) HQ in Tunis; 60 people are killed. The raid is in response to the killing by the PLO of three Israeli tourists in Cyprus. 1987 - Bloodless palace coup: Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali has President Bourguiba declared mentally unfit to rule and takes power himself. 1989 - Ben Ali wins presidential elections. He goes on to be re-elected four more times, the last time in 2009. 1999 - First multi-party presidential elections; Ben Ali wins a third term. 2000 April - Habib Bourguiba, the founding father of independent Tunisia, dies. Synagogue bombed 2002 April - 19 people - 11 of them German tourists - are killed in a bomb explosion at a synagogue in the resort of Djerba; Al-Qaeda claims responsibility. 2002 May - President Ben Ali wins a referendum on constitution